KWAME NKRUMAH UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND
COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES
RURAL SOCIOLOGY (AGEC 254)
NAME: Samwini Cephas Joshua Beujung
INDEX NUMBER: 9842106
THE USE OF COMPUTER IN HORTICULTURAL
PRODUCTION AT BOADI
Samwini Cephas Joshua Beujung1
Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology
Faculty of Agriculture
Computers are nowadays used in every aspect of life: they are used to type documents, to store large
amounts of data for which large numbers of books would have been used, they are used to record,
keep, and track financial information, to make every very complex calculations. They are also used to
communicate in the recent innovation called the internet. Leisure-wise they can be used to play games
and music and to watch movies.
Computers are now used in almost every sphere of life. And very importantly in the production sector:
be it the production of food or equipment. Computers have been used to automate processes that
initially were done manually with one or more people.
This research seeks to find out from vegetable growers at Boadi their knowledge of computers, whether
they are computer literate and how they use computer to enhance their productivity on their farms.
Elsewhere in the highly developed countries computers are used to control such operations as
irrigation, in keeping farm inventories and other important financial records. This research was to
ascertain the knowledge of farmers in the stated part of Kumasi have about computers and whether
those farmers who are computer literate employ the use of computers in their production.
Boadi is suburb of Kumasi along the Accra-Kumasi it is located between the Tech junction and Ejisu;
moving towards Accra it is off the main road to the right at the round about before the Anwomaso
junction. It is not particularly a major agricultural area but having a number of streams passing through
the town some people find favourable conditions to undertake vegetable production near these streams.
A questionnaire of 12 questions was used to interview the farmers to obtain the information in this
study. The farmers were very cooperative and gave all the information requested from them.
A large number of these farmers had little or no formal education. These constitute about 85% of all the
farmers involved in the study.
The result of the study are summarized as follows after which there is a tabular summary.
Out of twenty farmers interviewed during the research, only three of them had had some formal
education and out of the three two could use the computer with supervision but not on their own. None
of those who had not been to school could use the computer. All the farmers had heard about the
computer but only fourteen had seen it and knew some of the things computers can do. Three of them
had access to computers at home which were mostly used by their children and finally none of them
applied computer in their production eventhough one of them was aware of the potential of the
computer to enhance the efficiency of their production.
Formal Have heard Know what Have access Have used Apply
education about computers to computers computers computers to
computer can do before their
Number 3 20 14 3 2 0
There should be some form of education to the at the district level on how computers can be used to
enhance their productivity in keeping inventories, financial records, searching for information on the
internet, how to access research results in their fields of practice advancements in equipment, to market
their produce over the internet, labeling and branding their produce to make them presentable on the
market among many others thing which are made possible by computers.
In these modern days in our globalized world our farmers face competition not only from within from
farmers here in Ghana, they also have stern competition from farmers in the advanced countries who
import their produce to us and sell them at prices much cheaper than those from our local farmers.
It is therefore necessary for our farmers to be taught such technologies to enhance their efficiency and
to beat down production casts in the long run.
Legacy J, Stitt T, Reneau F, (1984) Microcomputing in Agriculture, Reston Publishing
Henry L, Kyna E,(1997) The Farmer’s Guide to the Internet, TVA rural Studies