Need for a Science & Evidence Based                                          Policy                                       ...
Mobile Services Need Mobile Networks                           India – Mobile Connections                               Ab...
Mobile Networks Are Low Power          More base stations provide:              –       More coverage.              –    ...
Networks – Exposure Trends                                     1.E+03           ICNIRP Public @ 900 MHz                   ...
Non-ICNIRP Limits Do Not Mean Lower Exposure                                            Netherlands                       ...
Precautionary Measures = Increased Concern             Study conducted in Australia, Brazil, India, Japan, Germany, The  ...
Exposure Reduces Rapidly with Increased Distance                           Distance x 2                           Exposure...
Lower Limits Mean Larger  Compliance Distances…                                        Exposure limit ÷10                 ...
Effect of Power Reductions on Coverage             Current                Power Reduced                More AntennasContin...
Impact of So-called Exclusion Zones                                                         Example of Berlin             ...
Media Interest and Public Concern© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012                                    Wiedema...
Relationship between Policies and Public Concern                           Stricter legal safety                          ...
Comparison of EMF Limits – Base Stations                                          Actual Regulatory Limit                 ...
Harmonise with International EMF Policy                           India should contribute to international activities.© GS...
RF Policy Principles        Governments:            –       Evidence based limits and consistent mast policy.            ...
Responding to Public Concern         Perception is reality.         Trust first, then information.         Listen.© GSM...
Established Risk                                                  Obey the law.                                           ...
Health Benefits          About a quarter of UK calls to ambulances come from mobile phones.               –       ‘Mobile...
Summary          Adopt evidence based policy:              –       WHO/ITU recommended (ICNIRP) limits.              –   ...
Thank You      Contact: Dr Jack Rowley      Job title: Senior Director       Research & Sustainability      email addre...
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Need for a Science & Evidence Based Policy

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Assocham International Health Conference
“Ensuring Public Health and Safety in the Mobile Industry”, 08 February, 2012 New Delhi, India

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Need for a Science & Evidence Based Policy

