Points for the psychological impacts on amputees. Try to discuss with class.
Define what each bullet point entails.
How people are feeling in each stage. Make sure to point out in class and possibly discuss.
Picture of someone portraying grief.
How to manage the grieving process mentally and physically.
Discuss finding with class with possible discussion.
What the research pointed out as strengths.
Weaknesses the research discussed.
How I feel the paper went and future research to be done. Discuss with class what needs to be done to help amputee and their process.
1. The Grieving and Psychological Impact on Amputees<br />Joe Rodriguez<br />Argosy University, Seattle<br />
2. Grieving and Psychological Impact on Amputees<br />2005 – 1.6 million people were living with loss of the limbs<br />Projected by 2050 will be 3.6 million (Ziegler-Graham, 2008)<br />How does amputation impact people psychologically and how does it relate to the grieving process?<br />
3. Psychologically<br />Amputee may experience many of the same emotions that accompany bereavement<br />Often pass unrecognized<br />Postoperative grief is the universal reaction to the loss of limb like that of losing a loved one<br />May lead to the more general process of mourning and perhaps later even depression<br />With grief comes the tendency for preoccupation, of introspection and to some extent a distancing of the amputee from the real world.<br />Guilt, fear and anger are not unusual emotions when losing a limb to amputation.<br />
4. Psychological factors and Coping strategies associated with poor outcomes after amputation<br />Catastrophizing<br />Perceived vulnerability<br />Avoidance<br />Helplessness<br />(Hill, 2006)<br />
5. 5 stages of Grief as associated in the context of limb loss:<br />Denial/Isolation<br /> “This is impossible. It’s not really happening!” <br />Anger<br /> “Why is this happening to me? I’m enraged!”<br />Bargaining<br /> “If I promise to be a better person, maybe I’ll get my old life back.”<br />Depression<br /> “I feel hopeless. Everything is beyond my control. Why bother trying? I give up.”<br />Acceptance<br /> “I don’t like it, but the amputation is a reality. I’ll find ways to make the best of it and go on.”<br />(Chapman, 2010)<br />
7. How to help<br />Have a close circle of family and friends<br />Eat balance diet<br />Drink enough non-alcoholic fluids<br />Get exercise<br />Have a good rest<br />
8. Findings<br />Depression among sixty-five percent of amputees (Langer,2004)<br />Distortion of body image (Fisher, 2010)<br />Emotional and Psychological Impact<br />
9. Strengths<br />Depression diminishing over time<br />Increase in support groups and agencies<br />Breakdown of emotional and psychological factors<br />
10. Weaknesses<br />In many cases taking up to ten years to see results with regard to depression<br />Decreased sexual drive or intimacy due to self-conscious and embarrassment of body appearance <br />Resources for helping people with amputees<br />
11. Conclusion<br />There is no cookbook answer to help amputees cope with their emotions, but often seeing a counselor and/or working with a peer may be helpful strategies. More research will be needed to better help amputees both psychologically and in the grieving process. I think more being done early in the process of amputation will yield better results.<br />
12. References<br />A,C. (2010). On death and dying. Grief Cycle. Retrieved March 21, 2011,<br />From http://businessballs.com<br />A,H. (2006) The role of coping with in adjustment to phantom-limb pain. <br />Psychosomatics, 47, 459-464.<br />Fisher, A.,& Thompson,D. (2010). Amputee Virtual Environment Support <br />Space-A vision for virtual military amputee support. Journal of rehabilitation<br />Research & Development, 47 (6),vii-xi.<br />K,L. (2004). Severity and patterns of self-reported symptoms in three groups.<br />Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry and Neurology, 7, 1121-1128<br />Ziegler-Grahm, K.(2008). Estimating the prevalence of limb loss in the United<br />States. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89, 422-429<br />