Islam2

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Islam2

  1. 1. IslamIslam
  2. 2. I. History of IslamI. History of Islam A.A. Muslims trace their linage back toMuslims trace their linage back to Abraham through Ishmael.Abraham through Ishmael.
  3. 3. I. History of IslamI. History of Islam B. Islam officially begins with the revelationsB. Islam officially begins with the revelations given to Muhammad and he founded whatgiven to Muhammad and he founded what became known as Islam.became known as Islam. 1. Muhammad1. Muhammad -Merchant who traveled Middle East-Merchant who traveled Middle East -Went to caves outside of Mecca to pray-Went to caves outside of Mecca to pray
  4. 4. I. History of IslamI. History of Islam 1. Muhammad1. Muhammad -was upset with the moral decay-was upset with the moral decay -visited by the angel Gabriel in the-visited by the angel Gabriel in the caves with messages from God.caves with messages from God. -Muhammad thought he was-Muhammad thought he was crazy but his wife encouragedcrazy but his wife encouraged him to listen.him to listen. -he spreads his teachings in Mecca-he spreads his teachings in Mecca and Medinaand Medina
  5. 5. I. History of IslamI. History of Islam C.C. The main point of Islam was to spreadThe main point of Islam was to spread monotheism to end polytheistic beliefs inmonotheism to end polytheistic beliefs in Arabia and return to following the God ofArabia and return to following the God of the Jews and Christians.the Jews and Christians. D.D. Muhammad died in battle at the age of 62Muhammad died in battle at the age of 62 (almost 40 years after the revelations(almost 40 years after the revelations began). Muslims believe that he is the lastbegan). Muslims believe that he is the last of the prophets.of the prophets.
  6. 6. II. Requirements of IslamII. Requirements of Islam A.A. The 5 PillarsThe 5 Pillars 1. Shahada – The central belief of Islam1. Shahada – The central belief of Islam ““There is no God but Allah andThere is no God but Allah and Muhammad is His messenger.”Muhammad is His messenger.”
  7. 7. II. Requirements of IslamII. Requirements of Islam A.A. The 5 PillarsThe 5 Pillars 2. Salat – Praying the prescribed prayers2. Salat – Praying the prescribed prayers in the prescribed manner.in the prescribed manner. -pray (Rakah) 5 times a day at the correct-pray (Rakah) 5 times a day at the correct timetime -bow towards Mecca-bow towards Mecca -faith in Muhammad and Allah is declared-faith in Muhammad and Allah is declared after each prayer positionafter each prayer position
  8. 8. Minaret and MuezzinMinaret and Muezzin
  9. 9. II. Requirements of IslamII. Requirements of Islam A.A. The 5 PillarsThe 5 Pillars 3. Zakat – almsgiving to the poor and sick3. Zakat – almsgiving to the poor and sick (stated in the Koran as 2 ½ %)(stated in the Koran as 2 ½ %) 4. Sawm – Fasting from sunup to4. Sawm – Fasting from sunup to sundown during the month of Ramadan.sundown during the month of Ramadan. -27-27thth of Ramadan is the Night of Powerof Ramadan is the Night of Power which commemorates Muhammad's 1which commemorates Muhammad's 1stst revelation.revelation.
  10. 10. II. Requirements of IslamII. Requirements of Islam A.A. The 5 PillarsThe 5 Pillars 5. Hajj – The Pilgrimage to Mecca5. Hajj – The Pilgrimage to Mecca The Ka’bah – believed by Muslims to be built by Abraham while visiting Ishmael.
  11. 11. II. Requirements of IslamII. Requirements of Islam A.A. Pillars of IslamPillars of Islam 5. Hajj – The Procedure5. Hajj – The Procedure -shave your head and wear white (men)-shave your head and wear white (men) -keep heads covered and wear native clothes (women)-keep heads covered and wear native clothes (women) -walk 7 times around Ka’bah and kiss stone-walk 7 times around Ka’bah and kiss stone -run 7 times b/w hills of the region (symbolizing-run 7 times b/w hills of the region (symbolizing Hagar’s search for water)Hagar’s search for water) -all day prayer in the plain of Arafat-all day prayer in the plain of Arafat -throw stones at 3 pillars (symbolizing keeping the-throw stones at 3 pillars (symbolizing keeping the devil away)devil away) - animal sacrifice on the 10- animal sacrifice on the 10thth dayday -7 more times around the Ka’bah-7 more times around the Ka’bah
  12. 12. II. Requirements of IslamII. Requirements of Islam Sharia – Law based on the Muslim scripturesSharia – Law based on the Muslim scriptures 5 stages of laws5 stages of laws 1. Things that are completely banned1. Things that are completely banned -dietary laws – no pork, wine-dietary laws – no pork, wine 2. Things that are looked down on2. Things that are looked down on -divorce-divorce -smoking-smoking 3. Neutral actions that are neither approved3. Neutral actions that are neither approved or disapprovedor disapproved 4. Things recommended for a healthy Muslim4. Things recommended for a healthy Muslim -positive character traits-positive character traits 5. Requirements – things you must do5. Requirements – things you must do -5 pillars of Islam-5 pillars of Islam
