Should you require this workbook in another format such
as large print or Braille please contact us at
This workbook is to accompany the training session about Bibliometrics.
The book covers the three main providers of citation metrics, Scopus,
Web of Science and Publish or Perish. It does only cover the main
measures, journal impact, to identify the journal titles that are most
worthy to be published in and the ‘H’ Index that measures an
individual’s contribution. It should be noted that other measures are
available, but we are unable to cover all of them here.
The aim of this workbook is to demonstrate how you can find the
indicators using resources that you have access to. This session is not
intended to debate the usefulness of one measure against another
The ‘H’ Index
The H-Index is a metric which tries to measure the output and impact of
a particular researcher’s work. The H-index was devised by J.E. Hirsch
in his paper An index to quantify an individual's scientific research
output, arXiv:physics/0508025 v5 29 Sep 2005.
A scientist has index h if h of his/her Np papers have at least h citations
each, and the other (Np-h) papers have no more than h citations
Eg. Robert Winston has an ‘h’ index of 31 (according to Scopus). This
means that of the total number of documents that are available (68),
31 have been cited 31 or more times.
Sam Aston 3
Using Scopus for Impact
Scopus is a multi disciplinary database covering 14,000 titles. It provides
tools which can be used to analyse publication data for authors,
journals and organisations. Scopus can be used as an indicator of the
performance and impact of individuals, journals and organisations.
Scopus can be used to measure the ‘H’ Index of researchers.
• From the Databases A-Z page, click on S for Scopus and then
select on or off campus
• Click the Author Search Tab
• Type Rothwell into the Surname field and Nancy Jane into the
first Initials or First Name
• Click Search
A list of results matching your search terms will be displayed.
The ‘Details’ option lets you can see more information about an author
including the number of documents Scopus has referenced, the
citation tracker and the h-index.
• Click Details
Sam Aston 4
An author may have several entries if there are slight differences in their
details between publications. You can link separate entries for the
same author –
• Click Show unmatched authors
• Tick the ones that look similar (try 2, 3 &4)
• Click Group with author
• Another column should now have appeared and you can see
that the number of documents has increased 317 to 320
• Is her H Index the same?
Sam Aston 5
• Click the button h-graph, a graph should appear
• Drag the slider underneath the graph to stretch the line.
• Hover your mouse over the points; this should display the
number of times that the article has been cited.
Sam Aston 6
• The tabs create graphs to see articles published and citations
• The Citation tracker lists works that have cited documents
written by Nancy Rothwell.
• Hover the mouse over the title and the full reference should be
displayed. To see which articles have cited Nancy’s article click
on the number in the table.
• Can you find who wrote the article that cites Nancy’s article ‘A
rapid and transient peripheral inflammatory response precedes
brain inflammation after experimental stroke’?
• E-mail the results to yourself using the buttons in the right corner
• It is also possible to set up an alert that lets you know when
Nancy has published something new. This comes in either an e-
mail or RSS format.
• How many times has Nancy Rothwell had her articles cited in
another’s piece of work since 1966?
• Try this again using Brian E. Cox, yourself or your supervisor.
Sam Aston 7
Scopus Journal Analyzer
The Scopus Journal Analyzer is a tool used to compare the
performance and possible impact of journals. It allows the comparison
of up to 10 journal titles at one time from 1996 onwards.
The results for this tool are updated every 2 months.
• From the start screen click on the Analytics tab
• Enter academy of sciences and click Search?
• From the list select the New York Academy of Sciences
• You can either double click with the mouse, press enter or drag
the title over to the chart area on the right
• A chart should appear displaying the SCImago Journal Rank of
• Add ‘Journal of Neuroscience Research’
• Drop it into the chart
• Add another journal type in Stroke
• Select ‘Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation’ and drop it
onto the chart
• Hover your mouse over the blobs on the line chart and the
information will display
• The chart displays when the data was last updated, February
• The slider will alter the display. Slide the slider from the right to
the left to 2009 so only including full years.
• Click Show journals in Table to view the data in a table format
• Back to line chart
• Click the different tabs to display the different measures
SNIP is ‘source-normalized’ impact per paper measures contextual
citation. The measure weights the citations based on the total number
of citations in the subject field.
Citations display the total number of citations in the journal title.
