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Ww1 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 1 91 4-1 91 8:Th e World at War By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley H. S. Chappaqua, NY
  • 2. Differing Viewpoints “Family Feud” “Fall of the Eagles” “The War to End All Wars” “The War to ‘Make the World Safe for Democracy’”
  • 3. C au s e s of th e War
  • 4. 1. The Alliance SystemTriple Entente: Triple Alliance:
  • 5. Two Armed Camps!Allied Powers: Central Powers:
  • 6. The Major Players: 1914-17 Allied Powers: Central Powers:Nicholas II [Rus] Wilhelm II [Ger] George V [Br] Victor Emmanuel II [It] Enver Pasha [Turkey] Pres. Poincare [Fr] Franz Josef [A-H]
  • 7. Europe in 1914
  • 8. 2. Militarism & Arms RaceTotal Defense Expenditures for the GreatPowers [Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus.] in millions of £s. 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914 94 130 154 268 289 398 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures France 10% Britain 13% Russia 39% Germany 73%
  • 9. 3. Economic & Imperial Rivalries
  • 10. 4. Aggressive Nationalism
  • 11. Pan-Slavism: The Balkans, 1914 The “Powder Keg” of Europe
  • 12. Th e“ S p ark
  • 13. Archduke Franz Ferdinand & His Family
  • 14. The Assassination: Sarajevo
  • 15. The Assassin: Gavrilo Princip
  • 16. Who’s To Blame?
  • 17. The Schlieffen Plan
  • 18. German Atrocities in Belgium
  • 19. Mobilization Home by Christmas! No major war in 50 years! Nationalism!Its a long way to Tipperary, Its a long way to go; Its a long way to Tipperary, To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye, Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square, Its a long, long way to Tipperary, But my hearts right there!
  • 20. Recruitment Posters
  • 21. A Young Australian Recruit
  • 22. Recruits of the Central Powers A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother Austro-Hungarians
  • 23. New French Recruits
  • 24. A German Boy Pretends to Be a Soldier
  • 25. Soldiers Mobilized 14 12 10Millions 8 6 4 2 0 France Germany Russia Britain
  • 26. Wom e nand th e War E ffort
  • 27. Financing the War
  • 28. For Recruitment
  • 29. Munitions Workers
  • 30. French Women Factory Workers
  • 31. German Women Factory Workers
  • 32. Working in the Fields
  • 33. A Woman Ambulance Driver
  • 34. Red Cross Nurses
  • 35. Women in the Army Auxiliary
  • 36. Russian Women Soldiers
  • 37. SpiesÌ “Mata Hari”Ì Real Name: Margareetha Geertruide ZelleÌ German Spy!
  • 38. Pos te rs : Wartim eP rop agand a
  • 39. Australian Poster
  • 40. American Poster
  • 41. Financing the War
  • 42. German Poster Think of Your Children!
  • 43. Th e We s te rn Front: A “ War of Attrition ”
  • 44. A Multi-Front War
  • 45. The Western Front
  • 46. Trench Warfare
  • 47. Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”
  • 48. Verdun – February, 1916 y German offensive. . Each side had 500,000 casualties.
  • 49. The Somme – July, 1916, 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.o Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.
  • 50. War Is H E L L !!
  • 51. Sacrifices in War
  • 52. Krupp’s “Big Bertha” Gun
  • 53. Th eE as te rn Front
  • 54. The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915
  • 55. Turkish Cavalry in Palestine
  • 56. T. E. Lawrence& the “Arab Revolt”, 1916-18
  • 57. T. E. Lawrence & PrinceFaisal at Versailles, 1918-19
  • 58. The Tsar with General Brusilov
  • 59. Th e“ C olonial ” Fronts
  • 60. Sikh British Soldiers in India
  • 61. Fighting in Africa Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen [German E. Africa] British SikhMountain Gunners
  • 62. Fighting in Africa3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade
  • 63. Fighting in Salonika, Greece French colonial marine infantry from Cochin, China - 1916
  • 64. Am e ric a Joins th e
  • 65. The Sinkingof the Lusitania
  • 66. The Zimmerman Telegram
  • 67. The YanksAre Coming!
  • 68. Americans in the Trenches
  • 69. Th e War of th e Ind u s trialR e volu tion: New Te ch nology
  • 70. French Renault Tank
  • 71. British Tank at Ypres
  • 72. U-Boats
  • 73. Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats
  • 74. The Airplane“Squadron Over the Brenta”Max Edler von Poosch, 1917
  • 75. The Flying Aces of World War I Eddie Francesco Eddie “Mick”Rickenbacher, US Barraco, It. Mannoch, Br. Rene Pauk Manfred vonWilly Coppens de Fonck, Fr. Richtoffen, Ger. Holthust, Belg. [The “Red Baron”]
  • 76. Curtis-MartinU. S. Aircraft Plant
  • 77. Looking for the “Red Baron?”
  • 78. The Zeppelin
  • 79. Flame Throwers GrenadeLaunchers
  • 80. Poison GasMachine Gun
  • 81. “ Art” ofWorld War I
  • 82. “A Street in Arras”John Singer Sargent, 1918
  • 83. “Oppy Wood” – John Nash, 1917
  • 84. “Those Who Have Lost Their Names” Albin Eggar-Linz, 1914
  • 85. “Gassed and Wounded”Eric Kennington, 1918
  • 86. “Paths of Glory”C. R. W. Nevinson, 1917
  • 87. German Cartoon:“Fit for active service!”, 1918
  • 88. 1918 Flu Pandemic: Depletes All Armies 50,000,000 –100,000,000 died
  • 89. 11 a.m., November 11, 1918 The Armistice is Signed!
  • 90. 9,000,000 Dead
  • 91. The Somme American Cemetary, France 116,516 Americans Died
  • 92. World War I Casualties10,000,000 9,000,000 Russia 8,000,000 Germany 7,000,000 Austria-Hungary 6,000,000 France 5,000,000 4,000,000 Great Britain 3,000,000 Italy 2,000,000 Turkey 1,000,000 US 0
  • 93. Turkish Genocide Against Armenians A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!
  • 94. Turkish Genocide Against Armenians Districts & Vilayets of Western 1914 1922 Armenia in Turkey Erzerum 215,000 1,500 Van 197,000 500 Kharbert 204,000 35,000 Diarbekir 124,000 3,000 Bitlis 220,000 56,000 Sivas 225,000 16,800       Other Armenian-populated Sites     in Turkey Western Anatolia 371,800 27,000 Cilicia and Northern Syria 309,000 70,000 European Turkey 194,000 163,000 Trapizond District 73,390 15,000 Total 2,133,190 387,800