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The North Carolina Colony
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  • 1. The North Carolina Colony
  • 2. Review
    • Sir Walter Raleigh claimed the land that is now North Carolina
    • Lane and White Colony
    • 1663 charter granted to 8 men who controlled Carolina territory
    • Colonists had same rights as citizens in England
  • 3. Early Carolina
    • Lord’s Proprietors had complete authority
    • Established gov’t, that had a governor, a council and an elected assembly
    • Colonists only elected assembly members
    • Governors often treated colonists harshly
  • 4. Culpeper Rebellion
    • Plantation Duty Act and Navigation Act of 1673, angered colonist they thought these were unfair taxes
    • 1677 John Culpeper and George Durant led a rebellion against governor and took control of colony
    • Culpeper traveled to England to convince proprietors a/b taxes and he was jailed for treason
  • 5. Proprietors Control Increases
    • Issued Fundamental Constitution of Carolina 1669
    • Increased power of political officials
    • Reduced power of elected and placed strict voting restrictions
    • Did not end rebellions
  • 6. Cary Rebellion
    • Quakers and Anglican Church struggled for control
    • Vestry Act of 1701 required all colonist to pay tax to Anglican church
    • Vestry Act of 1703 required all members to swear oath to the Queen
    • Quakers were forbidden from this oath and many colonist led by Thomas Cary refused to recognize the governor
    • Cary Rebellion divided colonist
    • Eventually arrested and charged with treason
  • 7. Two Separate Colonies
    • Rebellions, general unrest, and geographic size led to two separate colonies
    • 1712 kind decided to split large colony into North and South Carolina
  • 8. Early North Carolina
    • 1729 NC became royal colony
    • Most people lived in backcountry
    • Most became yeoman people who worked small farms and had no or few slaves
  • 9. NC Economy & Native Americans
    • Agriculture
    • Pine Forests used for ship building
    • Pitch and Tar used to secure ships
    • Problems arose as settlers moved west
    • New Bern in 1710 contributed to Tuscarora War
    • NA groups led by Tuscarora attacked colonists ended in 1713
    • Last major attempt for NA to stop European settlers
  • 10. North Carolina Expands
    • Population explodes from 1729 –1775 (30,000 to 265,000)
    • Immigration the major cause, Highland Scots and Scots-Irish where Protestant
    • Germans such as Moravians established themselves in NC
  • 11. Slavery and Indenture in NC
    • Plantations were in southern costal plain
    • Enslaved people made up 30% of NC’s population
    • Remember most people were yeoman
    • Not as many indentured servants as other colonies
    • 7 years service and then free
    • Had to be taught to read & write and a trade in NC