About the AuthorJ. Dennis Thomas is a freelance photographer based out of Austin, Texas. He’s been usinga camera for fun and proﬁt for almost 25 years. Schooled in photography ﬁrst in high schoolthen at Austin College, he has won numerous awards for both his ﬁlm and digital photogra-phy. Denny has a passion for teaching others about photography and teaches black-and-white ﬁlm photography to middle school students as well as lighting and digital photographyseminars in Austin. He enjoys all types of photography and his photographic subjects arediverse, from weddings and studio portraits to concerts and extreme sports events. He haswritten six highly successful Digital Field Guides for Wiley Publishing and has another in theworks. His work has been featured in numerous galleries, magazines, and newspapers inthe central Texas area and beyond.
CreditsAcquisitions Editor Vice President and Executive GroupCourtney Allen Publisher Richard SwadleyProject EditorJama Carter Vice President and Executive Publisher Barry PruettTechnical EditorMichael Corrado Project Coordinator Erin SmithCopy EditorLauren Kennedy Graphics and Production Specialists Andrea HornbergerEditorial Manager Jennifer MayberryRobyn B. Siesky Christin SwinfordBusiness Manager Quality Control TechnicianAmy Knies John GreenoughSenior Marketing Manager ProofreadingSandy Smith Linda Quigley Indexing Galen Schroeder
AcknowledgmentsThanks to Courtney, Cricket, Jama, and Laura at Wiley. Thanks to Robert at Precision Camerain Austin for always getting me the camera as soon as it arrives. A special thanks to every-one who appears in my photos, without you the images would have no subject.
ContentsAcknowledgments vii Shooting Info Display 24 Chapter 2: Nikon D700Part I: Using the Essentials 31Nikon D700 1Chapter 1: Exploring the NikonD700 3 Exposure Modes 31 Programmed Auto 32 Aperture Priority 33 Shutter Priority 34 Manual 35 Metering Modes 36D700 FX-format CMOS Sensor 3 Matrix 36 From analog to digital 4 Center-weighted 38 CMOS versus CCD 4 Spot 39 CCD 4 Focus Modes 39 CMOS 4 How the D700 autofocus Pixels 5 works 39 Micro-lenses 5 Phase detection 40 Interpreting color 5 Contrast detection 40Key Components of the D700 5 Continuous 40 Top of the camera 6 Single 41 Back of the camera 8 Manual 41 Front of the camera 11 Autofocus Area Modes 41 Right front 12 Single-area AF 42 Left front 13 Dynamic-area AF 42 Sides and bottom of camera 14 9 points 43 Right side 14 21 points 43 Left side 15 51 points 43 Bottom 15 51 points (3D-tracking) 43Viewﬁnder Display 16 Auto-area AF 43Control Panel 20
ISO Sensitivity 44 Playback Menu 65 Auto ISO 44 Delete 66 Noise reduction 45 Playback folder 67 Long exposure NR 46 Hide image 67 High ISO NR 46 Display mode 67White Balance 47 Image review 68 What is Kelvin? 47 After delete 68 White balance settings 48 Rotate tall 69Picture Controls 51 Slide show 69 Original Picture Controls 51 Print set (DPOF) 69 Optional Picture Controls 52 Shooting Menu 70 Custom Picture Controls 52 Shooting menu bank 70JPEG 57 Reset shooting menu 72TIFF 59 Active folder 72Image Size 59 File naming 73Image Quality 59 Image quality 73NEF (RAW) 60 Image size 74 Type of compression 60 Image area 74 Bit depth 61 JPEG compression 75Live View 63 NEF (RAW) recording 75 White balance 76Chapter 3: Setting Up Using standard WBthe Nikon D700 65 settings 76 Choosing a color temperature 77 Preset white balance 78 Set Picture Control 80 Manage Picture Control 81 Color space 82 Active D-Lighting 82 Vignette control 83 Long exp. NR 84 High ISO NR 84 ISO sensitivity settings 85 Live view 85 Multiple exposure 85 Interval timer shooting 86 Custom Settings Menu 87 Custom setting bank 87 Reset custom settings 87 CSM a – Autofocus 87 a1 – AF-C priority selection 87 a2 – AF-S priority selection 88
