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Self management paper

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  • 1. Steve Sparks Psy 671 8/12/10
  • 2. The Six Steps of Behavioral Systems Analysis Analyze the natural contingencies About a year ago I lost my dental insurance and since then I have been trying to floss more often. Unfortunately each instance of flossing only improves my dental health infinitesimally so the outcome is too small to control my behavior. The operant level of my flossing behavior was three days per week. Operant level: the frequency of responding before reinforcement. Real cause of poor self management: Poor self-management results from poor control by rules describing outcomes that are either too small (though often of cumulative significance) or too improbable. The delay isn’t crucial. Ineffective Natural Contingency After Before Behavior Infinitesimally Given level of I floss once better dental dental health health Natural contingency: A contingency that occurs in nature and was not designed by a performance manger to control behavior. There are many possible natural competing contingencies but since I always floss at night, usually I am really tired and want to jump into bed as soon as possible. Effective Natural Competing Contingency Before After Behavior Given time to Slightly less time sleep I floss once to sleep
  • 3. Specify the performance objectives To increase my dental health I believe I need to be flossing at least once a day. Design an intervention I signed a performance contract with my friend Tim that I have to pay him a dollar for every day I don’t floss. To prove to him that I did floss I have to send him a picture mail of the dirty used floss, a built in reinforcement contingency. Three Contingency Model of Performance Management Ineffective Natural Contingency Before After Behavior Given level of Infinitesimally dental health I floss once better dental health Performance-Management Contingency Before Behavior After I will owe Tim $1 I won’t owe Tim on Sunday I floss once $1 on Sunday Inferred Direct-acting Contingency Before Behavior After I fear the loss of I don’t fear the loss $1 I floss once of $1 This performance management contingency is an indirect-acting analog to avoidance of the loss of a reinforcer. Avoidance-of-loss contingency: The response contingent prevention of the loss of a reinforcer resulting in an increased frequency of that response.
  • 4. Implement the intervention During baseline I flossed three times that week, my intervention was implemented on June 21st 2010. Evaluate the intervention The first two weeks I did not meet my goal but after that I have been almost perfect only missing one day. Goal Recycle through the previous steps until you reach your objectives So far I have not needed to recycle but if I start to slip I may have to switch performance managers to my roommate so he can actually witness my flossing.