Name__________________________________________Date__________________________Period_____________<br />Bacteria to Plants   ...
Scientists classify organisms because it helps them organize so they can study them.
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1.2 A Reading Questions With Answers

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1.2 A Reading Questions With Answers

  1. 1. Name__________________________________________Date__________________________Period_____________<br />Bacteria to Plants Book A Ch. 1.2 “Classifying Organisms” <br />As you read pages 16-24 answer the following questions thoroughly and completely.<br /><ul><li> Explain why scientists classify organisms.
  2. 2. Scientists classify organisms because it helps them organize so they can study them.
  3. 3. Define:
  4. 4. Classification- is the process of grouping living things based on their similarities
  5. 5. Taxonomy- is a scientific study of how living things are classified
  6. 6. Who was Carolus Linneaus and explain what his contribution to modern science was?</li></ul>Carolus Linneas was a Swedish Naturalist that devised a system of naming organisms that is still used today. He lived in the 1700s: He grouped organisms according to their body structure <br /><ul><li> Define:
  7. 7. Binomial nomenclature- A two part scientific name for an organism; a naming system that gives organisms a two part name according to their characteristics.
  8. 8. What is important about the genus and species name of an organism? Their names describes the features of the organisms; For genus organisms share many similar characteristics; For species characteristics are identical; the two names together make up the organisms scientific name.
  9. 9. How is a scientific name for an organism correctly written? Why are these names in Latin? The scientific names are written in Italics when they are typed. When they are handwritten they are underlined. The genus name is capitalized and the species name is lower-cased. Latin was the universal language of that during the 1700s
  10. 10. What is the advantage of using scientific names for organisms?
  11. 11. The advantage of using scientific names is there is onlThe advantage of using scientific names is there is only one scientific name for each known organism; scientific names reduce confusion
  12. 12. List the eight levels of the classification system starting with the broadest and going to the narrowest. The eight levels of classifications are; Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, order, Family, Genus, and Species DKPCOFGS; Did King Phillip Come Over For Good Spaghetti?
  13. 13. What is a dichotomous key and how does it work?
  14. 14. Who was Charles Darwin and what was his theory about evolution?

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