a3 – Dynamic AF area 88 d11 – Battery order 94 a4 – Focus tracking with CSM e – Bracketing/ﬂash 95 lock-on 89 e1 – Flash sync speed 95 a5 – AF activation 89 e2 – Flash shutter speed 95 a6 – AF point illumination 89 e3 – Flash cntrl for a7 – Focus point built-in ﬂash 95 wrap-around 89 e4 – Modeling ﬂash 96 a8 – AF point selection 89 e5 – Auto bracketing set 96 a9 – Built-in AF-assist e6 – Auto bracketing illuminator 89 (Mode M) 96 a10 – AF-ON for MB-D10 90 e7 – Bracketing order 96CSM b – Metering/exposure 90 CSM f – Controls 96 b1 – ISO sensitivity step f1 – Switch 96 value 90 f2 – Multi selector center b2 – EV steps for exposure button 97 cntrl. 91 f3 – Multi selector 98 b3 – Exp comp/ﬁne tune 91 f4 – Photo info/playback 98 b4 – Easy exposure f5 – Assign FUNC. button 98 compensation 91 f6 – Assign preview b5 – Center-weighted area 91 button 100 b6 – Fine tune optimal f7 – Assign AE-L/AF-L exposure 91 button 100CSM c – Timers/AE lock 92 f8 – Shutter spd & c1 – Shutter-release aperture lock 100 button AE-L 92 f9 – Customize c2 – Auto meter-off delay 92 command dials 100 c3 – Self-timer delay 92 f10 – Release button c4 – Monitor off delay 92 to use dial 101CSM d – Shooting/display 92 f11 – No memory card? 101 d1 – Beep 92 f12 – Reverse indicators 101 d2 – Viewﬁnder grid Setup Menu 101 display 92 Format memory card 102 d3 – Screen tips 93 LCD brightness 102 d4 – CL mode shooting Clean image sensor 102 speed 93 Lock mirror up for cleaning 103 d5 – Max. continuous Video mode 103 release 93 HDMI 103 d6 – File number World time 103 sequence 93 Language 103 d7 – Shooting info display 94 Image comment 104 d8 – LCD illumination 94 Auto image rotation 104 d9 – Exposure delay mode 94 Dust off ref photo 104 d10 – MB-D10 battery Battery info 104 type 94 Wireless transmitter 105
Image authentication 105 Third-Party Lenses 135 Copyright information 105 Sigma 135 Save/load settings 105 Tamron 136 GPS 105 Tokina 137 Virtual horizon 106 Lens Accessories 137 Non-CPU lens data 106 Teleconverters 137 AF ﬁne tune 107 Extension tubes 138 Firmware version 108 Filters 138Retouch Menu 108My Menu 109 Chapter 5: EssentialQuick Settings Display 110 Photography Concepts 141Part II: Capturing GreatImages with the NikonD700 113Chapter 4: Selecting andUsing Lenses 115Wide-Angle and Ultrawide Lenses 116 When to use a wide-angle lens 119 Understanding limitations 119 Exposure 141Mid-Range or Standard Zoom Shutter speed 142 Lenses 120 Using fast shutter speeds 142Telephoto Lenses 123 Using slow shutter speeds 143Special Purpose Lenses 126 ISO 145 Perspective Control lenses 126 Aperture 146 Macro (Micro-NIKKOR) Understanding Depth of Field 146 lenses 128 Exposure Compensation 148 Fisheye lenses 129 Histograms 149Using VR Lenses 130 Bracketing 154Using DX Lenses 131 White Balance bracketing 157
Chapter 6: Working Flash Exposure Compensation 168with Light 159 Fill ﬂash 168 Bounce ﬂash 170 Nikon Creative Lighting System Basics 171 Understanding the Creative Lighting System 172 Speedlights 173 SB-900 Speedlight 173 SB-800 Speedlight 174 SB-600 Speedlight 174 SB-400 Speedlight 175 SU-800 Wireless Speedlight commander 175 R1/R1C1 Macro ﬂash 176 Using the Built-In Speedlight 177 Studio Strobes 178 Continuous Lighting 181 Incandescent and halogen 182 Fluorescent 183 HMI 184 Light Modiﬁers 184 Umbrellas 184Natural Light 159 Softboxes 185D700 Flash Basics 160 Diffusion panels 186 Achieving proper exposures 161 Other light modiﬁers 187 Guide Number 161 Aperture 162 Chapter 7: Advanced Distance 162 Shooting Techniques 191 GN / Distance = Aperture 162 Flash exposure modes 162 i-TTL 162 Manual 163 Auto 163 Auto Aperture 163 Guide Number distance priority 163 Repeating ﬂash 163 Flash sync modes 164 Action and Sports Photography 191 Sync speed 164 Techniques 193 Front-curtain sync 165 Action and sports Red-eye reduction 165 photography tips 196 Slow sync 166 Rear-curtain sync 167