Documents give the figures for the number of papers published in each
% not cited is the number of documents in the year that have not been
Sam Aston 8
This tool can generate a report for the organisation, collating all the
research outputs of a research centre.
• From the start screen click on the Affiliation Search
• Type in University of Manchester
• How many documents are there?
• Click Details
• The page should display a large amount of information about
the publications, including what are web based, patents and
most popular journals to be published in.
• There is a pie chart with the subject breakdown.
• From this page you can set up an e-mail alert or an RSS feed for
publications associated with the University of Manchester
• Click on E-mail Alert
• Select University of Manchester log-in and your University
username and password
Sam Aston 9
Useful Links for Using Scopus
Getting started with Scopus
Elsevier Training Desk recommends
Sam Aston 10
Web of Science
Web of Science offers access to multi-disciplinary, high quality research
information. This information can then be used to discover
• who is citing your research and how your research is
influencing newer research;
• to uncover the directions in which research is progressing
based on an earlier study;
• to track the work of a research colleague;
• to identify the sources of information that competitors, are
consulting for their research.
• Go to the Library homepage
• Click Electronic resources tab
• Down the sidebar select Databases
• Select W for Web of Science
• Click on the green button to access the database
• Click the Web of Science tab.
• Type Rothwell, N
• How many results do you retrieve?
• Go back and type in Rothwell, NJ
• How many results do you retrieve now?
• Click Create Citation Report
• A page containing two graphs should appear quoting the
number of publications within the year and the number of
citations within the year.
• The ‘h’ index should be displayed to the right of the graphs.
What is Nancy Rothwell’s h index?
• The table displays the results and they can be sorted in different
ways, date, number of citations and first author
• Sort the results by the Latest Year
• Results can be printed, saved and e-mailed.
• Tick the boxes on the left for the first 5 results, scroll down and
• Type in your e-mail address and click send
Journal Citation Reports
Journal performance metrics offer a systematic, objective means to
critically evaluate the world's leading journals
1. Delivers quantifiable statistical information based on citation
2. Helps determine a publication’s impact and influence in the
global research community
3. Includes journal and category data
Sam Aston 11
• Click on the additional resources tab, then the link to Journal
• Put the radio button in JCR Social Sciences Edition 2008
• Click Submit
• Put the radio button in the view a group of journals in subject
• Select Education and Educational Research
• Select display by Total Cites
• Click on the journal title
• This page will display information about the journal title itself
• Click on Impact Factor Trend
• The Impact Factor measures the frequency that the articles in
the journal title have been cited in the given year. Judging this
figure with others in a similar field will indicate how important it
is to be published in this journal.
• This journal in particular the Review of Educational Research
has seen an increase in its impact.
Sam Aston 12
Web of Knowledge
Sam Aston 13
Publish or Perish
Publish or Perish is software programme that retrieves and analyses
bibliometric data using Google Scholar. The software calculates a
number of different citation metrics including the main ones, the ‘h’
index and an analysis of journal impact as well as totals and averages.
The pages and software belong to Anne-Wil Harzing, an Australian
• In your browser go to http://www.harzing.com/pop.htm
• This page is particularly useful to read through as it gives us a
number of measures
• If you have not already you will need to scroll down the page
and find the installer for your operating system and install and
• You will then find Publish or Perish in your programmes menu.
Click Start, then All Programs and it should be in the menu.
• Click it and the program will start.
• Down the blue sidebar click Author Impact Analysis
• Type in the name field Nancy Rothwell
• Click Look up or press Enter
• How many papers are there?
• What is the ‘h’ Index for NJ Rothwell?
• What is the ‘h’ Index for NJ Rothwell 2000 – 2010?
Sam Aston 14
• Down the sidebar, select Journal Impact Analysis
• Type in the Journal title “Journal of Neuroscience Research”
• Using the speech marks will limit the search to not include any
with Neuroscience anywhere in the title
• Results can be easily be copied into text, csv or Excel files using
the Copy button on the left
• Click on Multi-query Centre
• Click on the entry NJ Rothwell; All
• The results should display
• Click on the top result
• A browser window will open Google Scholar and a list of the
articles citing the article that you clicked on should appear
Publish or Perish Web Site
Sam Aston 15
Contacts & Further Information
If you have any queries about this booklet or the services mentioned in
it please do contact the JRUL Information Skills Training Team.
Sam Aston 16