  13. 13. III. Muslim ScripturesIII. Muslim Scriptures A.A. Koran (Qu’ran)Koran (Qu’ran) 1. Collection of Muhammad's messages1. Collection of Muhammad's messages from Allah.from Allah. 2. Seen as the 32. Seen as the 3rdrd word of God (after theword of God (after the Torah and the Gospels) – but the JewsTorah and the Gospels) – but the Jews and Christians have corrupted theirand Christians have corrupted their words from God.words from God. 3. Seen as the infallible word of God3. Seen as the infallible word of God 4. Is treated with the utmost respect4. Is treated with the utmost respect
  14. 14. God of the BibleGod of the Bible -God is knowable through Christ-God is knowable through Christ -God reveals himself-God reveals himself -God invites a life-transforming relationship-God invites a life-transforming relationship -God is triune-God is triune -The Bible emphasizes sacrificial love-The Bible emphasizes sacrificial love
  15. 15. III. Muslim ScripturesIII. Muslim Scriptures B. HadithB. Hadith 1. Sayings/teachings of the Prophet and1. Sayings/teachings of the Prophet and stories about his life.stories about his life. 2. There are 100s of hadith and they are still2. There are 100s of hadith and they are still being written.being written.
  16. 16. IV. Key Beliefs of IslamIV. Key Beliefs of Islam Allah of the KoranAllah of the Koran -God’s essence is not-God’s essence is not knowableknowable -God only reveals his will for-God only reveals his will for humanshumans -God demands obedience to-God demands obedience to commandscommands -God is a single personality-God is a single personality -The Koran emphasizes-The Koran emphasizes sovereign powersovereign power God of the BibleGod of the Bible -God is knowable through-God is knowable through ChristChrist -God reveals himself-God reveals himself -God invites a life--God invites a life- transforming relationshiptransforming relationship -God is triune-God is triune -The Bible emphasizes-The Bible emphasizes sacrificial lovesacrificial love A. Allah (Arabic for The God)
  17. 17. IV. Key Beliefs of IslamIV. Key Beliefs of Islam B.B. CreationCreation C.C. End TimesEnd Times D.D. JesusJesus E.E. Purpose of LifePurpose of Life F.F. AfterlifeAfterlife G.G. ShirkShirk
  18. 18. V. Branches of IslamV. Branches of Islam A.A. Sunni Islam – Believed that the next leaderSunni Islam – Believed that the next leader (called a caliph) after Muhammad should(called a caliph) after Muhammad should be the best one for the job.be the best one for the job. -90% of all Muslims are Sunnis-90% of all Muslims are Sunnis
  19. 19. V. Branches of IslamV. Branches of Islam B. Shia Islam – Believed that the next leaderB. Shia Islam – Believed that the next leader (called an Imam) after Muhammad should(called an Imam) after Muhammad should be related to Muhammad.be related to Muhammad. 1. Twelver Shia – Believe that Allah has1. Twelver Shia – Believe that Allah has given 11 Imams and the 12given 11 Imams and the 12thth willwill remain hidden until the end times.remain hidden until the end times. 2. Sevener Shia – same as above2. Sevener Shia – same as above expectexpect for 7 Imamsfor 7 Imams 3. Shi’ites tend to glorify martyrdom b/c3. Shi’ites tend to glorify martyrdom b/c
  20. 20. V. Branches of IslamV. Branches of Islam C.C. Sufism – Not really a branch. Sufis emphasizeSufism – Not really a branch. Sufis emphasize an emotional/spiritual connection to Allah alongan emotional/spiritual connection to Allah along with following the laws. Sufis can be Shia orwith following the laws. Sufis can be Shia or Sunni.Sunni. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_Cf-ZxDfZAhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_Cf-ZxDfZA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jeca3isOoW4&NR=1http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jeca3isOoW4&NR=1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kJvgurjDIVc
  21. 21. VI. Islam TodayVI. Islam Today A.A. Jihad – literally means ‘service towardsJihad – literally means ‘service towards your religion’your religion’ -can have a jihad through-can have a jihad through -zakat-zakat -writing a pro Islamic book-writing a pro Islamic book -helping old ladies across the-helping old ladies across the streetstreet -in terms of military it can only be used-in terms of military it can only be used to defend Islamto defend Islam
  22. 22. VI. Islam TodayVI. Islam Today B.B. Women’s RightsWomen’s Rights -They have been restricted before Islam began.-They have been restricted before Islam began. -Three verses in the Koran have been used-Three verses in the Koran have been used today by some countries to continue to restricttoday by some countries to continue to restrict women’s rightswomen’s rights 1. “Women should cover1. “Women should cover themselves to not be like others”themselves to not be like others” 2. Muhammad had 4 wives.2. Muhammad had 4 wives. 3. “A man’s testimony is worth3. “A man’s testimony is worth as much as 2 women’s testimony.”as much as 2 women’s testimony.”
  23. 23. HijabHijab Palestine Afghanistan Saudi Arabia
  24. 24. ►One of your friends claims that Islam andOne of your friends claims that Islam and Christianity are basically the sameChristianity are basically the same religion. They both worship God andreligion. They both worship God and follow a set of rules. Explain what yourfollow a set of rules. Explain what your apologetic answer would be. Use at leastapologetic answer would be. Use at least 3 Bible passages to support your answer.3 Bible passages to support your answer.

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