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Nuclear weapons Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Nuclear Weapons
  • 2. History of Nuclear Weapons
    • 1 st U.S. Test – ‘Trinity’ – July 16, 1945
  • 3. Number of ‘Official’ Nuclear Weapons Tests
    • U.S. – 1,054
    • Russia – 715
    • France – 210
    • UK – 45
    • China – 45
    • India – 6
    • Pakistan – 6
    • North Korea – 2 (only country since 1998 to test nukes)
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6. History of Nuclear Weapons
    • 1 st Use of a Nuclear Weapon Against Another Country:
      • U. S. bombs Hiroshima, Japan - August 6, 1945
    • Last Use of a Nuclear Weapon Against Another Country:
      • U.S. bombs Nagasaki, Japan – August 9, 1945
  • 7. History of Nuclear Weapons
    • The Cold War
      • U.S. vs. The Soviet Union
        • U.S. tries to contain the spread of communism and influence of the Soviet Union.
        • Widespread fear among people that the conflict could lead to nuclear war.
    • http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/jfkinaugural.htm
  • 8. Cuban Missile Crisis - 1962
    • The Soviet Union built missile bases in Cuba.
    • The United States puts a naval blockade around Cuba to prevent nuclear missiles from arriving from the Soviet Union. The standoff lasts for 13 days.
    • Years later it was discovered that Cuba had operational nuclear missiles and Soviet approval to use them if the U.S. declared war on Cuba or the Soviet Union.
  • 9.  
  • 10. Culture of Fear
  • 11. Solutions: Deterrence (1960s-1980s)
    • Definition of Deterrence
      • The threat of nuclear retaliation could prevent a nuclear attack.
        • Translation: Build as many nukes as possible so that the other side doesn’t dare attack because they would be wiped out too.
        • MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction)
    • Problem with Deterrence?
      • Leads to a nuclear arms race.
  • 12.  
  • 13. End of the Cold War – A Gradual Process
    • Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (1972)
      • Between U.S. & Soviet Union
    • President Reagan & Mikhail Gorbachev (U.S.S.R.) rethink deterrence and MAD and begin to communicate
    • December 25, 1991 – Soviet Union collapses with resign of Gorbachev
  • 14. What is the issue/concern with nuclear weapons today?
    • Cold War Arsenals
      • Accidents
      • Unauthorized Use
      • State Collapse
    • Proliferation
      • The spread of nuclear weapons
    • Terrorism
    http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/2009-global-prolif6.pdf
  • 15. U.S. and Russia: Nuclear Arms Reduction Pact – April 8, 2010 http://www.hulu.com/watch/141038/nbc-nightly-news-with-brian-williams-us-russia-sign-arms-reduction-treaty?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+HuluRecentlyAddedVideos+%28Hulu+-+Recently+added+videos%29#http%3A%2F%2Fwww.hulu.com%2Ffeed%2Frecent%2Fvideos%3Frd%3D0
  • 16.  
  • 17.
    • Nuclear Weapons Tests http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_weapons_testing#History
    • Arms Race http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_arms_race
    • Atomic Cafe