Iraq

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Iraq

  1. 1. When should the U.S. become involved in another country?
  2. 2. Foreign Occupation of Iraq <ul><li>Ottoman Turks (1600s – 1918) </li></ul><ul><li>Britain (1918 – 1932) </li></ul><ul><li>Iraqi Independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monarchy (1932-1958) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military Government (1960s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dictatorship (1970s-2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. Influence (2003-2010) </li></ul>
  3. 3. 3 Main Groups in Iraq <ul><li>Kurds (Sunni) </li></ul><ul><li>Arabs (Sunni) </li></ul><ul><li>Arabs (Shia) </li></ul>
  4. 6. Geography of Iraq <ul><li>How do Iraq’s ethnic and religious differences affect events in Iraq? </li></ul><ul><li>What role might the location of oil fields play in the future of Iraq? </li></ul><ul><li>What areas in Iraq might be likely sites of conflict? Why? </li></ul>
  5. 8. Saddam Hussein <ul><li>Gains power in 1979 through force </li></ul><ul><li>1980s – Fights a war with Iran </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. supported Iraq financially and with weapons </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>War ends in a stalemate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Saddam attack Iraqi Kurds who sided with Iran </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>90% of all Kurdish towns in Iraq were destroyed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 9. U.S. and Iraq <ul><li>Persian Gulf War - 1991 </li></ul><ul><li>Why does the U.S. get involved? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Iraq invades Kuwait to gain control of it’s oil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. steps in to help Kuwait because it’s not right for one country to invade another. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(or was it to protect its supply of oil?) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 16. Persian Gulf War - 1991 <ul><li>Results of the War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. (and other countries) liberate Kuwait </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saddam Hussein retreats and burns all oil wells in the process. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saddam is left in power b/c U.S. wanted a quick end to the war. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iraq is under U.N. sanctions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Fly Zones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.N. Occupied Territories in Northern Iraq </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inspections </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 17. U.S. and Afghanistan <ul><li>A group of Al-Qaeda terrorists, trained in Afghanistan, hijacked 4 planes. </li></ul><ul><li>The gov’t of Afghanistan, the Taliban, harbored Al-Qaeda. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. declares war on Afghanistan to overthrown the Taliban and capture Al-Qaeda leaders. </li></ul>
  9. 18. War in Iraq (2003-2011) <ul><li>Why does the U.S. become involved? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The U.S. thought that Iraq had ‘weapons of mass destruction’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The U.S. thought that there was a connection between Osama bin Laden and Saddam Hussein </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The U.S. does not find either of these things. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 21. Main Issues in Iraq Since 2003 <ul><li>Saddam Hussein? </li></ul><ul><li>Government? </li></ul><ul><li>Security? (p23) </li></ul><ul><li>Economy? </li></ul><ul><li>Funding? (p24) </li></ul><ul><li>Troop Withdrawal (Dec. 18, 2011)? </li></ul>

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