This slide shows Oncor’s AMS deployment profile: Currently, we’re one of the largest deployment in the U.S., installing up to 3.2 million meters by 2012 and serving about 7 million people in our service area. Eventually, we’ll ramp up to about 800,000 to 900,000 meters a year until all meters are installed.
Let’s talk about “Smart Texas.” What is it? And where does Smart Grid and AMS fit in? Here you can look at the definition of each.
What are the components of Smart Grid? Smart Grid includes substations and advanced meters—which are the heart of AMS. It also includes SCADA—you may have heard of that. We have data in the field and we need to get that back to the office. We do that through backhaul communications such as satellite, radio frequency, and cellular. We have many IT applications and distribution automation. All this is to support Oncor and the market. Smart Grid leads to better system integrity and reliability.
How did we get here? Back in 2005, we started our automated meter (AMR) initiative. We put in 600,000 automated meters. Then, the Texas Legislature passed a law that basically said, “We want advanced meters.” In May 2007, the PUC issued a rule defining requirements for those meters. Our AMR meters were not compliant with the new requirements, so we cancelled the program and started AMS, with the PUC’s approval.
The Oncor advanced meters meet all PUC technical and functional requirements.
So what are the components of AMS? The program provides funding for in-home devices for qualified customers. If you look at the IT infrastructure, essentially all Oncor IT applications have been touched, so modifications are required there, including new and revised business processes. We now have a common portal that all REPs, consumers, and ERCOT will use. There’s a telecommunications component to get the meter data to and from the office. It’s critical to make sure consumers understand the benefits these meters provide and how they can leverage this information, so we have a customer education program that includes before and after installation, as well as the MEC. And then, of course, there’s the meter installation itself.
Why are we doing AMS? It allows us to know more about how the system is performing. Consumers are able to know and observe more about their energy consumption. We know when and where to spend money on improvements. It provides new opportunities for rates and pricing plans. All of this leads to a better system design.
Let’s go ahead and look at some of the details. (Let them read and perhaps talk about a few bullets based on audience interests.) We now have nearly 3,000 reads per month per meter. The safety of our employees has increased because we no longer have to send them out to read the meters or perform disconnects and reconnects. We can now quickly reconnect those with prepaid pricing plans. Customer load control will be opt-in (e.g., ERCOT-directed load shedding). Since deployment began, we’ve prevented more than 2 million truck rolls, saving approximately $16-20 million in people, truck, and fuel costs.
With AMS, we know when a outage occurs and we know when it’s restored. It narrows down where the problems are. We can read meters on demand. HAN devices allow you to read energy consumption and estimate what your bill will be. Everyone in Texas will go to the same site for account maintenance.
Some of our key milestones: The program started in 2009 and the plan is to finish by 2012. If you look, there are some interim regulatory commitments, plus numbers to hit.
Let’s talk briefly about how AMS works. We read the meter, collect the data, and make sure it’s accurate. Then we send the meter data to where it’s needed—either to billing or to the market.
Let’s discuss how the meter data gets from the meter to the market: Again, we read the meter and that data flows inside your house and to the RF mesh, which is Landis+Gyr’s Gridstream network. L+G is our primary AMS vendor, supplying our meters and the related network equipment. The second box shows the data flow through the mesh—it might be through multiple meters or a series of routers. Eventually it goes to a collector at a substation and to the Head End, the software application that controls the meter and provides a way for us to get the data back to the home office. Once it’s at the back office, we validate and process the data through some of the applications shown here. Then, we transmit the data to the parties that need it—in this case, ERCOT, REPs, and consumers.
This is a more detailed breakdown of what’s happening: An important note on the HAN. There are no production HAN devices available today. Our validation team is testing several pre-production models to ensure they work with our system. We expect to see some models in production this year. ZigBee is a low-frequency radio in the meter—similar to Bluetooth—and is the standard for in-home area network devices.
The router acts like a cell phone tower—sending the signal where it needs to be relayed. As many as 10,000 to 15,000 meters could route signals to a single collector. From there, the data is sent to the backhaul network and the back office, as shown here. Again, Head End is the vendor software that talks to and controls the meter.
This is just another picture of the RF mesh: It’s a 900 MHz proprietary network that uses meters or routers to get the signal to the collector. The collectors are normally in substations so we have a power supply and can get the data to the back office, as shown here. In addition to the RF mesh: The intent is to incorporate a power line carrier (PLC) network for rural areas. This is dependent on vendors developing a PLC-compliant advanced meter.
MDMS does the validating and produces billing-quality data. LCIS provides the premise and billing data. AMS ODS provides our long-term storage and provides data for reporting. AMS Maximo manages our assets. Our internal Web portal is used for reporting and analysis.
Once the meter data is valid and bill quality, we store it a data repository that can be accessed through the customer portal or Web services, which allows the REPs or ERCOT to access large amounts of data and register HAN devices.
