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Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
Nuclear weapons
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Nuclear weapons

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  • 1. Nuclear Weapons
  • 2. History of Nuclear Weapons <ul><li>1 st U.S. Test – ‘Trinity’ – July 16, 1945 </li></ul>
  • 3. Number of ‘Official’ Nuclear Weapons Tests <ul><li>U.S. – 1,054 </li></ul><ul><li>Russia – 715 </li></ul><ul><li>France – 210 </li></ul><ul><li>UK – 45 </li></ul><ul><li>China – 45 </li></ul><ul><li>India – 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Pakistan – 6 </li></ul><ul><li>North Korea – 2 (only country since 1998 to test nukes) </li></ul>
  • 4.  
  • 5.  
  • 6. History of Nuclear Weapons <ul><li>1 st Use of a Nuclear Weapon Against Another Country: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U. S. bombs Hiroshima, Japan - August 6, 1945 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Last Use of a Nuclear Weapon Against Another Country: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. bombs Nagasaki, Japan – August 9, 1945 </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. History of Nuclear Weapons <ul><li>The Cold War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. vs. The Soviet Union </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. tries to contain the spread of communism and influence of the Soviet Union. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Widespread fear among people that the conflict could lead to nuclear war. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speeches/jfkinaugural.htm </li></ul>
  • 8. Cuban Missile Crisis - 1962 <ul><li>The Soviet Union built missile bases in Cuba. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States puts a naval blockade around Cuba to prevent nuclear missiles from arriving from the Soviet Union. The standoff lasts for 13 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Years later it was discovered that Cuba had operational nuclear missiles and Soviet approval to use them if the U.S. declared war on Cuba or the Soviet Union. </li></ul>
  • 9.  
  • 10. Culture of Fear
  • 11. Solutions: Deterrence (1960s-1980s) <ul><li>Definition of Deterrence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The threat of nuclear retaliation could prevent a nuclear attack. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Translation: Build as many nukes as possible so that the other side doesn’t dare attack because they would be wiped out too. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Problem with Deterrence? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to a nuclear arms race. </li></ul></ul>
  • 12.  
  • 13. End of the Cold War – A Gradual Process <ul><li>Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (1972) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between U.S. & Soviet Union </li></ul></ul><ul><li>President Reagan & Mikhail Gorbachev (U.S.S.R.) rethink deterrence and MAD and begin to communicate </li></ul><ul><li>December 25, 1991 – Soviet Union collapses with resign of Gorbachev </li></ul>
  • 14. What is the issue/concern with nuclear weapons today? <ul><li>Cold War Arsenals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unauthorized Use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Collapse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proliferation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The spread of nuclear weapons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul>http://www.carnegieendowment.org/files/2009-global-prolif6.pdf
  • 15. U.S. and Russia: Nuclear Arms Reduction Pact – April 8, 2010 http://www.hulu.com/watch/141038/nbc-nightly-news-with-brian-williams-us-russia-sign-arms-reduction-treaty?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+HuluRecentlyAddedVideos+%28Hulu+-+Recently+added+videos%29#http%3A%2F%2Fwww.hulu.com%2Ffeed%2Frecent%2Fvideos%3Frd%3D0
  • 16.  
  • 17. <ul><li>Nuclear Weapons Tests http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_weapons_testing#History </li></ul><ul><li>Arms Race http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_arms_race </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic Cafe </li></ul>

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