Ist 220 Network Based Solution Project

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  • Different tasks are being performed.Lights, heating and cooling systems, computer and other electronics.These things are all using energy, and there is no one way to monitor them all.Tasks are not performing as one.This makes them less efficient than they can be.They use more resources than needed.
  • Buildings are the top contributors of greenhouse gas emissions.Produce 41% of dangerous greenhouse gas emissions.Consume 71%of electricity produced in the U.S.U.S. energy consumption is double that of some European countries.
  • Ist 220 Network Based Solution Project

    1. 1. Energy Management Tool for BuildingsVisualizing a Green Tomorrow<br />IST220 : REDteam<br />Josh Wentz, Kim Klinikowski, Christopher Alvarado, <br />Marco DeLeonardis, Brendan Jann, & Jon Vettori<br />December 2, 2009<br />NETWORK BASED SOLUTION Semester Project<br />
    2. 2. REDteam<br />2<br />REDteam<br />
    3. 3. table of contents<br />REDteam<br />3<br />
    4. 4. introduction<br />Christopher Alvarado & Brendan Jann<br />4<br />REDteam<br />
    5. 5. introducing the problem<br />Society today focuses on conservation of the environment<br />Focus has mainly been on motor vehicles, human pollution, industrial waste, etc.<br />Cities produce mass amounts of greenhouse emissions as well<br />BUT not the people or power-plants...<br />The buildings themselves produce 41% of the dangerous greenhouse gasses in the U.S.<br /> They also consume 71% of electricity produced<br />5<br />[Energy Information Administration, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2008]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    6. 6. introducing the problem<br />Buildings today lack the ability to integrate information between energy demanding systems<br />Results in an inefficient use of energy<br />Added energy use creates added greenhouse gasses<br />Not eco-friendly or cost-effective<br />Technology today can enable us to successfully monitor all energy consumption to ensure maximum efficiency<br />Seamlessly integrate important energy consumption information<br />&quot;Energy Management Tool for Buildings&quot;<br />6<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    7. 7. problem analysis<br />Marco DeLeonardis<br />7<br />REDteam<br />
    8. 8. problems<br />Various systems within a building currently perform disconnected tasks instead of one holistic process<br />Buildings are the top contributors of greenhouse gas emissions affecting climate change<br />The general public is unaware of the massive amounts of energy that buildings consume daily<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />8<br />
    9. 9. 1: disconnected systems<br />Various systems within a building today are performing disconnected tasks rather than working together to achieve an efficient holistic process<br />CONNECTIVITY<br />INTEGRATION<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />9<br />
    10. 10. 1: disconnected systems<br />10<br />[Kevin Powell, GSA, 2009]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    11. 11. 1: disconnected systems<br />Tasks are not performing as one, thus creating inefficiencies<br />Lights, heating , and cooling systems, computer and other electronics all contribute<br />There is a lack of building information available to monitor this consumption<br />DISPARATE CONTROLS & PROTOCOLS<br />[http://www.atlas-solar.com/grid.asp]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />11<br />
    12. 12. 2: building pollution<br />FACT: Buildings are the top contributor of greenhouse gas emissions affecting climate change<br />[Energy Information Administration, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2008]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />12<br />
    13. 13. 3: public awareness<br />The public is unaware of how much energy they are consuming daily<br />This includes both business and domestic energy usage<br />“Only 7% of American voters identified buildings as the top contributor of greenhouse gas emissions.” <br />-Recent poll by American Institute of Architects<br />[http://www.aia.org/press/AIAS077318]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />13<br />
    14. 14. 3: public awareness<br /><ul><li>There is little to no information highlighting inefficient areas of concern within a building</li></ul>POTENTIAL AREAS OF INEFFICIENCIES<br />[http://www.sun-works.com/products/grid_tied/grid_tied.html]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />14<br />
    15. 15. network based solution analysis<br />Josh Wentz<br />15<br />REDteam<br />
    16. 16. conceptual solution<br />Network Infrastructure<br />Mediator Protocol Translator<br />User End software<br />16<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    17. 17. 1: network infrastructure<br />Transform power infrastructure into a networking infrastructure<br />UNDERLYING TECHNOLOGY: Packet switching, wi-fi, processors, sensors<br />Most existing metering devices do not have a NIC to connect a new wireless device to the network<br />Most buildings are not using new methods of transmitting information = wireless<br />17<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    18. 18. 1: network infrastructure<br />18<br />[http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080730/images/454570a-6.jpg]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    19. 19. 2: mediator protocol translator<br />Create a mediator (like a router in the IT world) that will translate all building protocols into one<br />UNDERLYING TECHNOLOGY: IP Protocol, multiplexing (share single transmission media), LAN<br />Most metering devices today all use proprietary protocol<br />Will allow information to be comparable<br />19<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    20. 20. 2: mediator protocol translator<br />20<br />CISCO MEDIATOR<br />[Ed Richards, Cisco, 2009]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    21. 21. 2: mediator protocol translator<br />21<br />TRANSLATES ALL PROPRIETARY BUILDING PROTOCOLS<br />[Alexis Ringwald, Valence Energy, 2009]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    22. 22. 2: mediator protocol translator<br />22<br />INTEGRATED BUILDING SYSTEMS<br />[Kevin Powell, GSA, 2009]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    23. 23. 3: user end software<br />Develop a user end software to view the database of building information<br />UNDERLYING TECHNOLOGY: Software, databases, servers<br />Will allow users to view where in their building they&apos;re spending energy costs<br />23<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    24. 24. 3: user end software<br />24<br />DYNAMIC REAL-TIME ENERGY CHARTING<br />[Engineered Systems, 2009]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    25. 