The Aim of a Documentary
The aim of any documentary is to report something that is real, with evidence.
Documentaries are made up of real life footage and reconstructions of events
and/or situations. This is done to contrast and question what the interviewee is
saying. They also include narration to anchor meaning, however most of the
time the narrator is not seen.
“What distinguishes a
documentary is the
portrayal of sound and
images of actuality.” (John
Documentaries can be based on the following; political, historical, social, cultural and
religious issues. All documentaries have to be based on fact, however real evidence is
sometimes unavailable so we use reconstructions of past events to demonstrate what
happened these reconstructions don‟t have to contain analysis some do, however some
The History of Documentaries
The documentary genre was been developed in the 1930‟s by John Grierson and his
team at the General Post Office.
In 1926 John Grierson came up with the term „Documentary‟
“The creativity of actuality”
John Grierson shot real people and real situations in a real