Architectural Photography 196 Retouch Menu Options 228 Perspective 197 D-Lighting 228 Architectural photography Red-eye correction 228 tips 199 Trim 229Concert Photography 200 Monochrome 229 Techniques 201 Filter effects 231 Concert photography tips 204 Color balance 231Macro Photography 205 Image overlay 232 Macro lens alternatives 206 Side-by-side comparison 233 Macro photography tips 207Night Photography 208 Techniques 208 Part III: Appendixes 235 Night photography tips 209 Appendix A: Accessories 237Portrait Photography 210 Studio considerations 211 Portrait lighting patterns 212 Posing and composition considerations 214 Indoor 217 Outdoor 218 Portrait photography tips 219Product and Still-Life Photography 219 Considerations 219 Product and still-life MB-D10 Battery Grip 237 photography tips 221 WT-4a Wireless Transmitter 238Wildlife Photography 221 ML-3 Modulite Remote Considerations 222 Control Set 239 Wildlife photography tips 224 MC-36 Multi-Function Remote Cord 239Chapter 8: Viewing and Tripods 239In-Camera Editing 225 When to use a tripod 240 Which tripod is right for you? 241 Camera Bags and Cases 241 Appendix B: D700 Speciﬁcations 243Viewing Your Images 225The Retouch menu 226
Appendix C: Online Photo Sharing and Critiquing Sites 250Resources 249 Flickr.com 250 Photoworkshop.com 250 ShotAddict.com 250 Online Photography Magazines 250 Communication Arts 250 Digital Photographer 250 Digital Photo Pro 250 Outdoor Photographer 250 Photo District News 250 Popular PhotographyInformational Web Sites 249 & Imaging 250 Nikonusa.com 249 Shutterbug 250 Nikon School 249 Glossary 251 Nikonians.org 249 Photo.net 250 Index 257
IntroductionWelcome to the Nikon D700 Digital Field Guide. This guide is a handy reference book to getyou started using your new camera and help you understand the different features andfunctions that this amazing camera offers.It is aimed at a wide variety of readers, from beginners to advanced amateurs. Some of youare familiar with many of the concepts, while others of you may be new to digital photogra-phy with a digital single lens reﬂex (dSLR) or new to photography altogether. You’ll ﬁndsections to help you, regardless of your level.With its many different buttons and features, the D700 can be daunting. My goal is toexplain these settings and features as clearly as possible as you learn the layout of the D700and how to use the features out in the ﬁeld.About the D700The D700 is the little brother to the D3, which came on the market August 2007. The D3was Nikon’s ﬁrst camera with a 24 × 36mm full-frame sensor (which Nikon dubs FX).Unfortunately the $5,000 price tag was a bit beyond what most casual photographers couldafford. Nikon addressed the need for a more affordable FX camera with a more compactbody, and announced the D700 on July 1, 2008. The D700 is essentially a D3 within thebody of a D300.The D700’s FX sensor is identical to the D3’s 12.1 megapixel CMOS sensor. One of theadvantages of having a larger FX sensor is that you have larger pixels that collect light moreeffectively; this enables you to use higher ISO settings without digital noise.Another advantage is that the D700’s FX sensor allows you to use your lenses without wor-rying about the pesky “crop factor” that plagues the DX camera lines. Indeed, a 28mm lensis once again a wide-angle lens on the D700. For those of you who started with a DX cam-era and purchased DX-only lenses such as Nikon’s AF-S 17-55mm f/2.8, no worries. Nikonhas built in a feature that allows the D700 to crop down to a DX-sized image; this way youcan use your DX lenses effectively on the D700 camera body, albeit the sensor resolution isreduced from 12.1 megapixels to 5.1 megapixels. The D700 is compatible with almost allthe Nikon lenses ever made. Nikon lenses are world renowned for their quality and durabil-ity. You can use hundreds of different lenses on the D700, and any new lens Nikon releaseswill be compatible.