25. 3: user end software<br />25<br />[Alexis Ringwald, Valence Energy, 2009]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    26. 26. implementation analysis<br />IMPLEMENTATION #1<br />wired, mediator, cloud computing software/ database<br />IMPLEMENTATION #2<br />wireless, mediator, local software/ database<br />IMPLEMENTATION #3<br />wireless, mediator, cloud computing software/ database<br />26<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    27. 27. best implementation among alternatives<br />IMPLEMENTATION #3: <br />1 – wireless, 2 - mediator, 3- cloud computing software/ database<br />STRENGTHS<br />WEAKNESSES<br />Replacing current wired & installation methods with wireless will save hundreds of thousands of dollars on replacing wire material r with wireless<br />Resources can now be shared<br />Accessibility<br />Transmission errors <br />Partnership between utilities & industrial & commercial companies needs to be created<br />Security of energy information over the internet<br />27<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    28. 28. impact & risk analysis<br />Kim Klinikowski<br />28<br />REDteam<br />
    29. 29. impact & risk analysis<br />Vulnerabilities of the Internet<br />Unwillingness to collaborate<br />Lack of qualified personnel<br />Software incapability&apos;s<br />Transmission interference<br />29<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    30. 30. 1: vulnerabilities of the internet<br />30<br />RISK: Transmission media imposes vulnerabilities on confidential data<br />High probability of occurrence with a medium impact on overall project<br />MITIGATION: Encompasses a variety of strategies<br />Security training session with company employees<br />Public key encryption system<br />Consider cost of cryptographer ($95,000/year)<br />Use of proxy servers<br />Inexpensive but could save hundreds to thousands<br />Use of firewalls<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    31. 31. 2: unwillingness to collaborate<br />RISK: Utility and automation companies will be unwilling to share their proprietary languages<br />High probability of occurrence with a medium impact on overall project<br />MITIGATION: Encompasses a variety of strategies<br />Form contracts that encompass legality issues<br />Contracts will detail viewing privileges and conversion specifics<br />Restrict protocol access to select individuals<br />Through the use of swipe cards, passwords, or biometrics ($550 finger print scanner)<br />Use of encrypted disks<br />Store within a fireproof safe or a bank vault<br />31<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    32. 32. 3: lack of qualified personnel<br />RISK: After initial implementation of the mediator, few personnel will be qualified<br />High probability of occurrence with a medium impact on overall project<br />MITIGATION: Encompasses a variety of strategies<br />Construct a training program organized by outside experts<br />Without training, experts can charge $50-$60/hour<br />Attend manufacturer’s seminars<br />Costly, but increases employees’ knowledge in dealing with mediator problems/errors<br />Offer courses at universities<br />Educate the IT personnel of the future<br />Courses deal with translation of multiple protocols into one (core of mediator)<br />32<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    33. 33. 4: software incapability&apos;s<br />RISK: Mediator is static which prohibits software updates<br />Medium probability of occurrence with a high impact on overall project<br />MITIGATION: Encompasses a variety of strategies<br />Work with the manufacturer of the mediator to make software updates for the mediator<br />Forecast new languages for devices and only buy those devices that use languages identified by the mediator<br />Create standards for future energy devices employed by buildings <br />This would allow us to avoid costly software updates, while allowing our system to run just as efficiently and effectively.<br />33<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    34. 34. 5: transmission interference<br />RISK: Wireless transmission media is not always 100% reliable<br />Low probability of occurrence with a low impact on overall project<br />MITIGATION: Encompasses a variety of strategies<br />Install wireless routers in areas conducive to strong signal strength<br />Avoid basements, closets, areas under desks<br />Update router’s firmware monthly (if possible)<br />Most updates provided freely by manufacturer<br />Train staff to monitor network at all times<br />Teach staff proper ways to handle network connectivity problems to reduce amount of harm imposed by “down time”<br />34<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    35. 35. team challenges<br />Jon Vettori<br />35<br />what worked? what needed improvement?<br />REDteam<br />
    36. 36. what worked?<br />Delegating tasks to individuals and combining<br />Meeting after class for a few minutes to keep everyone on track / on the same page<br />Cell phones / mass texts and reminders<br />Honesty, Urgency, Responsibility <br />Free online communication / collaboration tools…<br />36<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    37. 37. google groups<br />37<br />[groups.google.com]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    38. 38. google docs<br />38<br />[docs.google.com]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    39. 39. google wave<br />39<br />[wave.google.com]<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    40. 40. what needed improvement?<br />Using all of the scheduled lab time to better delegate tasks<br />Make corrections and improvements for documents/presentations as we got them back when it was fresh in our memory<br />Preemptively completed tasks and assignments ahead of the week it was due<br />40<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    41. 41. conclusion<br />REDteam<br />41<br />“Knowledge is Power”<br />INTRO PROBLEM SOLUTION IMPACT CHALLENGES CONCLUSION<br />
    42. 42. [Kevin Powell, GSA, 2009]<br />[http://www.atlas-solar.com/grid.asp]<br />[Energy Information Administration, U.S. Dept. of Energy, 2008]<br />[http://www.aia.org/press/AIAS077318]<br />[http://www.sun-works.com/products/grid_tied/grid_tied.html]<br />[http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080730/images/454570a-6.jpg]<br />[Ed Richards, Cisco, 2009]<br />[Alexis Ringwald, Valence Energy, 2009]<br />[Engineered Systems, 2009]<br />[groups.google.com]<br />[docs.google.com]<br />[wave.google.com]<br />references<br />42<br />REDteam<br />
    43. 43. QUESTIONS?<br />IST220 : REDteam<br />Josh Wentz, Kim Klinikowski, Christopher Alvarado, <br />Marco DeLeonardis, Brendan Jann, & Jon Vettori<br />43<br />

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