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How did you feel when you had or did not
have a dot at the start?
What methods did you use to determine who
had a dot?
What made you suspicious of those that were
accused of being “dots”?
How did you try to convince others you were
not a “dot”?
How would you summarize the message of
Elaborate on the reasons we should fear
Communism in the United States.
Joseph McCarthy (Republican) – Senator from
Running for re-election in 1950 and faced almost
certain defeat. Needed a plan to promote his chance
Feb. 1950 – He made a speech in that he had 205
names that were members of the Communist Party
AND they also worked in the State Department.
House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
– made suspected Communists testify before the
Anti-Communist Sentiment in America
1950s – McCarthy hysteria (fear) filled American
Membership in the Communist Party was made
illegal in 1954.
Texas wanted death penalty, if found guilty being a
Teachers required to take “loyalty oaths” to keep
“Un-American” books were banned.
Those labeled as Communists were “blacklisted”
Film Industry came under attack
by HUAC. “Hollywood
blacklist” – actors, producers,
writers, etc. could not work
in the industry
Refused to testify before the
House UnAmerican Activities
Committee (HUAC) and served
1 year in prison.
The Rosenberg Trial
Americans, Julius & Ethel
Rosenberg were spies
accused of selling
national secrets (atomic
bomb) to the Soviet
Many Americans doubted
their guilt because events
in past, Sacco and
The Rosenberg’s were
found guilty of spying
and put to death.
Soviets were able to
successful build larger
atomic bombs due to
their secrets given from
The Venona Papers
In 1997, U.S. released the Venona Papers.
Venona papers were top secret documents of the
U.S during the 1950s created from U.S. decoding
Listed names of Soviet spies, including
Soviet agents had stolen information about our
government, science, and military during Cold
Venona Papers Video-Link
Describe how the Venona Papers an
important part of our history?
The End of McCarthyism
McCarthy made angry attacks for 4 years toward
military generals, congressmen, and President
American public turns against him because no one
was ever found guilty of being a communist.
McCarthy is censured (disapproved of actions) by
the Senate in 1954.
Through HUAC hearing's, not a single conspirator
(suspected Communist) was found guilty
He dies in 1957.
Final Questions on back of Notes.
5. How was the dot game similar to
6. How as the dot game different than