xx IntroductionThe D700 is also compatible with Nikon’s proprietary Creative Lighting System. The D700has a built-in ﬂash with a wireless commander mode so, unlike the D3 without a pop-upﬂash, the D700 can control a number of off-camera Speedlights wirelessly for the ultimatecontrol of your lighting. You can use the D700 with a number of Nikon’s Speedlights, fromthe new ﬂagship ﬂash, the SB-900, on down to the SB-800, SB-600, SB-400, or the macrolighting kit, the R1C1.As with all Nikon professional cameras, the D700 boasts a sturdy magnesium-framed bodythat is augmented by weather-sealing gaskets made to keep dust, dirt, and moisture fromgetting inside the camera body and damaging the internal components. The D700’s ruggedyet compact camera body can withstand the abuse of any demanding photographer andshould last for years to come.Although the D700 is relatively affordable, Nikon hasn’t stripped down any of its features assome other camera manufacturers are known to do. The D700 sports the same impressiveMulti-CAM 3500FX 51-point autofocus (AF) system as the D3, the D3’s EXPEED imagingprocessor, and a 14-bit analog-to-digital converter, as well as 16-bit image processing. Likethe D3 and the D300, the D700 is also equipped with the versatile Live View function,which allows you to compose your images on the amazing high-resolution, 922,000-pixel,3-inch LCD screen — a handy feature for framing subjects that may be difﬁcult when you’relooking through the viewﬁnder.All in all, as you’ve gathered by now, the D700 is an impressive, durable camera in a com-pact body that offers many features you previously could only ﬁnd in the substantially moreexpensive D3, and that will be sure to last for many years to come.
Using the P A R TNikon D700 I ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦ In This Part Chapter 1 Exploring the Nikon D700 Chapter 2 Nikon D700 Essentials Chapter 3 Setting Up the Nikon D700 ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦
Exploring theNikon D700 ✦ 1 C H A P T E R ✦ ✦ ✦T he Nikon D700 is considered one of Nikon’s pro-level performance camera models and, therefore, has manymore buttons, dials, and knobs than most consumer and mid-level cameras. This makes it faster and easier to access the con- In This Chapter D700 FX-format CMOS sensortrols that are used most, especially for advanced or professionalphotographers. To use the same functions in consumer cam- Key components of the D700eras such as the D60 and D90, you need to navigate the menufunctions, which can cost precious time when you are in the Viewﬁnder displaymidst of shooting. Instead of pressing the Multi-selector tentimes to ﬁnd the correct option in the menu system, you simply Control panelpress one button and rotate a dial — it’s quick and easy Shooting info displayWith its many buttons and dials, the D700 can be daunting,especially if you are upgrading from a consumer camera, are ✦ ✦ ✦ ✦new to photography in general, or are switching camerabrands. This chapter helps you become familiar with theD700’s various features, as well as the LCD control panel andviewﬁnder displays.D700 FX-formatCMOS SensorThe FX-format CMOS (Complimentary Metal Oxide Semi-conductor) sensor is arguably the most important part of thecamera and the main reason why many photographers buythe D700. For quite a few years, Nikon has been using APS-Csized sensors (which they call DX-format) in all their cameras.They are about 24mm × 16mm and because they are muchsmaller than a standard frame of 35mm ﬁlm, lenses are sub-ject to a “crop factor.” This causes the lenses to perform differ-ently than they have on ﬁlm cameras. Finally Nikon releasedthe D3, their ﬁrst “full-frame,” or FX, dSLR, meaning that thesensor is the same size as a standard frame of 35mm ﬁlm.This allows lenses to perform exactly as they had with ﬁlm
4 Part I ✦ Using the Nikon D700cameras, giving you the same angle of view. consumer level D90. Although CMOS andUnfortunately, the D3 was a bit expensive, CCD sensors do the same job, they do it dif-out of the price range for most amateurs. ferently and each type of sensor has its ownSurprisingly, not long after the launch of the strengths and weaknesses.D3, Nikon released a dSLR that is essentiallya D3 in a D300-sized body at nearly half the CCDprice. This amazing 36 × 24mm, 12 mega- The name Charge Coupled Device refers topixel CMOS sensor gives almost no noise, how the sensor moves the electrical chargeseven at ISO settings up to 6400. created by the photons that the pixels have For more information on DX sen- collected. The CCD sensor moves these sors and lenses, see Chapter 4. electrical charges from the ﬁrst row of pixels to a shift register (a digital circuit that allows the charges to be shifted down the line) andFrom analog to digital from there, the signal is ampliﬁed so the A/D converter can read it. The sensor thenBelieve it or not, digital image sensors are repeats the processes with each row of pix-actually analog devices that capture light els until every row of pixels on