The four instrument families of the orchestra!

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Brief description of instrument families.

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  • The four instrument families of the orchestra are the Woodwinds, Brass, Percussion and String family.Why are they called families you might ask?Instruments in each family share like characteristics: how they make their sounds, how they are made, and what materials are used to make them.Just like you share similar characteristics to your brothers, sisters, mom and dad or grandparents. Maybe you have the same nose as your mom or you are the same ears as your dad.Design Principle: Simplicity—This slide shows that there are only four instrument families.Point of view–The column chart gives the viewer a chance to see that they are all different in colors but they are all at the same height.
  • Long ago, all the instruments in this family were made out of wood, but now some our made out of wood or metal or a combination of materials.The wind refers to air that’s blown through the instruments to make sound by blowing across or into the tube.Except for the flute, these instruments use a thin piece of wood called a “reed” which VIBRATES when the player blows across it.Design Principle:Framing—There is a visual border that draws your attention to the key points of the slide.Legibility—The text size, color, and short sentences inside the text boxes allows for the viewer to see and read the detail.Emphasis—Key words on the slide stand out through the use of italicsOrganization—The layout for slide is the same for the viewer to understand after the description family, they will get a picture representation.Harmony—Text compliment each other with the use of the background.Balance--The parts of the visual are in an aesthetically pleasing arrangement.
  • The flute is a common instrument in the wood wind family even thought it is made out of metal. The piccolo is it’s little baby sister who has a much higher pitch.Single Reed instruments include the clarinet and saxophone.Double reed instruments include the bassoon and oboeDesign Principle:Unity—The instruments all are separated by empty space around them, inside a box creating a since of unity.Clarity—The viewer knows after the description that these are the described instruments.Organization—The layout for slide is the same for the viewer to understand after the description family, they will get a picture representation.Balance--The parts of the visual are in an aesthetically pleasing arrangement.
  • Brass instruments are made out of brass. They are long tubes with flared ends called “bells”. You play a brass instrument by putting your lips into a cup-shaped mouthpiece and buzz.Buzzing makes the air vibrate. You can change the pitch by buzzing harder or softer or press the valves or move the slide.Design Principle:Framing: There is a visual border that draws your attention to the key points of the slide.Perspective: The background of a brass bell has been twisted into third dimension.Legibility—The text size, color, and short sentences inside the text boxes allows for the viewer to see and read the detail.Emphasis—Key words on the slide stand out through the use of italics.Organization—The layout for slide is the same for the viewer to understand after the description family, they will get a picture representation.Harmony—Text compliment each other with the use of the background. Balance--The parts of the visual are in an aesthetically pleasing arrangement.
  • These are the basic brass instruments. They all have the three things in common. Mouthpiece, tubing, and a bell.The longer the tube the lower the sound. The shorter the tube the higher the sound.The trumpet makes the highest sound and the tuba makes the lowest sound. Design Principle:Unity—The instruments all are separated by empty space around them, inside a box creating a since of unity.Clarity—The viewer knows after the description that these are the described instruments.Organization—The layout for slide is the same for the viewer to understand after the description family, they will get a picture representation. Balance--The parts of the visual are in an aesthetically pleasing arrangement.
  • The percussion instruments includes lots of instruments, from small to large and from simple to complicated.To play a percussion instrument, you hit it, shake it, or scrape it.Percussion instruments are used to keep the rhythm, create textrue, make special sounds, and even play different notes.Some are tuned and can sound different notes, like the xylophone or timpani, and some are untuned with no definite pitch, like a bas drum or castanets. Design Principle:Framing—There is a visual border that draws your attention to the key points of the slide.Legibility—The text size, color, and short sentences inside the text boxes allows for the viewer to see and read the detail.Emphasis—Key words on the slide stand out through the use of italics.Organization—The layout for slide is the same for the viewer to understand after the description family, they will get a picture representation.Harmony—Text compliment each other with the use of the background.Balance--The parts of the visual are in an aesthetically pleasing arrangement.
  • These are just a few percussion instruments you would find in a band or orchestra setting. There are many tuned and untuned instruments. Do you recognize any of the instruments that we use in class?Design Principle:Unity—The instruments all are separated by empty space around them, inside a box creating a since of unity.Clarity—The viewer knows after the description that these are the described instruments.Organization—The layout for slide is the same for the viewer to understand after the description family, they will get a picture representation.Balance--The parts of the visual are in an aesthetically pleasing arrangement.
  • The String Family makes up more than half of the orchestra. Although many of the string instruments look similar, they are very different in size and sound. The string instruments get their name from having strings. These strings are made out of steel, gut or nylon.To play a string instrument you must pluck, strike or bow the string.Design Principle:Framing—There is a visual border that draws your attention to the key points of the slide.Legibility—The text size, color, and short sentences inside the text boxes allows for the viewer to see and read the detail.Emphasis—Key words on the slide stand out through the use of italicsOrganization—The layout for slide is the same for the viewer to understand after the description family, they will get a picture representation.Harmony—Text compliment each other with the use of the background.Balance--The parts of the visual are in an aesthetically pleasing arrangement.
  • These are a few of the string instruments.The Violin is the smallest with the highest sound and the Bass is the largest with the lowest sound. The harp and guitar are also string instruments. The bass guitar, not pictured is also a string instrument. You don’t play those guitars like you do in the video games, Rock Band or Guitar Hero.Design Principle:Unity—The instruments all are separated by empty space around them, inside a box creating a since of unity.Clarity—The viewer knows after the description that these are the described instruments.Organization—The layout for slide is the same for the viewer to understand after the description family, they will get a picture representation.Balance--The parts of the visual are in an aesthetically pleasing arrangement.
  • The four instrument families of the orchestra!

    1. 1. The Four Instrument Families of the Orchestra!<br />Presented by John Russell<br /><ul><li>Woodwinds
    2. 2. Brass
    3. 3. Percussion
    4. 4. String</li></li></ul><li>Woodwind Family<br /><ul><li>Woodwind instruments are instruments made out of wood and some now metal
    5. 5. The wind is actually the air or breath
    6. 6. Except for the flute, these instruments use a REED to make sound</li></li></ul><li>Saxophones<br />
    7. 7. Brass Family<br /><ul><li>Brass instruments are made out of metal, normally brass
    8. 8. Brass Instruments have three things in common
    9. 9. Mouthpiece
    10. 10. Tubing
    11. 11. Bell
    12. 12. To change the pitch you can press different valves or move the slide</li></li></ul><li>Trumpet<br />French Horn<br />Baritone<br />Tuba<br />Trombone<br />
    13. 13. Percussion Family<br /><ul><li>To play a percussion instrument you hit it, shake it or scrape it
    14. 14. Percussion instruments can be
    15. 15. Tuned or
    16. 16. Untuned
    17. 17. Tuned instruments are those like the xylophone or timpani
    18. 18. Untuned instruments have no definite pitch like the bass drum or castanets</li></li></ul><li>
    19. 19. String Family<br /><ul><li>The String Family is a family because they all have strings
    20. 20. You play a string instrument by plucking, bowing or striking the string
    21. 21. All string instruments have curvy hollow wooden bodies and long necks</li></li></ul><li>

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