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Presentation sna summer school

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    Presentation sna summer school Presentation sna summer school Presentation Transcript

    • Online Social Capital in Political Contexts: Does the ”Online” Make Any Difference SNA Summer School 20131 Javier Sajuria Department of Political Science Science University College London August 2013 1 Paper: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2224874 Slides: http://slidesha.re/17x6DeV
    • Research Question How does online social capital differ from offline social capital?
    • What is Social Capital? ”Social networks that operate under norms of trust and reciprocity, and able to mobilise resources and information. ”
    • Based on this definition, my doctoral research attempts to cover three dimensions of social capital: • Networks operating under norms of trust and reciprocity • Resources • Outcomes
    • ”Social Capital Dichotomies” • Individual vs. Collective • Network structure (brokerage and closure) • Offline and online → Internet as a research framework
    • Social Capital NetworkTheory (Burt 2005) • Closure: Tight groups → norms → trust Operationalisation: average clustering coefficient • Brokerage: bridges across structural holes → mobilise resources across the network Operationalisation: average network constraint index
    • Data and Methods • Occupy Research Project Datasets www.occupyresearch.net • #OWS • #OccupyWallStreet • #OccupyOakland • #OccupyBoston • #OccupyLondon • September/October 2011 to February 2012 • Twitter Streaming API (for a discussion on the representativeness of the streaming API, check Morstatter et al. 2013) • Social network analysis using gephi, R (igraph, rgexf)
    • Descriptive Statistics
    • Closure and Brokerage
    • Network Graphs Visualizations using OpenOrd algorithm
    • Concluding thoughts • Interplay between brokerage and closure seems consistent with theory • Closure is low → if there is social capital here, where is trust created? • Offline interactions → We can’t see where it is created • Bonding and Bridging Social Capital • Conceptual problem → there is no social capital here, just interactions with no trust • Utopian rhetoric • Network performance → if social capital is related with successful networks, then how can we assess it? • Another events/contexts/methods.
    • Thanks! @jsajuria http://www.ucl.ac.uk/spp/people/research-students/ javier-sajuria