In this unit, students travel the globe to see how culture impacts the story of Cinderella. As they work through the unit activities, students read and analyze many versions of this classic tale, learn more about the literary genre, and study character development and the difference that point of view can make in the telling of a tale.
Behaviorism and constructivism are the two main theories that have influenced how teachers teach; developed since public education began
Behaviorism : a developmental theory that measures observable behaviors produced by a learner’s response to stimuli. Responses to stimuli can be reinforced with positive or negative feedback to condition desired behaviors
Cognitivism : is an internal, active, creative process; emphasizes the critical role that memory plays in helping us turn new information into such that is meaningful and will allow us to retrieve it and be able to use it
Constructivism : philosophy of learning founded on the premise that, by reflecting on our experiences, we construct our own understanding of the world we live in; emphasizes the importance of the knowledge, beliefs, and skills an individual brings to the experience of learning
Jean Piaget : Swiss biologist and psychologist; known for developing a highly influential model of child development and learning; attested that a child’s cognitive structure increases in sophistication with development, moving from a few innate reflexes such as crying and sucking to highly complex mental activities
B. F. Skinner : behaviorist; believed that the greater part of human behavior must be traced to contingencies of reinforcement
Lev Vygotsky : asserts that culture is the prime determinant of individual development; language is a primary form of interaction
Instructional designers need to guide classroom observations, encourage mentoring, involve peers, need self assessment, and have a need for professional development.
Make assignments as well as the learning environment effective.
Develop curriculum content and instructional tools that most effectively facilitate student learning.
The unit or course design needs to reflect coherent design, use multiple forms of assessment, use clear criteria and performance standards, and incorporate a variety of resources, teaching activities, and learning activities.
Instructional Designer Principles… (Principles of the Universal Design for Learning Framework)