Apostolic succession


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A brief review of apostolic succession

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  • Get Behind Me Satan– Jesus can talk SMACK and lay the lumber on the fools when he wants to!
  • I consider this the most important and climactic spot in the bible
  • Offsets the three denials---3 different uses of the word love---only the last one does the lover word get repeated correctly
  • p44
  • Apostolic succession

    1. 1. Apostolic Succession Foundation of Church Authority
    2. 2. The Inner Circle (Transfiguration, Major Miracles Garden of Gethsemane, etc.) Peter Who were they? brothers “Sons of Thunder”, possibly cousins of Jesus John James
    3. 3. John • followed Jesus after His arrest to the foot of the Cross • Jesus entrusted him to care for His mother • First of Apostles to witness Resurrection “the one Jesus loved”
    4. 4. James • fisherman • “thunderous” temper? • first martyred Apostle 44 A.D. (tradition claims he was cheerfully and eagerly martyred)
    5. 5. Peter- Is this Man Qualified to Lead the Church? • walked on water (almost) • Jesus’ predicts His death “get behind me Satan” • wash Jesus’ feet incident • fell asleep in the Garden • hastily cutting off ear of priest servant • denied Jesus 3 times before rooster crowed
    6. 6. Peter’s Appointment Jesus asked, "Who do you say I am?"  Simon Peter answered, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.“  Jesus replied, "Blessed are you, Simon, for this was not revealed to you by man, but by my Father in heaven. And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. Mt 16: 15-19
    7. 7. 1. Jesus: "Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?" Peter: "Yes, Lord, you know t that I love you.“ Jesus: "Feed my lambs." 2. Jesus: "Simon, son of John, do you love me?" Peter: "Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.“ Jesus: "Tend my sheep." 3. Jesus: "Simon, son of John, do you love me?" Peter (distressed): "Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you." Jesus said to him, "Feed my sheep”. John 21:15- 19 Peter’s “Ordination” Sounds good!…But!...
    8. 8. Jesus: “Amen, amen, I say to you…when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands, and someone …will lead you where you do not want to go."
    9. 9. “Upon this Rock I will build my Church” Matthew 16:18
    10. 10. St. Peter's Basilica Vatican City
    11. 11. Christmas Mass 2008 St. Peter’s Basilica
    12. 12. Peter Appointed a Successor Before He Died St. Linus, the 2nd pope
    13. 13. Early Church Persecution Martyrdom of Pope Clement I
    14. 14. Emperor Constantine legalized Christianity 313 A.D. Attributed to prayers of his mother St. Helena Played an important role in collecting artifacts and establishing church buildings
    15. 15. They had collections of writings including Scripture but Apostolic Tradition ruled the day, The Holy Bible as we know it today came still later…! Constantine Formed the Council of Nicea 325 AD
    16. 16. Nicene Creed
    17. 17. Councils of Laodicea, Rome, Hippo and Carthage • OT Hebrew Canon established in the 2nd Century • Ephesians, Philippians and Romans were originally excluded • NT Christian Canon established between the 3rd and 5th century
    18. 18. Hand copying and making a bible would take a monk working full time 10-20 years “burning the midnight oil”
    19. 19. clerical/ political election (Popes and Anti-Popes) The Church as an Unbroken Chain Peter Linus ~30 Popes (reigning under persecution/martyrdom) Clement Emperor Constantine 313 A.D.
    20. 20. Priests Bishops College of Cardinals Pope Bishops ordination
    21. 21. Apostolic Disconnection Eastern Orthodox c.1000 A.D. Lutherans 1517 Anglicans 1534 Presbyterians 1534 Baptists 1605 Episcopalians, 1600s. Methodists, 1744. Mormons (Latter Day Saints), 1829. Salvation Army, 1865. Pentecostals, 1900s. Restorationist, 1900s.
    22. 22. You are also at the end of this chain! • Holy Communion • Confirmation Priests/Bishops provide these sacraments to us as they act in persona Christi when ordained by the authority of Apostolic Succession
    23. 23. Andrew: Eastern & Russian Orthodox Mark: Greek Orthodox Bartholomew/Jude: Armenian Apostolic Church Thomas: Syrian/Indian Philip: Ethiopian Orthodox Church James the Lesser: Greek Orthodox of Jerusalem Mark: Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria Barnabas: Orthodox Church of Cyprus Apostolic Succession working in the Orthodox part of the Church “Valid Holy Orders/in Full Communion”
    24. 24. The Apostolic Mission Unite the Church as one catholic faith
    25. 25. The End