Modern leaders list bio

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Influential Americans/Entrepreneurs in the Modern Day

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Modern leaders list bio

  1. 1. Bill Gates(1955- ) Bill Gates,is an American business magnate, investor, programmer, inventor, and philanthropist. became interested in computers at an early age. Gates is the former chief executive and current chairman of Microsoft, the world’s largest personal-computer software company. While studying at Harvard, during the early days of personal computers, he created the MS- DOS system. In 1980 he sold the contract to IBM. Gates profited greatly from his relationship with IBM and their sales of his operating system. The Windows program was more user-friendly than other programs and led to the rapid expansion of personal computer ownership. Gates is consistently ranked in the Forbes list of the world’s wealthiest people. He is one of the best-know entrepreneurs of the personal computer revolution. Gates and his wife, Melinda Gates, established the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to pursue a number of philanthropic endeavors, donating large amounts of money to various charitable organizations and scientific research.
  2. 2. Sam Walton (1918-1992) Sam Walton was an American businessman and entrepreneur born in Kingfisher, Oklahoma best known for founding the retailers Walmart and Sam's Club. Born in Oklahoma in1918, Walton attended the University of Missouri where he studied economics. Following graduation, he gained retail experience working for JC Penney’s. He went on to open a small variety store, Walton’s Five and Dime in Bentonville, Arkansas, before he branched out and created today’s Wal-Mart stores. Walton was successful in his business because he made an effort to include his employees in the company by making sure that they understood the company’s goals and objectives. He led the way in developing new types of retail establishments such as membership warehouses (Sam’sClub) and supercenters where he combined grocery items with variety store merchandise. He encouraged his managers to invest and take an equity stake in the business, often as much as $1000 in their store, or the next outlet to open. This motivated the managers to sharpen their managerial skills and take ownership over their role in the business. Walton died in 1992. After his death, Walton was included in Time’s list of 100 most influential people of the 20th century. Walton was honored for his pioneering efforts in retail when he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President George H. Bush.
  3. 3. Estee Lauder (1908-2004) Estee Lauder was an American businesswoman and co-founder, along with her husband, Joseph Lauder, of Estée Lauder Companies. She was the only woman on Time magazine's 1998 list of the 20 most influential business geniuses of the 20th century. She was the recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. She was inducted to the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 1988. Lauder was born to immigrant parents who opened a hardware store in the United States. Here she learned to run a business.. She worked with her uncle, who was a chemist, to create a skin cream to help people look younger. Ms. Lauder built a global cosmetic company through dedication and hard work. She is credited with pioneering the marketing idea of receiving a gift with a purchase. She was notedfor saying, “Beauty is an attitude. There’s no secret... There are no ugly women— only women who don’t care or who don’t believe they are attractive”.
  4. 4. RobertJohnson (1946- ) Robert Johnson is an American businessman, media mogul, investor, and the founder of television network Black Entertainment Television (BET), and its former chairman and chief executive officer. He is the world's first black billionaire. He is also chairman and founder of RLJ Development and former majority owner of the Charlotte Bobcats, a National Basketball Association franchise. In 2001, Johnson became the first African American billionaire, and the first black person to be included in any of Forbes world's most rich listings. After graduating from Princeton University with a Master’s degree in Public Affairs, Johnson went to work as a lobbyist for the cable industry. Noticing that African American television audiences were largely ignored by the industry, he used his business connections to start BET. He later sold BET to Viacom in 2001. In recent years he has diversified hisinterests in the communication field. His holdings now include interest in professional sports teams and humanitarian efforts overseas.In 2007, Johnson organized a tour of African- American business leaders to Liberia. This trip led to the creation of the Liberia Enterprise Development Fund. He was inducted into Junior Achievement's U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 2008.
  5. 5. Lionel Sosa (1940-) Lionel Sosa is the founder of the largest Hispanic agency in the U.S. He saw the potential of the Hispanic market and identified this cultural group as an important target for advertising and politics. Sosa grew up in San Antonio, Texas, a child of immigrants. His father owned a laundry where he learned the value of hard work. In the 1960’s, his artistic ability gained him recognition, and he turned this talent into his own advertising agency. Sosa helped John Tower win his 1978 Senate re-election. This earned him respect as an expert of Hispanic issues and values. He has been Hispanic Media Consultant in Republican presidential campaigns since1980. Sosa was named one of the "25 most influential Hispanics in America" by Time Magazine and is a member of the Texas Business Hall of Fame.He is the author of "Think and Grow Rich: a Latino Choice" and several other publications encouraging Latinos to successfully compete and win. Lionel has served on the Board of Regents of The Texas A&M University System, the Board of Trustees for the University of the Incarnate Word, the Boards of Sesame Workshop, creators of Sesame Street, ACT (American College Testing) and the Public Broadcasting System. He chaired both the United Way of San Antonio and the San Antonio Symphony.
  6. 6. OprahWinfrey (1954- ) Oprah Winfrey is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist. She is best known for her multi-award-winning talk show “The Oprah Winfrey Show” which was the highest-rated program of its kind in history and was nationally syndicated from 1986 to 2011. She has been ranked as the richest African-American of the 20th century, the greatest black philanthropist in American history, and was for a time the world's only black billionaire. She is, according to some sources, the most influential woman in the world. Winfrey overcame a difficult childhood to land a job in radio that began her climb to international syndication. She is credited with creating a more intimate, conversational form of media communication. In 1988 she established a new production company, Harpo Productions. In 1993 Time Magazine named her one of the “100 Most Influential People of the 20 th Century.” In 1998 she received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences.In 2008 she announced that she would create a new broadcasting venture, the Oprah Winfrey Network, where she plans to host a variety of programs. Winfrey is often praised for overcoming adversity to become a benefactor to others.
  7. 7. SoniaSotomayor (1954- ) Sonia Sotomayor was appointed as anAssociate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States in August 2009 by President Barrack Obama. Sotomayor is the Court's first Hispanic justice, and its third female justice. Sotomayor grew up in a Bronx housing project where her mother worked to raise her and her brother following the death of her father. Her mother instilled the value and importance of education in Sonia. Justice Sotomayor graduated from Princeton University and earned her law degree from Yale. She was appointed a U. S District Court judge by President George H.W. Bush, and later a judge of theU.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit by President Bill Clinton. She maintains ties with Puerto Rico, visiting once or twice a year, speaking there occasionally, and visiting cousins and other relatives who still live in the Mayagüez area. She has long stressed her ethnic identity, saying, "Although I am an American, love my country and could achieve its opportunity of succeeding at anything I worked for, I also have a Latina soul and heart, with the magic that carries.
  8. 8. Hillary Clinton (1947- ) Hillary Clinton is an American politician and diplomat. She served as the 67th United States Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013, appointed by President Barack Obama. She served as a United States Senator representing New York from 2001 to 2009. As the wife of President Bill Clinton, she was the First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001. In the 2008 election, Clinton was a leading candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination. Clinton received her law degree from Yale University where she met her future husband, Bill Clinton. Bill Clinton served as Governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981 and from 1983 to 1992. As the First Lady of Arkansas, she championed health care and education. As the First Lady of the U. S., she continued her pursuit of health care reform. Throughout her tenure as Secretary of State, Clinton looked towards "smart power" as the strategy for asserting U.S. leadership and values; combining military strength with U.S. capacities in global economics, development aid, technology, creativity, and human rights advocacy. While she says she has no interest in running for president again, she left office with very high approval ratings. Polls indicate she is the overwhelming favorite among Democrats for the 2016 presidential election nomination.

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