Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Meta interested  an exploration of interest from a positive psych
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Meta interested an exploration of interest from a positive psych


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Meta-Interested? An Exploration of Interest from a Positive Psychology PerspectiveBy: Joe Tinkham
  • 2. State and Trait Interest● Physiological Changes ○ Orientation, activation, concentration, approach action● Facial and Vocal Expressions ○ Forehead and eye muscle movements ○ Head tilt ○ Speak faster rate and with a greater vocal range
  • 3. State and Trait Interest● Serves Adaptive role ○ serves no immediate adaptive function ■ broaden-and-build -> skills and knowledge ○ interest enhances learning motivation and performance and attention to novel and unfamiliar things● High Trait Interest is characterized by more frequent, intense, and longer curiosity
  • 4. Intrinsic Approach Motivation● Motivation or desire to develop diverse knowledge and skills ○ basically for their own sake● BIS orients people away from possible harmful stimuli ○ positive correlations between BIS and anxiety● BAS orients people toward possible enjoyable stimuli ○ curiosity may be similar with BAS● Interest possibly acts against avoid motives (failure and anxiety)
  • 5. Biobehavioral Systems - Reticular Arousal System (RAS)● 4 types of conflict that increase arousal in RAS: ○ novelty, complexity, uncertainty, conflict● Novel and challenging stimuli co-activate both anxiety and curiosity ○ low novel intensity -> low curiosity ○ mid novel intensity -> low anxiety and high curiosity ○ high novel intensity -> high anxiety● Uncertainty Intensification Hypothesis ○ uncertainty amplifies positive response to positive events and negative response to negative events
  • 6. Curiosity and Anxiety● Individual differences in reticular arousal system (RAS) sensitivity, cognitive attributions, approach-avoidance orientations play a key role in interest, but they are also involved in the expressed of psychopathology● Kashdan, Elhai, and Breen (2008) wanted to examine how individuals with varying levels of social anxiety and trait curiosity related with approach-avoidance conflicts and risk- taking behaviors in social situations. ○ The approach-avoidance conflict increased internal conflict and dysfunction in participants with high levels of both social anxiety and curiosity
  • 7. Curiosity and HealthPeople with high trait curiosity--people that experience curiositylonger, stronger, and more frequently--had greater life meaning,satisfaction, and engaged in more growth behaviors thanpeople with low trait curiosity.● High curiosity strongly correlates with ○ decreased hypertension ○ longer life ○ less likely to develop degenerative diseases of CNS ○ anxiety was also shown to had moderate negative correlations with hope and curiosity.
  • 8. Conclusions● Research in positive psychology and interest still growing and still improving methods ○ State/trait characteristics, RAS, BAS● There is a need to further research on how state and trait curiosity develops across a persons lifetime ○ further research into application ■ education, vocation psychology● May offer protective effects, but it is still unclear and may be context dependent ○ e.g. social situations, old age
  • 9. ReferencesBar-Anan, Y., Wilson, T.D., & Gilbert, D.T. (2009). The feeling of uncertainty intensifiesaffective reactions. Emotion, 9 (1), 123-127.Kashdan, T. B. & Roberts, J. E. (2006). Affective outcomes in superficial and intimateinteractions: Roles of social anxiety and curiosity. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 140-167.Kashdan, T. B , & Steger, M. F. (2007). Curiosity and pathways to well-being and meaning inlife: Traits, states, and everyday behaviors. Motivation and Emotion., 31, 159-173.Kashdan, T.B., Elhai, J.D., & Breen, W.E. (2008). Social anxiety and disinhibition: An analysisof curiosity and social rank appraisals, approach-avoidance conflicts, and disruptiverisk- taking behavior. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22, 925-939.Michalak, J., Puschel, O., Joormann, J., & Schulte, D. (2006). Implicit motives and explicitgoals: Two distinctive modes of motivational functioning and their relations topsychopathology. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 13, 81-96.Richman, L.S., Kubzansky, L., Maseiko, J., Kawachi, I., Choo, P., & Bauer, M. (2005).Positive emotion and health: Going beyond the negative. Health Psychology, 24(4), 422-429.Silvia, P.J. (2001). Interest and interests: The psychology of constructive capriciousness. Reviewof General Psychology, 5 (3), 270-290.Silva, P. J. (2008). Interest--The curious emotion. Current Directions in Psychology, 17(1), 57-60.