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10. two factor theory job aid

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  • 1. Two-Factor Theory of Avoidance Job Aid 1 Definition: The Two-Factor Theory of AvoidanceOk, I know that this definition is a mouthful The warning stimulus becomes and it really sounds like a lot of blah… a learned aversive stimulus, through pairing with the original aversive stimulus, blah…blah. But relax! and the so-called avoidance response is really reinforced by the contingent termination of the warning stimulus, not by the avoidance of the original aversive stimulus. By breaking it down a little you can better understand what you are really saying on those fantastic quizzes! The warning stimulus becomes a learned aversive stimulus, through pairing with the original aversive stimulus, Means: When a stimulus occurs before something aversive, it becomes aversive too. Thus, you associate that stimulus, with the aversive situation. and the so-called avoidance response Means: You respond to avoid the aversive situation. But… is really reinforced by the contingent termination of the warning stimulus, not by the avoidance of the original aversive stimulus. Means: What you are really avoiding is the stimulus that is associated with that aversive situation.1 This job aid was created by Jamie Flynn as part of her honors thesis
  • 2. Neutral Stimulus Unconditioned StimulusExample: Pairing Procedure Sight of gas gauge Car Stalls On empty Behavior Before AfterExample: Escape contingency Sight of gas Put gas in No sight of gauge on car gas Gauge empty on empty Behavior Before After Put gas inExample: Avoidance contingency Car will stall Car won’t car in 5 sec stall in 5 sec Before After Escape No sight of Sight of the Behavior Gas gauge Gas gauge on emptyTwo- Factor Theory of Avoidance on empty Put gas in car Car won’t Car will stall stall in in 5 sec 5 sec AvoidanceApplicable Definitions:*Escape Contingency*Avoidance Contingency*Value Altering Procedure*Two-Factor Theory of Avoidance*Warning Stimulus*Pairing Procedure