This slide shows some of our partners for the AMS implementation.
If you look at the deployment, you’ll see that we actually have metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas. If you have a question about your deployment, you can go to oncor.com, put in your ESI ID, and see when your meter will be installed.
Here we can see what’s deployed outside of the D/FW area.
If you have questions about AMS, there’s quite a bit of information on our website. We’re also on Twitter!
Ams Oncor March 2010
What is AMS?An Overview of Oncor’s AdvancedMetering System (AMS)December 2011Oncor Electric Delivery
Document Version Control Statement This document, “What is AMS?” is maintained electronically on SharePoint. When in printed form or downloaded, this document is uncontrolled. It is the user’s responsibility to verify that this copy is the latest version. The current version is located on the Knowledge Management Center for Smart Texas: http://oncorportal.tu.com:8972/sites/Technology/KM/comm/presentations/Pages/default.aspx . This presentation is the first in a series of presentations about AMS components, including smart meters, routers and collectors, networks, and systems.Oncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 2
AMS Deployment ProfileAdvanced meters are being installed by geographicregion over a four-year period: Up to 3.2 million meters by 2012 54,000 square miles of territory 122 REPs Average installation rate is about 75,000 meters per month More than 2.2 million AMS meters installed as of November 2011Oncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 3
Smart Texas OverviewSmart Texas is Oncor’s initiative to transform Texas’s electrictransmission and distribution network into the most technologicallyadvanced grid in the nation by 2012. Smart Grid AMS Definition: Advanced meters and the Definition: Transmission and distribution of associated hardware and software, electricity using a communications systems, and information robust network of two-way technology systems communications, advanced sensors, and distributed computers Purpose: Provide timely access to consumption data, enabling consumers to Purpose: Improve the efficiency, reliability, make informed choices about energy use and safety of power delivery and reduce their energy costs Providing “actionable information” to the operatorOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 4
Smart Grid Communications Applications Satellite Distribution Management Radio Frequency (RF) System (DMS) Fiber Outage Management Cellular System (OMS) Broadband Over Power Line (BPL) Supervisory Control and Power Line Carrier (PLC) Data Acquisition (SCADA) Pager Mobile Workforce Substation Management (MWM) Monitoring Fib er Meter Data Management Control System (MDMS) Supervisory Control and Transmission Management Data Acquisition (SCADA) System (TMS) Web Portal System Monitoring Distribution Automation Voltage Intelligent Switching Outage Capacitor Control Advanced Metering Market Support Billing Interval Reads Remote Sensing Demand Response Home Area Network (HAN) Retail CommunicationOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 5
AMS Background “…put information and control into the hands of the consumer,Oncor’s AMS initiative has evolved as a with integrated technologies that enable individuals to obtain timelyresult of PUC regulations: information on energy use, manage their own consumption patterns and reduce costs.” – PUC Oncor launches its automated meter reading initiative and begins 2005 replacing traditional meters with automated meters. The Public Utilities Commission of Texas (PUC) adopts its advanced meter 2007 ruling, including specific technical and functional requirements for meters. Oncor’s automated meters are not compliant with the PUC’s new regulations and as a result, Oncor revises its automated meter reading initiative to become an advanced metering system that is PUC-compliant. The PUC approves Oncor’s AMS program filing, including a surcharge to 2008 recover implementation costs.Oncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 6
PUC Requirements for Advanced Meters Provide remotely activated disconnects and reconnects on all residential meters Provide 15-minute interval data, which equates to almost 3,000 reads per month per meter versus the historical one read per month Provide consumption data to HAN and communicate with HAN devices, such as in-home energy monitors Give REPs ability to directly interact with the consumer’s meter, including getting on-demand reads and sending messages and control signals Provide market-defined Web portal functionalityOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 7
AMS Program Components In-home Monitors Radio Frequency (RF) Mesh for Low-income and Backhaul Networks Customers AMS MAXIMO LCIS HEAD END AMS ODS MDMS AMS Program IT Infrastructure, Customer Education Program, Integration, and Internal Including the Mobile Web Portal Experience Center (MEC) Smart Meter Texas Web Portal for ERCOT, REPs, Advanced Meter Installation and Consumers and ProvisioningOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 8
AMS BenefitsAMS: Supports energy conservation strategies with increased system functionalities Provides an environment for consumers to make informed decisions about their energy consumption Improves the overall reliability and efficiency of our system Creates new opportunities for consumers and REPs Delivers an infrastructure that facilitates the partnership with REPs in providing customer choice and a high-quality service standard by which others are measuredOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 9
