WWII in Europe


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WWII in Europe

  1. 1.     Hitler invaded Poland in Sept. 1939. Britain and France had pledged to help Poland and declared war on Germany. World War II begins! August 1939 – NaziSoviet Pact signed, pledging not to attack each other.
  2. 2.  Hitler’s decision to invade the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941 violates the Nazi-Soviet Pact signed in 1939.   War is now being fought in Eastern and Western Europe Stalin (Soviet Union) wanted a second front to open up in France (occupied by Germany), as Great Britain opened up a front in N. Africa and Italy  Soviets were alone fighting in Eastern Europe and barely were able to fight off Germans
  3. 3.  Allies defeated the German and Italian forces in N. Africa and Italy by 1943   Soviet Red Army was barely able to defend against Germany in Europe Allied forces plan an invasion of Nazi-occupied France in the fall 1943 Strategy was to make an amphibious (by land and sea) attack on the Normandy coast in N. France  60 mile stretch of beaches  Code name: Operation Overlord  Supreme Commander: General Dwight D. Eisenhower (U.S.) 
  4. 4. Eisenhower
  5. 5.  How does deception help the Allies fool the Nazis in preparation for D-Day?
  6. 6.  Allies prepared by sending supplies and soldiers to Great Britain    2 million soldiers Thousands of airplanes, ships, and tanks On June 6, 1944 the Allies stormed the Germandefensed beaches of Normandy  150,000 soldiers, 1,500 tanks, 5,300 ships, and 12,000 aircraft
  7. 7.  3 types of attacks Aircraft steadily bombed from sky  Ships offshore fired at German defense  24,000 airborne troops parachuted behind enemy lines to give them no escape   German leaders were surprised by the date and location of the Normandy invasion   Allied hoax (trick) led them to believe a different location Allies crossing the sea/beach almost ruined the attack Troops were easy targets running on the beach  Hidden land mines almost the beach dangerous 
  8. 8.  Do you think it was heroism or technology of the Allies benefited them at D-Day? Explain you choice.
  9. 9.   D-Day lasted from June 6th to July 25 Allies continued to march to Paris to free France   Hitler was forced to now fight on 2 fronts     Belgium was liberated next Allies slowly marched to Germany in the west Soviets crushed Germans in Poland Germans lost 1.3 million soldiers between June and September Aircrafts bombed German supply lines and cut off their reinforcements
  10. 10.  Hitler made a last ditch effort at the Battle of the Bulge in December 1944   Outnumbered, American troops held the Germans off for 8 days without reinforcements   Tried to attack the weak point in the Allied defense 200,000 reinforcements arrived and were able to drive the Germans back After the German defeat, Allied troops crossed the Rhine River and General Bradley pushed troops for the final offensive
  11. 11.    By March of 1945, Soviets were 35 miles from Hitler’s headquarters and Allies were 200 miles away The “Big Three” met in Yalta to discuss the terms of surrender in February 1945 Soviets start their assault on Berlin on April of 1945  American and British forces arrive on the 25th
  12. 12.  Hitler was forced to go into hiding in his bunker   Married his lover Eva Braun on April 29   Knew that he was defeated Both committed suicide within 40 hours after wedding Hitler’s instructed soldiers to burn their bodies and bury the ashes in their garden
  13. 13.    Hitler’s successor (Admiral Karl Donitz) signed a document declaring surrender on May 7, 1945 Americans army units were the first to liberate the camps Many could not erase the true horror they saw at Nazi death camps 6 million Jews were killed (2/3 of the Jews in Europe)  Prisoners looked like skeletons due to starvation  Eisenhower stated, “I want every unit to see this place. Now he knows what he is fighting against.” 
  14. 14.  How would you feel as a soldier being able to see the horror and freeing the Jews from the concentration camps?
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