BuddhismBuddhism
I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism
A.A. In 563 B.C. Prince Siddhartha GautamaIn 563 B.C. Prince Siddhartha Gauta...
I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism
C.C. Despite his father’s efforts SiddharthaDespite his father’s efforts Sidd...
I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism
E.E. Siddhartha triesSiddhartha tries
many differentmany different
techniques...
I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism
F.F. Eventually while sittingEventually while sitting
under the Bodhi tree,un...
I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism
G. Siddhartha is really the 24G. Siddhartha is really the 24thth
reincarnatio...
II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha
A. Wheel of Dharma – all human beings areA. Wheel of Dharma – all human bei...
II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha
B.B. The 4 Noble TruthsThe 4 Noble Truths
1.1. The Noble Truth of Suffering...
II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha
B.B. The 4 Noble TruthsThe 4 Noble Truths
3.3. The Noble Truth of the End o...
II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha
C. The Eightfold Path/Wheel of LawC. The Eightfold Path/Wheel of Law
Right ...
II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha
D. The 5 Precepts – They are notD. The 5 Precepts – They are not
commandmen...
II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha
E.E. The Goal/ Purpose of BuddhismThe Goal/ Purpose of Buddhism
-The goal o...
III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment
A.A. Reincarnation – the constant cycle of theReincarnation – the constant cycle of t...
III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment
B. Karma – the essenceB. Karma – the essence
of yourselfof yourself
–– can be good or...
III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment
C. Nirvana (‘extinguishing’)– a state of mind,C. Nirvana (‘extinguishing’)– a state o...
III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment
D.D. Meditation – focusing ones thoughts toMeditation – focusing ones thoughts to
inf...
Mandala – used to focus duringMandala – used to focus during
meditationmeditation
Sand MandalaSand Mandala
• A man was in a small town for the day,A man was in a small town for the day,
and needed a haircut. He noticed thatand ne...
• A farmer was going to town with a fox, aA farmer was going to town with a fox, a
goose and a sack of corn. When he cameg...
• A man had twelve toothpicks in front ofA man had twelve toothpicks in front of
him. He took one away. Now he had ninehim...
III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment
E. BodhisattvaE. Bodhisattva
1. An enlightened1. An enlightened
being who choosesbein...
III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment
D.D. BodhisattvasBodhisattvas
2. Bodhisattvas are seen as2. Bodhisattvas are seen as
...
Reaching NirvanaReaching Nirvana
1.1. Realm of DesireRealm of Desire
-innumerable hells, animals, humans, lesser-innumerab...
Buddhism vs. ChristianityBuddhism vs. Christianity
– The Prodigal Son– The Prodigal Son
• CharactersCharacters
• Meaning o...
IV. Other Basic BuddhistIV. Other Basic Buddhist
BeliefsBeliefs
• SalvationSalvation
• AfterlifeAfterlife
• CreationCreati...
Tipitaka – Buddhist ScripturesTipitaka – Buddhist Scriptures
• Literally means “basket of law”Literally means “basket of l...
Buddhist ‘Salvation’Buddhist ‘Salvation’
• ‘‘Salvation’ is up to the individual – youSalvation’ is up to the individual – ...
Buddhist view of CreationBuddhist view of Creation
• There is no all powerful creator god. TheThere is no all powerful cre...
Buddhist view of the end timesBuddhist view of the end times
• Usually seen as coinciding with theUsually seen as coincidi...
StupaStupa
MudraMudra
Lotus FlowerLotus Flower
Bodhi TreeBodhi Tree
Wheel of LawWheel of Law
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
Buddhism
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Buddhism

  1. 1. BuddhismBuddhism
  2. 2. I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism A.A. In 563 B.C. Prince Siddhartha GautamaIn 563 B.C. Prince Siddhartha Gautama was born and it was foretold that he hadwas born and it was foretold that he had two possible futures.two possible futures. 1. He would unite India and be it ruler1. He would unite India and be it ruler 2. He would be a great spiritual leader2. He would be a great spiritual leader B. Siddhartha’s Father wished him toB. Siddhartha’s Father wished him to become the ruler of India so he tried tobecome the ruler of India so he tried to hide him from all evil.hide him from all evil.
  3. 3. I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism C.C. Despite his father’s efforts SiddharthaDespite his father’s efforts Siddhartha eventually discovers an elderly man,eventually discovers an elderly man, someone sick with disease, and asomeone sick with disease, and a corpse.corpse. D. Siddhartha decides to leave his home toD. Siddhartha decides to leave his home to find an end to all suffering in the world.find an end to all suffering in the world.
  4. 4. I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism E.E. Siddhartha triesSiddhartha tries many differentmany different techniques to endtechniques to end suffering includingsuffering including yoga andyoga and asceticism.asceticism.