AMS Features and BenefitsOnce fully deployed, AMS offers numerous benefits to consumers,REPs, and Oncor: Feature Benefits Advanced meters Offers consumers nearly 3,000 meter reads per month rather automatically read and than one historic read, allowing more timely adjustments to record meter data at energy use 15-minute intervals. Increases REP billing options, including time-of-use rates, rates that foster demand response, and prepaid services, giving consumers new avenues for controlling their energy costs Eliminates the need to send a person to read and record meter data, reducing vehicle emissions and reducing vehicle accidents Advanced meter Eliminates the need to send a person to manually perform disconnects and service orders, reducing employee safety issues and reducing reconnects can be vehicle emissions performed remotely. Provides the ability to initiate selective load reduction without impacting sensitive or critical loads, improving response to emergency curtailment operations Enables prepaid retail pricing, allowing consumers and REPs to have pricing plans that meet their needsOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 10
AMS Features and Benefits (cont) Feature Benefits Advanced meters Provides the ability to detect outages faster and pinpoint quickly provide power loss where on the system the outage has occurred, enabling faster signals. outage restoration Advanced meters can be Provides the ability to read meters on an as-needed basis, read on-demand. improving efficiencies with move-ins, move-outs, and other requests that require a meter reading Eliminates the need to send a person to read and record meter data, enabling real-time diagnostic capabilities and reducing vehicle emissions Advanced meters Enhances visibility of energy consumption to consumers via automatically send meter in-home monitors, allowing more choices about energy use data to the consumer’s Provides demand response and load control signals, allowing HAN. consumers to take advantage of off-peak and time-of-use rates Communicates with smart appliances, offering consumers control of selected appliances using ZigBee Smart Energy (SE) 1.0 Smart Meter Texas Streamlines Oncor’s operational efficiencies by providing a Portal will be available self-service portal for consumers, REPs, Gives consumers, REPs, and authorized third parties access to and ERCOT. consumption data, offering self-service account maintenanceOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 11
Key AMS Milestones 3/31/09: Supported interim HAN functionality, allowing communication between the advanced meter and an in-home display enabled with 7/10/09: Reached 250,000+ 12/31/11: Reach 2.5 million ZigBee Smart Energy 1.0 meters installed meters installed 5/30/09: Transitioned from L+G 12/31/12: Full AMS hosting to Oncor, streamlining 12/31/09: Reached deployment, including advanced meter functionality 663,774 meters installed up to 3.2 million meters installed* 6/7/09: Went live with AMS Maximo Release 0, enabling tracking of meter 12/31/10: Reached 1.5 million assets and locations meters installed 2009 2010 2011 2012 6/30/09: Went live with 1/31/10: Went live with Release 2, including: AMS Release 1, providing Deploying the internal Web portal 15-minute interval VEE data to the Market Upgrading Head End and MDMS Enhancing remote connect and disconnect capabilities 6/1/09: Implemented prepaid electric service, Enhancing HAN functionality allowing reconnects/disconnects within 1 Supporting the Smart Meter Texas portal, giving consumers, hour of notice from REPs REPs, and ERCOT access to account data 5/1/09: Supported time-of-use (TOU) 9/30/09: Went live with L+G Command functionality for existing rates, enabling Center Release 4.1, improving meter REPs to offer TOU rates data collection * Based on growth estimatesOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 12
AMS ProcessA cohesive, four-step business process frames the complex AMSinfrastructure of advanced meters, hardware, software, communicationssystems, and meter information networks. 1 2 3 4 Read the Collect the Validate the Transmit the Meter Meter Data Meter Data Meter Data The advanced meter Oncor’s RF mesh and Oncor’s back-office Oncor sends the meter records energy use backhaul networks systems check the data to ERCOT, REPs, at the premise and collect the meter data meter data for accuracy and consumers for transmits the meter data and send it to Oncor’s and completeness. market settlement, to the consumer’s HAN back-office systems. billing, account and to Oncor’s network. management, and monitoring of personal energy use.Oncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 13
Meter Data Flow Read the 1 Meter On-Demand 3 Validate the 4 Transmit the Reads via Meter Data Meter Data In-Home Monitor DATA HAN HAN LCIS REPOSITORY Bill-Cycle Smart Meter Data Meter Appliances Premise Meter & Daily Meter Reads & MDMS & Billing Customer RF Mesh Meter Data Account Interval Usage Data Meter & Network Transactions Data Customer Interval & Account Register Data Data Market AMS HEAD Settlement Meter ODS Backhaul END Data RF Mesh Attributes Network Network Meter Meter Router Attributes Attributes Meter & AMS Customer Customer REPs MAXIMO Account Collector Account Data Data Smart Meter Collect the 2 Meter Data Texas Portal Individual Account Data Oncor Internal Web Consumer PortalOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 14
