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Fall Final Exam Study Guide

Fall Final Exam Study Guide






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    Fall Final Exam Study Guide Fall Final Exam Study Guide Document Transcript

    • Fall Final Exam Study Guide-Science-Taylor-2009
      • 6 characteristics of all living things (from text)
      • Key terms:
      • Stimulus
      • response
      • homeostasis
      • taxonomy
      • evolution
      • The first organisms on earth did not need oxygen to survive
      • Miller and Urey conducted an experiment to reproduce the conditions of early earth in a flask
      • To survive on earth, cells need the ability to use chemicals in their surroundings for energy.
      • Why do scientists organize things into groups?
      • Levels of classification
      • Scientists study and compare organism’s body structures to get more information about the information of the evolutionary history of a species.
      • Characteristics used to place organisms in a kingdom
      • Key terms:
      • Heterotrophs
      • Autotrophs
      • Spontaneous generation
      • Binomial nomenclature-what is this and how is it written
      • Controlled experiment
      • The most abundant chemical in all living things
      • Classification hierarchy
      • Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution
      • Kind of organisms found in the 3 domains
      • Taxonomic keys and what they are used for
      • Characteristics that place organisms into domains
      • Hypotheses about the first life forms come from fossil evidence.
      • Magnification of microscopes
      • How electron microscopes work
      • Cell theory
      • How a light microscope works
      • Key terms:
      • Resolution
      • Genes
      • Alleles
      • Purebreds
      • hybrid
      • Homozygous
      • Heterozygous
      • Probability
      • Phenotype
      • genotype
      • parts of the cell and what those parts do
      • scientists who discovered cells and what those scientists observed
      • cells in multi-cellular organisms contain cells with many different sizes and shapes
      • Gregor Mendel’s pea plant experiment
      • How to use punnett squares and what they show
      • Key terms:
      • Observation
      • Inference
      • Hypothesis
      • Scientific question/problem
      • Procedure
      • Manipulated variable/independent
      • Responding variable/dependent
      • Data
      • Control
      • Control group
      • conclusion
      • Know the following measurement tools and what they are used for:
      • Thermometer
      • Balance
      • Scale
      • Graduated cylinder
      • Formula for density
      • SI unit for : length, mass, density, temperature
      • Steps in scientific method
      • Lab safety rules and procedures
      • Be able to read and interpret graphs
      • Be able to convert using the staircase method
      • Be able to convert temperatures between F, C, and K (given the formulas)