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Overview of the hysteria known as McCarthyism

Overview of the hysteria known as McCarthyism

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  • 1. Dot Game 1. 2. 3. 4. How did you feel when you had or did not have a dot at the start? What methods did you use to determine who had a dot? What made you suspicious of those that were accused of being “dots”? How did you try to convince others you were not a “dot”?
  • 2. Cartoon  How would you summarize the message of the cartoon?  Elaborate on the reasons we should fear Communism in the United States.
  • 3. McCarthyism     Joseph McCarthy (Republican) – Senator from Wisconsin Running for re-election in 1950 and faced almost certain defeat. Needed a plan to promote his chance to win. Feb. 1950 – He made a speech in that he had 205 names that were members of the Communist Party AND they also worked in the State Department. House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) – made suspected Communists testify before the committee.
  • 4. Anti-Communist Sentiment in America       1950s – McCarthy hysteria (fear) filled American society. Membership in the Communist Party was made illegal in 1954. Texas wanted death penalty, if found guilty being a Communist. Teachers required to take “loyalty oaths” to keep their jobs. “Un-American” books were banned. Those labeled as Communists were “blacklisted” (lost jobs).
  • 5. Hollywood Ten   Film Industry came under attack by HUAC. “Hollywood blacklist” – actors, producers, writers, etc. could not work in the industry Refused to testify before the House UnAmerican Activities Committee (HUAC) and served 1 year in prison.
  • 6. The Rosenberg Trial   Americans, Julius & Ethel Rosenberg were spies accused of selling national secrets (atomic bomb) to the Soviet Union. Many Americans doubted their guilt because events in past, Sacco and Vanzetti trial.
  • 7. Spies punished!   The Rosenberg’s were found guilty of spying and put to death. Soviets were able to successful build larger atomic bombs due to their secrets given from spies.
  • 8. The Venona Papers  In 1997, U.S. released the Venona Papers.    Venona papers were top secret documents of the U.S during the 1950s created from U.S. decoding Soviet messages. Listed names of Soviet spies, including Rosenberg’s. Soviet agents had stolen information about our government, science, and military during Cold War.
  • 9. Venona Papers Video-Link  Describe how the Venona Papers an important part of our history?
  • 10. The End of McCarthyism      McCarthy made angry attacks for 4 years toward military generals, congressmen, and President Eisenhower. American public turns against him because no one was ever found guilty of being a communist. McCarthy is censured (disapproved of actions) by the Senate in 1954. Through HUAC hearing's, not a single conspirator (suspected Communist) was found guilty He dies in 1957.
  • 11. Final Questions on back of Notes.   5. How was the dot game similar to McCarthyism? 6. How as the dot game different than McCarthyism?