The North Carolina Colony

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The North Carolina Colony

  1. 1. The North Carolina Colony
  2. 2. Review <ul><li>Sir Walter Raleigh claimed the land that is now North Carolina </li></ul><ul><li>Lane and White Colony </li></ul><ul><li>1663 charter granted to 8 men who controlled Carolina territory </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists had same rights as citizens in England </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Carolina <ul><li>Lord’s Proprietors had complete authority </li></ul><ul><li>Established gov’t, that had a governor, a council and an elected assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists only elected assembly members </li></ul><ul><li>Governors often treated colonists harshly </li></ul>
  4. 4. Culpeper Rebellion <ul><li>Plantation Duty Act and Navigation Act of 1673, angered colonist they thought these were unfair taxes </li></ul><ul><li>1677 John Culpeper and George Durant led a rebellion against governor and took control of colony </li></ul><ul><li>Culpeper traveled to England to convince proprietors a/b taxes and he was jailed for treason </li></ul>
  5. 5. Proprietors Control Increases <ul><li>Issued Fundamental Constitution of Carolina 1669 </li></ul><ul><li>Increased power of political officials </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced power of elected and placed strict voting restrictions </li></ul><ul><li>Did not end rebellions </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cary Rebellion <ul><li>Quakers and Anglican Church struggled for control </li></ul><ul><li>Vestry Act of 1701 required all colonist to pay tax to Anglican church </li></ul><ul><li>Vestry Act of 1703 required all members to swear oath to the Queen </li></ul><ul><li>Quakers were forbidden from this oath and many colonist led by Thomas Cary refused to recognize the governor </li></ul><ul><li>Cary Rebellion divided colonist </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually arrested and charged with treason </li></ul>
  7. 7. Two Separate Colonies <ul><li>Rebellions, general unrest, and geographic size led to two separate colonies </li></ul><ul><li>1712 kind decided to split large colony into North and South Carolina </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early North Carolina <ul><li>1729 NC became royal colony </li></ul><ul><li>Most people lived in backcountry </li></ul><ul><li>Most became yeoman people who worked small farms and had no or few slaves </li></ul>
  9. 9. NC Economy & Native Americans <ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Pine Forests used for ship building </li></ul><ul><li>Pitch and Tar used to secure ships </li></ul><ul><li>Problems arose as settlers moved west </li></ul><ul><li>New Bern in 1710 contributed to Tuscarora War </li></ul><ul><li>NA groups led by Tuscarora attacked colonists ended in 1713 </li></ul><ul><li>Last major attempt for NA to stop European settlers </li></ul>
  10. 10. North Carolina Expands <ul><li>Population explodes from 1729 –1775 (30,000 to 265,000) </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration the major cause, Highland Scots and Scots-Irish where Protestant </li></ul><ul><li>Germans such as Moravians established themselves in NC </li></ul>
  11. 11. Slavery and Indenture in NC <ul><li>Plantations were in southern costal plain </li></ul><ul><li>Enslaved people made up 30% of NC’s population </li></ul><ul><li>Remember most people were yeoman </li></ul><ul><li>Not as many indentured servants as other colonies </li></ul><ul><li>7 years service and then free </li></ul><ul><li>Had to be taught to read & write and a trade in NC </li></ul>

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