  5. 5. I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism F.F. Eventually while sittingEventually while sitting under the Bodhi tree,under the Bodhi tree, and resisting theand resisting the temptations of the eviltemptations of the evil god Mara, Siddharthagod Mara, Siddhartha discovers the end todiscovers the end to suffering, reaches thesuffering, reaches the stage of enlightenment,stage of enlightenment, and becomes theand becomes the reincarnation ofreincarnation of Buddha.Buddha.
  6. 6. I. History of BuddhismI. History of Buddhism G. Siddhartha is really the 24G. Siddhartha is really the 24thth reincarnationreincarnation of Buddha, but none of the otherof Buddha, but none of the other reincarnations of Buddha (Thereincarnations of Buddha (The Enlightened One) have been during theEnlightened One) have been during the history of man.history of man.
  7. 7. II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha A. Wheel of Dharma – all human beings areA. Wheel of Dharma – all human beings are caught in cycle of life and death which iscaught in cycle of life and death which is based on their moral behavior (dharma)based on their moral behavior (dharma)
  8. 8. II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha B.B. The 4 Noble TruthsThe 4 Noble Truths 1.1. The Noble Truth of SufferingThe Noble Truth of Suffering -life is full of suffering, pleasure is only-life is full of suffering, pleasure is only temporarytemporary 2.2. The Noble Truth of the Cause ofThe Noble Truth of the Cause of SufferingSuffering -suffering exists because of desire,-suffering exists because of desire, which is never satisfiedwhich is never satisfied
  9. 9. II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha B.B. The 4 Noble TruthsThe 4 Noble Truths 3.3. The Noble Truth of the End of SufferingThe Noble Truth of the End of Suffering -it is possible to end suffering if you are aware-it is possible to end suffering if you are aware of your desires and put an end to themof your desires and put an end to them 4.4. The Noble Truth of the PathThe Noble Truth of the Path -By changing your thought and behavior (the-By changing your thought and behavior (the Eightfold Path) you can reach a newEightfold Path) you can reach a new awakening.awakening.
  10. 10. II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha C. The Eightfold Path/Wheel of LawC. The Eightfold Path/Wheel of Law Right Understanding Right Speech Right Livelihood Right Concentration Right Awareness Right Effort Right Action Right Thought
  11. 11. II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha D. The 5 Precepts – They are notD. The 5 Precepts – They are not commandments but vows to ensure rightcommandments but vows to ensure right behavior.behavior. 1. Do not harm any living thing.1. Do not harm any living thing. 2. Do not steal. Take only what is given.2. Do not steal. Take only what is given. 3. Avoid over-stimulation.3. Avoid over-stimulation. 4. Do not say unkind things.4. Do not say unkind things. 5. Do not take alcohol or drugs.5. Do not take alcohol or drugs.
  12. 12. II. Teachings of BuddhaII. Teachings of Buddha E.E. The Goal/ Purpose of BuddhismThe Goal/ Purpose of Buddhism -The goal of Buddhism is to end all-The goal of Buddhism is to end all suffering, reach enlightenment, and entersuffering, reach enlightenment, and enter into nirvana.into nirvana.
  13. 13. III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment A.A. Reincarnation – the constant cycle of theReincarnation – the constant cycle of the ‘soul’ through birth, life, and death.‘soul’ through birth, life, and death. -your next stage of reincarnation-your next stage of reincarnation depends on your actions in your previousdepends on your actions in your previous life (Your Karma)life (Your Karma)
  14. 14. III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment B. Karma – the essenceB. Karma – the essence of yourselfof yourself –– can be good or badcan be good or bad - this is what- this is what determines your nextdetermines your next stagestage - ‘what goes around- ‘what goes around comes around’comes around’
  15. 15. III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment C. Nirvana (‘extinguishing’)– a state of mind,C. Nirvana (‘extinguishing’)– a state of mind, eternal bliss, which finally ends the cycle ofeternal bliss, which finally ends the cycle of reincarnationreincarnation
  16. 16. III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment D.D. Meditation – focusing ones thoughts toMeditation – focusing ones thoughts to influence behavior and actionsinfluence behavior and actions –– it is how one reaches enlightenment.it is how one reaches enlightenment. -Once one is enlightened one can-Once one is enlightened one can enter nirvana upon death.enter nirvana upon death.
  17. 17. Mandala – used to focus duringMandala – used to focus during meditationmeditation Sand MandalaSand Mandala
  18. 18. • A man was in a small town for the day,A man was in a small town for the day, and needed a haircut. He noticed thatand needed a haircut. He noticed that there were only two barbers in town, andthere were only two barbers in town, and decided to apply a bit of logical deductiondecided to apply a bit of logical deduction to choosing the best one. Looking at theirto choosing the best one. Looking at their shops, he saw that the first one was veryshops, he saw that the first one was very neat and the barber was clean shavenneat and the barber was clean shaven with a nice haircut. The other shop was awith a nice haircut. The other shop was a mess, and the barber there needed amess, and the barber there needed a shave and had a bad haircut besides.shave and had a bad haircut besides. Why did the man choose to go to theWhy did the man choose to go to the messy barber?messy barber?
