Differences between northern and southern states: North South __________ economy industrial free __________ economy agricultural slave “ _____ states” “ _____ states”
What were the people who wanted to end slavery called? abolitionists
Who led a revolt against plantation owners in Virginia? Nat Turner
Who established a secret route to the North used by escaped slaves? Harriet Tubman This route was known as the “______________ _____________.” Underground Railroad
Who led a raid on the United States Armory at Harpers Ferry? John Brown He was trying to start a ______ rebellion. slave
After Abraham Lincoln became President of the United States in 1860, some southern states ____________. seceded What country did these southern states, including Virginia, form? Confederate States of America
The eastern counties of Virginia relied on slavery but the western counties favored abolition of slavery. What state did the western counties of Virginia form? West Virginia
What Virginia city was named the capital of the Confederacy? Richmond
Name the first major battle of the Civil War. Where was this battle fought? Manassas, Virginia Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson Battle of Bull Run Who played a major role in this battle and earned a nickname?
Lincoln used the Union navy to __________ the southern ports. blockade
Name the two ships that fought a battle in the Hampton Roads area of Virginia. Monitor and Merrimack What was special about this sea battle? It was the 1 st battle ever fought between two ironclad ships.
Name the city that fell to General Grant and was burned near the end of the war. Richmond
Where did the Civil War end? Appomattox Court House, Virginia Confederate General ________________ surrendered to Union General ___________________. Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant
What factors led General Lee to realize the southern cause was hopeless and he would have to surrender? The Confederates were running out of _____ and _________. The Union had captured ___________. Union soldiers surrounded Lee and his army at ________________________. Richmond Appomattox Court House men supplies
Name these Civil War places. Harper’s Ferry Washington, D.C. Manassas Richmond Appomattox Court House