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Unit 2 Mental and Emotional Health (MEH)
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Unit 2 Mental and Emotional Health (MEH)

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  • 1. MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL HEALTH QUARTER 1 SELF-ESTEEM GOOD CHARACTER MANAGING EMOTIONS MANAGING STRESS ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION MENTAL DISORDERS SUICIDE PREVENTION GETTING HELP
  • 2. Define
    • Mental and Emotional Health:
    • Accepting yourself and dealing with demands of life:
    • What good does this do?
    • Builds ……….
    • Sense of belonging
    • Positive outlook
    • Good self-esteem
  • 3. Self Esteem: Chpt.3/L.1
    • Define: How much you value, respect and feel confident about yourself
    • How to raise your self esteem: STEPS**
    • A. Try new challenges
    • B. Take healthful risks
    • C. **Raise your sense of competence (working on having the skills to do something)
    • D. **Positive self-talk: giving yourself encouragement and replacing negative thoughts
    • E. **Take your mistakes and learn from them
  • 4. MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
    • Theory that creates a ranking order of needs for each human to reach their full potential
    • LEVEL 1: PHYSICAL (food,water,sleep,shelter)
    • LEVEL 2: SAFETY(security)
    • LEVEL 3: BELONGING(to be loved)
    • LEVEL 4: RECOGNITION(achievement & value)
    • LEVEL 5: REACHING POTENTIAL
  • 5. Good Character: Chpt.3/L.2
    • Good character traits:
    • A. Trustworthy: honest and loyal
    • B. Respectful: considerate of others
    • C. Responsible: Think before you act and consider consequences
    • D. Fair: Play by the rules and listen
    • E. Caring: Kind and compassionate
    • F. **Citizenship: Advocate for safe and healthy environment at school and in community
  • 6. Managing Emotions: Chpt.3/L.3
    • Emotions: They are neither good nor bad BUT they can produce good or bad consequences
    • How to deal with emotions in a positive way:
    • A. Have empathy: Have the ability to imagine another person’s feelings.
    • B. Understand that people are private with their feelings and uncomfortable with expressing them.
    • C. Ask YOURSELF:
    • Will this matter? Why do I feel this way? Should I wait before I react? Who can I ask for help in dealing with this? Will this even matter in the long run? **Is this exaggerated (unhealthy) **Suppression—Am I refusing to deal with this by not talking?
  • 7. ANGER
    • ***The most difficult emotion to handle***
    • Evaluate the following:
    • A. What causes my anger?
    • B. How can I deal with this anger in healthy way?
    • C. Take time to calm down
    • D. Take time to deep breathe
    • E. Consider removing yourself from the situation
    • F. Find a way to relax and rechannel your energy
    • G. Always talk to someone you can trust
  • 8. Managing and Understanding Stress: Chpt. 4/ L. 1
    • Stress:
    • The reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demands
    • Perception:
    • The act of becoming aware through the senses
    • Stressor:
    • **ANYTHING that causes stress (good or bad)—positive outlooks help you manage stressors(it changes your “view”of the stressor
  • 9. YOUR BODY’s RESPONSES to STRESS
    • FACTS:
    • Stress doesn’t have to be unhealthy
    • It can have positive and negative affects
    • Positive stress can be a motivation (**examples—pressure of a big game/ doing well on a test, etc**)
    • STAGES of STRESS”
    • ALARM/ Fight or Flight Response:
    • RESISTANCE
    • FATIGUE
  • 10. STAGES OF STRESS
    • STAGES of STRESS”
    • 1. Alarm—Mind and body go into high alert (fight or flight)/ body physically defends itself from the “threat” see. P. 94—**Example: Pupils widen/digestions affected/ Hrt rate and blood flow increase!!
    • 2. Resistance---Body adapts and reacts (higher level and more endurance)
    • 3. Fatigue---Exposure prolonged, body tires and loses ability to manage
    • ***Hypothalamus:
    • Small area at the base of brain/ receives danger signal/ release hormone that acts on pituitary gland; The gland then secretes “adrenaline”
  • 11. Managing Stress(chpt.4/L.2)
    • Why?
    • 1. Developing good habits, reduces the effects of stress
    • 2. Stress becomes positive rather than negative
    • 3. Your risk of becoming sick, decreases
    • 4. Your body and mind will recover from negative stress more quickly, leaving you more productive
  • 12. SLEEP(chpt.4/L.2)
    • Need 8-10 hours per day
    • Helps you face challenges of the day LIKE:
    • 1. Concentration in class
    • 2. Test anxiety
    • 3. Performance on the athletic field
  • 13. ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION (chpt.5/L.1)
    • Anxiety:
    • The condition of feeling uneasy or worried
    • Depression:
    • Prolonged feeling of helplessness or hopelessness
    • **Serious condition that may require medical help. 15% of teens of all teens display signs of depression **Teens should seek help from trusted adults
    • **
  • 14. Coping with Anxiety
    • Ask yourself:
    • What situations cause my anxiety?
    • What can I do to plan ahead so that stress will not build and cause anxiety?**friends can encourage early studying for tests
    • What techniques can I use to help reduce this? ….brainstorm w. class
    • think before agreeing to responsibilities/ plan ahead/ breath and relax
    • Realize that drugs & alcohol give people a false sense of escape
  • 15. Causes of Depression (chpt. 5/L.1)
    • Medical condition or illness
    • Psychological reasons like a traumatic life event**Loss of a close family member: good example
    • Environmental factor: ex. Living in poverty or in another type of harmful environment**TREATMENT may call for a “”change in your environment/surroundings**
    • WARNING SIGNS: see 5.2
    • Irritability
    • Loss of interest in activities
    • Difficulty sleeping
    • Weight loss
    • Cannot concentrate
    • Thoughts of suicide
  • 16. Mental Disorders: (chp.5/L.2)
    • Define: An illness of the mind that can affect thoughts, feelings, behaviors of a person to the point that they cannot lead a happy, healthful and productive life
    • TYPES: Anxiety/ Impulse Control/ Eating Disorders/ Personality disorders/ Mood disorders
    • Mood Disorder:
    • Illness that involves extreme changes in your mood and interfere with everyday living.
    • Examples: **Bipolar Disorder(periods of mania mixed with depression), Depression, manic-depress.
    • **Many go untreated! Why? Fail to seek treatment—no admission of a problem
  • 17. Suicide (chpt. 5/L.3)
    • Define: Act of intentionally taking one’s own life (3 rd leading cause of death in teens)
    • Warning signs:
    • Direct statements
    • Indirect statements
    • Withdrawal from friends and family
    • **Giving away personal belongings
    • Dramatic changes in personality and appearance
    • Many more:
    • How to Help: A. Show support B. **Remind person there are solutions C .** Tell a trusted adult right away—Always Step 1 for suicide, depression, etc.
    • D. Tell them suicidal survivors later express gratitude they’re alive
  • 18. Getting Help for Any Mental Disorder:(chpt.5/L.4)
    • 1. **Psychotherapy—Talk between patient and healthy professional/ counseling
    • 2.Behavior therapy—Treatment focusing on changing unwanted behaviors
    • 3.**Drug or Chemical therapy---**Using medications or antidepressants and/or chemical substance to reduce symptoms of a disorder
    • 4.Family Therapy—Communicating with family members
    • 5.**Group Therapy—Talking with others who have similar situations/ similar disorders
    • 6. Cognitive Therapy---(mental therapy): Professional helping correct distorted thinking patterns
    • ****Treatment takes times, persistence and patience! **Environmental Changes

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