  19. 19. • A farmer was going to town with a fox, aA farmer was going to town with a fox, a goose and a sack of corn. When he camegoose and a sack of corn. When he came to a stream, he had to cross in a tiny boat,to a stream, he had to cross in a tiny boat, and could only take across one thing at aand could only take across one thing at a time. However, if he left the fox alone withtime. However, if he left the fox alone with the goose, the fox would eat the goose,the goose, the fox would eat the goose, and if he left the goose alone with theand if he left the goose alone with the corn, the goose would eat the corn. Howcorn, the goose would eat the corn. How does he get them all safely over thedoes he get them all safely over the stream?stream?
  20. 20. • A man had twelve toothpicks in front ofA man had twelve toothpicks in front of him. He took one away. Now he had ninehim. He took one away. Now he had nine in front of him. How is this possible?in front of him. How is this possible? • A man once kept a goose in a bottle. TheA man once kept a goose in a bottle. The goose grew larger until it could notgoose grew larger until it could not escape. The man, not wishing to harm theescape. The man, not wishing to harm the goose, could not break the bottle. Howgoose, could not break the bottle. How would you remove the goose?would you remove the goose?
  21. 21. III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment E. BodhisattvaE. Bodhisattva 1. An enlightened1. An enlightened being who choosesbeing who chooses to forgo nirvana into forgo nirvana in order to help othersorder to help others becomebecome enlightened.enlightened. Bodhisattva of Compassion Avalokitesvara Bodhisattva
  22. 22. III. EnlightenmentIII. Enlightenment D.D. BodhisattvasBodhisattvas 2. Bodhisattvas are seen as2. Bodhisattvas are seen as reincarnations of differentreincarnations of different aspects/characteristics of Buddha (likeaspects/characteristics of Buddha (like compassion, wisdom, patience…).compassion, wisdom, patience…).
  23. 23. Reaching NirvanaReaching Nirvana 1.1. Realm of DesireRealm of Desire -innumerable hells, animals, humans, lesser-innumerable hells, animals, humans, lesser gods, a few paradisesgods, a few paradises 2.2. Realm of FormRealm of Form -no taste, touch or smell-no taste, touch or smell -use hearing, sight, and mental impressions-use hearing, sight, and mental impressions - 16-18 heavens- 16-18 heavens 3.3. Realm of Non-FormRealm of Non-Form -4 heavens-4 heavens -No sight, no hearing-No sight, no hearing 4.4. NirvanaNirvana
  24. 24. Buddhism vs. ChristianityBuddhism vs. Christianity – The Prodigal Son– The Prodigal Son • CharactersCharacters • Meaning of the son’s departure from homeMeaning of the son’s departure from home • The son’s miserable conditionThe son’s miserable condition • The son’s decision to return homeThe son’s decision to return home • Father’s attitude toward the son’s returnFather’s attitude toward the son’s return • Who pays for the damage of the lost fortuneWho pays for the damage of the lost fortune
  25. 25. IV. Other Basic BuddhistIV. Other Basic Buddhist BeliefsBeliefs • SalvationSalvation • AfterlifeAfterlife • CreationCreation • End timesEnd times • GodsGods • TipitakaTipitaka • SymbolsSymbols • StupaStupa • MudraMudra
  26. 26. Tipitaka – Buddhist ScripturesTipitaka – Buddhist Scriptures • Literally means “basket of law”Literally means “basket of law” • Has three partsHas three parts 1. laws governing monks1. laws governing monks 2. teachings of Buddha2. teachings of Buddha 3. commentary on Buddha’s teachings3. commentary on Buddha’s teachings
  27. 27. Buddhist ‘Salvation’Buddhist ‘Salvation’ • ‘‘Salvation’ is up to the individual – youSalvation’ is up to the individual – you make your own karmamake your own karma
  28. 28. Buddhist view of CreationBuddhist view of Creation • There is no all powerful creator god. TheThere is no all powerful creator god. The universe has always existed but it is notuniverse has always existed but it is not permanent.permanent.
  29. 29. Buddhist view of the end timesBuddhist view of the end times • Usually seen as coinciding with theUsually seen as coinciding with the coming of the 25coming of the 25thth Buddha. But this worldBuddha. But this world will only be reincarnated into a new world.will only be reincarnated into a new world.
  30. 30. StupaStupa
  31. 31. MudraMudra
  32. 32. Lotus FlowerLotus Flower
  33. 33. Bodhi TreeBodhi Tree
  34. 34. Wheel of LawWheel of Law
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