Meter Data Flow – Read the Meter Advanced Meter: Records energy usage at 15-minute intervals Transmits meter data to the premise HAN In-home Monitor device via ZigBee Smart Energy 1.0 Receives meter data from the HAN Transmits meter data to Oncor via the RF Displays energy usage to the consumer in near real-time Mesh network Communicates with the HAN to manage smart appliances Read the 1 Meter On-Demand Reads via Smart Appliances In-Home Display Connect to the HAN via ZigBee Smart Energy 1.0 Projects underway to bring HAN HAN smart appliances to market Smart Meter Appliances RF Mesh Network Home Area Network (HAN): Receives energy usage data from the advanced meter Sends meter data to the HAN device Communicates with smart appliances RF Mesh Network: Receives meter data Sends meter data to the routerOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 15
Meter Data Flow – Collect the Meter Data Router: Backhaul Network: Receives meter data from the Uses wide area network (WAN), fiber, RF Mesh network microwave, or cellular components Forwards meter data to the Forwards meter data to Head End appropriate collector RF Mesh Daily Meter Reads & Meter Network Interval Usage Data Transactions Head End: Collects meter data HEAD Receives meter attributes from AMS Maximo RF Mesh Backhaul END Forwards meter data to the Meter Data Network Network Management System (MDMS) Meter Router Attributes Collector Collect the 2 Meter Data Collector: Receives meter data from the router via the RF Mesh network Forwards meter data to Head End via the Backhaul networkOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 16
RF Mesh and Backhaul Two-Way Communication Networks RF Mesh Network 900 MHz Backhaul Network Satellite, microwave, cellular, fiber, and wide area network Routers Back Office Mounted on utility poles and street lights Collectors Approximately 30 per collector Mounted on 70 ft. concrete poles Approximately 9,000 Four antennas on the top, and a control panel and backhaul communication box at the base Normally located in substations, within substation fence Approximately 300 IT RF Smart Meters Systems Installed in residential and commercial premises Meter-to-meter communication Approximately 356 per router Approximately 3.2 million Router CollectorOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 17
Meter Data Flow – Validate the Meter DataMeter Data Management System (MDMS): Receives the meter data from Head End Legacy Customer Information System (LCIS): Receives meter attributes from Receives bill-cycle meter data from MDMS AMS Maximo Receives meter attributes from AMS Maximo Validates the accuracy and completeness Ensures meter data complies with business rules of the meter reads through the process of Creates billing files validation, estimating, and editing (VEE) 3 Validate the Sends premise and billing data to AMS ODS Provides estimates for any missing Meter Data interval data Creates billing-quality data Sends bill-cycle meter data to LCIS Bill-Cycle LCIS Sends interval and register data to the Meter Data AMS ODS database Premise AMS Operational Data Stores (ODS): MDMS & Billing Receives interval and register data Data Meter & from MDMS Customer Receives premise and billing data Interval & Account Register Data Data from LCIS AMS Integrates interval data and billing Meter ODS Attributes data to make analysis and reporting easier Meter Sends meter and customer account Attributes Meter & AMS data to the internal Web portal and Customer MAXIMO Account the data repository AMS Maximo: Data Maintains asset information and associated equipment Oncor Internal Web Portal: Sends meter attributes Receives the meter data from to MDMS and AMS ODS AMS ODS Provides data for internal Oncor Internal Web Portal reporting and analysisOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 18
Meter Data Flow – Transmit the Meter Data to REPS,ERCOT, and Consumers 4 Transmit the Meter Data Data Repository: Receives the meter data from AMS ODS Organizes and stores the meter DATA REPOSITORY data by REP Sends account data to the Smart Meter Texas Portal Meter & Customer Account Data ERCOT: Uses the market Market settlement data to assess Settlement administrative fees, publish billing Data statements, and resolve disputes Smart Meter Texas Portal: Provides self-service market Customer REPs REPs: Use the customer account settlement data to ERCOT Account data to bill customers, manage Provides self-service customer Data customer accounts, and support account data to REPs and Smart Meter Texas Portal innovative new programs and authorized third parties pricing options Provides self-service individual Individual account data to consumers Account Data Consumers: Use their account Consumer data to make more informed choices about energy useOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 19
AMS Implementation Partners Business Operations, Project Management, Systems Development, and Meter Deployment Integration, and Operational Support Infrastructure Support Meters, Routers, and Collectors MDMS Design and InstallationOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 20
AMS Deployment – Metropolitan Area (as of December 2011) Yellow – Deployed Pink – Currently Deploying Green – Future Deployment Deployment is determined by meter district. See http://www.oncor.com/tech_reliable/smarttexas/deployment.aspx for deployment schedule by ESI ID.Oncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 21
AMS Deployment – Non-Metro (as of December 2011) Yellow – Deployed Pink – Currently Deploying Green – Future DeploymentOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 22
For More Information www.smartmetertexas.com www.smarttexas.com www.twitter.com/smarttexas www.facebook.com/smarttexas www.oncor.com Or email AMS Project in OutlookOncor Electric Delivery CONFIDENTIAL – FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY 23