The Knight and the 14th-Century Christian Warrior Jacob Seeloff Jovany Mondragon
KNIGHTSKnights are members of the warrior class of the Middle Ages in Europe who followed a code called “chivalry.” In the Hundred Years’ War, knightswere mainly mounted warriors in heavy cavalry.
KNIGHTS CONT.The first military orders of knighthood were the Knights Hospitalier founded at the First Crusade of 1099, followed by the Knights Templar in 1119. When they were founded, these knights would mostly just protect pilgrims, but as the Crusades went on, these orders became more powerful.
LIFE OF A KNIGHTThe training for knighthood usually began at a very early age. Normally, the potential knight would be sent to live with a relative or lord who had the resources to train the young boy in fighting and how to ride a horse.A knight-in-training would often start off as an assistant for an established knight.Once his training was completed and he reached 16-20 years old, he would become a full-fledged knight.
WEAPONS OF A KNIGHT The sword was astandard and very effective weapon for the knights.Lances were often used from horseback. Other weaponsused were the axe, mace, and war hammer.
A KNIGHT’S ARMOROne of the earliest metallic armor to be worn by knights was chainmail. Itconsisted of thousands of interlocking rings woven by hand to form shirts, coifs, or leggings.Underneath the metal armor, the knight would wear a padded garment.He would also carry a shield and wear a helmet for protection.
A KNIGHT’S ARMOR CONT. As more advanced weapons and armorwere made, chainmail armor became ineffective. It was replaced by plate armor. Plate armor was firstused to reinforce vitalareas such as the chest and shoulders until it was made into a complete suit.
TYPES OF KNIGHTHOODMilitary and monastic orders of knighthood were most commonly seen during the Crusades with orders such as the Knights Hospitalier, the Knights Templar, and the Teutonic Knights. After the Crusades, the military orders became romanticized. They were replaced by chivalric orders in 14 th and 15th Centuries. The creation of these orders were fashionable for lords and nobles. Edward III of England createdthe Order of the Garter in 1348, and Louis XI of France created the Order of Saint Michael in 1469.
KNIGHTS IN LITERATURE Knights and the ideals of knighthood were popular in medieval andRenaissance literature, securing a permanent place in romantic literature. Notable portrayals of knighthood in literature include: The Knight’s Tale by Geoffrey Chaucer. Le Morte d’Arthur by Sir Thomas Malory and many other Athurian tales.
WORKS CITEDhttp://www.heraldica.org/topics/orders/ordhist.htm http://www.knightsandarmor.com/index.htm