  1. 1. Need for a Science & Evidence Based Policy Jack Rowley, PhD, Senior Director Research & Sustainability GSM Association New Delhi, India 8 February 2012© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012
  2. 2. Mobile Services Need Mobile Networks India – Mobile Connections About 900 million 2000 2012 2016 National infrastructure deployed locally.© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012 1
  3. 3. Mobile Networks Are Low Power  More base stations provide: – More coverage. – More capacity. – Higher data rates.© GSM Association 2012 Power is limited to avoid interference.J. Rowley, February 2012 2
  4. 4. Networks – Exposure Trends 1.E+03 ICNIRP Public @ 900 MHz 80 80 77 74 1.E+02 71 70 Subscriber growth. microwatts per square centimetre 68 1.E+01 62 60 1.E+00 Subscribers (millions) 54 51 50 1.E-01 47 1.E-02 40 1.E-03 30 1.E-04 Average annual exposure. 20 1.E-05 10 1.E-06 1.E-07 0 UK (2001) UK (2002) UK (2003) UK (2004) UK (2005) UK (2006) UK (2007) UK (2008) UK (2009) Country (years)© GSM Association 2012 Measured average exposure in the UK unchanged.J. Rowley, February 2012 Source: GSMA analysis, OFCOM 3 and Wireless Intelligence data.
  5. 5. Non-ICNIRP Limits Do Not Mean Lower Exposure Netherlands Belgium GSM900 limit (ICNIRP) = 41 V/m GSM900 limit = 3 V/m Measured average = 0.38 V/mMeasured average = 0.93 V/m 0.01% of limit 9.5% of limit © GSM Association 2012 J. Rowley, February 2012 Wout et al., 2012. 4
  6. 6. Precautionary Measures = Increased Concern  Study conducted in Australia, Brazil, India, Japan, Germany, The Netherlands, South Africa, UK and USA. – Dr Rajesh Shukla (National Council of Applied Economic Research, Delhi) ◄ Less concern More concern ►Base station informationPrecautionary limitsProtect sensitive areasMinimise exposure All precautionary measures increased concern. © GSM Association 2012 J. Rowley, February 2012 Wiedemann, 2011 5
  7. 7. Exposure Reduces Rapidly with Increased Distance Distance x 2 Exposure ÷ 4 Public limit Worker limit Less than 1% of limit© GSM Association 2012 Compliance zones near to the antennas.J. Rowley, February 2012 6
  8. 8. Lower Limits Mean Larger Compliance Distances… Exposure limit ÷10 Distance x3.2 Public limit Worker limit…unless power reduced. Less than 1% of limit © GSM Association 2012 Compliance zones larger for restrictive limits. J. Rowley, February 2012 7
  9. 9. Effect of Power Reductions on Coverage Current Power Reduced More AntennasContinuous coverage Gaps in coverage Similar coverage Typical exposure levels unchanged. © GSM Association 2012 J. Rowley, February 2012 8
  10. 10. Impact of So-called Exclusion Zones Example of Berlin Proposed policy - Kindergartens, schools, hospitals (circles with a radius of 300 m) Policy not adopted. Orange areas are projected gaps in mobile coverage.© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012 Copyright: T-Mobile 2001, © infas Geodaten GmbH, Bonn, ATKIS ® DTK25 © Landesverm. 9
  11. 11. Media Interest and Public Concern© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012 Wiedemann, 2011 10
  12. 12. Relationship between Policies and Public Concern Stricter legal safety standards (limits, 2010 Data-source: Special Eurobarometer 347, 2010, p. 66; exclusion zones) 66% - 100% Strong precautionary 46% - 65% advice by governments 31% - 45% 0% - 30% presentation by GSMA Europe ICNIRP Compliance Communications© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012 11
  13. 13. Comparison of EMF Limits – Base Stations Actual Regulatory Limit Confirmed 2009. Updated Canada, ICES (ICNIRP) since 2009. Updated Australia, ICNIRP since 2003. Updated Belgium regions vary 0.045 to 1.125 W/m2Council policy New Zealand, ICNIRP since 1999. Luxembourg=0.024 W/m2Council policy China=0.4 W/m2; France, ICNIRP since 2002. Switzerland, ICNIRP + sensitive areas, 2000. NGO position Germany, ICNIRP Italy=0.1 W/m2 in areas >4hours since 2003. Russia=0.1 W/m2; Hungary, ICNIRPCouncil policy Austria, ICNIRP NGO position Germany, ICNIRPCouncil policy Australia, ICNIRP since 2003. © GSM Association 2012 J. Rowley, February 2012 12
  14. 14. Harmonise with International EMF Policy India should contribute to international activities.© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012 13
  15. 15. RF Policy Principles Governments: – Evidence based limits and consistent mast policy. – Avoid policies that create alarm. – Communicate using trusted health agencies. Industry: – Demonstrate compliance with limits. – Improve dialogue and design practices. – Active partner in communication.© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012 14
  16. 16. Responding to Public Concern Perception is reality. Trust first, then information. Listen.© GSM Association 2012 http://www.gsma.com/documents/risk-J. Rowley, February 2012 communication-guide-for-mobile-phones- and-base-stations/18528 15
  17. 17. Established Risk Obey the law. Be responsible. Don’t text.© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012 http://www.michellehenry.fr/tel.htm 16
  18. 18. Health Benefits  About a quarter of UK calls to ambulances come from mobile phones. – ‘Mobile phone compared to landline reporting of emergencies resulted in significant reductions in the risk of death at the scene.’ – Equivalent to 137 fewer deaths at scene per 100,000 patients.  Mobile healthcare opportunity: – 59% of Indians interested in remote health monitoring (McKinsey, 2009). – Health lines, monitoring, emergency, data, remote diagnostics, counterfeit drugs, maternal care, rural care, disease rates and many more.© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012 17
  19. 19. Summary  Adopt evidence based policy: – WHO/ITU recommended (ICNIRP) limits. – IEC/ITU compliance standards. – Trusted communications.  Avoid: – Policies that increase concern.  Recommendation: – Establish working group of Indian and international scientists.© GSM Association 2012J. Rowley, February 2012 18
  20. 20. Thank You Contact: Dr Jack Rowley Job title: Senior Director Research & Sustainability email address: jrowley@gsm.org Tel: +353 86 806 0849 Website: www.gsma.com/health © GSM Association 2012 J. Rowley, February 2012 19

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