By Jason Roth
Melodic tools
• Improvisation takes more than just
creativity, it takes structure
• Create a story
• Know various licks!
•...
Motifs
•
•
•
•
•
•

Example from melody of a tune
Miles Davis: Relaxin with Miles
If I Were a Bell, by Frank Loesser
Phras...
Licks!
• Here is a lick
• The lick is very simple
• The lick highlights a cmaj chord
• Resolves on root
Licks (continued)
• Constructed by resolving on chord tones
Licks (continued)
• Some licks can resolve on tensions

• These are harder to master
• If a lick sounds good, then it
soun...
Practicing licks
Licks should be proficient in all keys

Take time to play hard keys slow

Play backwards

Be creative!
Li...
Three Rs
• Repertoire
• Repetition
• Relaxing
Final notes
• Improvising gets messy when one plays too
many notes
• Motifs should help one play less to express
more
• Li...
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Podcast presentation

  1. 1. By Jason Roth
  2. 2. Melodic tools • Improvisation takes more than just creativity, it takes structure • Create a story • Know various licks! • Motifs can be made from licks • Motifs will help listeners understand the story you are trying to tell • Tunes are structured using motifs
  3. 3. Motifs • • • • • • Example from melody of a tune Miles Davis: Relaxin with Miles If I Were a Bell, by Frank Loesser Phrase Slightly varied How to learn!
  4. 4. Licks! • Here is a lick • The lick is very simple • The lick highlights a cmaj chord • Resolves on root
  5. 5. Licks (continued) • Constructed by resolving on chord tones
  6. 6. Licks (continued) • Some licks can resolve on tensions • These are harder to master • If a lick sounds good, then it sounds good!
  7. 7. Practicing licks Licks should be proficient in all keys Take time to play hard keys slow Play backwards Be creative! Licks can also be useful for fast lines!
  8. 8. Three Rs • Repertoire • Repetition • Relaxing
  9. 9. Final notes • Improvising gets messy when one plays too many notes • Motifs should help one play less to express more • Listeners will be able to sing along and PARTICIPATE
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