the sensorjust like emulsion on a piece of ﬁlm. When has been processed. This is a pretty precisethe shutter is opened, light from the scene method of transfer, but in digital terms it’sthat you’re photographing, whether it be quite slow. It requires a large amount ofsunlight or ﬂash, travels through the lens power, relatively speaking, so it uses moreand is projected (hopefully in focus) onto of the camera battery, which equals fewerthe sensor. Each sensor has millions of pix- shots per charge. CCD sensors have a higherels, which act as a receptacle that collects signal to noise ratio; which makes them lessindividual photons of light. A photon is a prone to high ISO noise than CMOS sensorsquantum particle of light, which is a form of and enables them to provide a higher imageelectromagnetic radiation. The more pho- quality.tons the pixel collects, the brighter the areais; conversely, if the pixel doesn’t collect alot of photons, the area is dark. CMOS Just like a CCD sensor, a CMOS sensor hasEach pixel has a photodiode that converts millions of pixels and photodiodes. Thethese photons into minute electrical charges main difference between the CMOS andthat the Analog/Digital (A/D) converter CCD sensor is that each pixel has its ownreads. The A/D converter renders this ana- ampliﬁer and it converts the charge to volt-log data into digital data that can be utilized age on the spot. It’s much more efﬁcient toby Nikon’s EXPEED imaging processor. transfer voltage than it is to transfer a charge; therefore, CMOS sensors use less power than CCDs. Multiple channels of sensor dataCMOS versus CCD can also be sent out at the same time, soAbout half of Nikon’s dSLRs use Charge the CMOS sensor can send the data to theCoupled Device (CCD) sensors, although A/D converter much faster. CMOS chips areNikon appears to be moving away from this also cheaper to manufacture than CCDs.technology by putting a CMOS sensor in the
Chapter 1 ✦ Exploring the Nikon D700 5Pixels pattern. (Dr. Bryce Bayer was a scientist at Kodak who developed this pattern.) TheThe more pixels the sensor has, the higher Bayer pattern lays the ﬁlters out in an arraythe resolution of the sensor. However, pack- that consists of 50 percent green, 25 per-ing more pixels onto a sensor means that cent blue, and 25 percent red. The greenalthough the resolution is higher, each pixel ﬁlters are luminance (brightness) sensitivebecomes less effective at gathering light elements and the red and blue ﬁlters arebecause its much smaller. A larger pixel is chrominance (color) sensitive elements.more effective at gathering photons; there- Twice as many green ﬁlters are used to sim-fore you get a wider dynamic range and a ulate human eyesight given our eyes arebetter signal-to-noise ratio, which means more sensitive to green than to red or blue.less inherent noise and the ability to achievea higher ISO sensitivity. The camera determines the colors in the image by a process called demosaicing. InOne of the reasons that Nikon chose to use demosaicing, the camera interpolates thea lower resolution sensor on their full-frame red, green, and blue data for each pixel bysensor than their competitors do is to keep using information from adjacent pixels.the pixel size larger, thereby allowing better Interpolation is a mathematical process inlow-light capability. The D700 and D3 sen- which sets of known data are used to deter-sor has a pixel size of 8.5 microns, which is mine new data points. (I like to call it anthe largest pixel pitch of any digital sensor educated guess.)on the market at this time.Micro-lensesIn addition to having larger pixels to gather Key Componentsmore light, camera manufacturers placemicro-lenses over the pixels. These micro- of the D700lenses collect the light and focus them onto If you’ve used a Nikon dSLR before, youthe photodiode much the same way the should be pretty familiar with the basic but-camera lens focuses the image onto the tons and switches that you need to do thesensor. By making the micro-lenses larger, basic settings. In this section, I cover theNikon has decreased the gaps between the camera from all sides and break down thepixels, increasing the effective light gather- layout so that you know what everything oning ability of each one. the surface of the camera does. Although you can access many features withInterpreting color just the push of a button, oftentimes youThe light-sensitive pixels on the sensor only can change the same setting using menumeasure the brightness in relation to how options. The great thing about the buttons,many photons it has gathered, so the basic however, is that they give you speedy accessimage captured is, in effect, black and white. to important settings — settings you will useTo determine color information, the pixels often. Missing shots because you are search-are covered with red, green, or blue colored ing through the menu options can get irritat-ﬁlters. These ﬁlters are arranged in a Bayer ing fast, which is one of the key reasons
6 Part I ✦ Using the Nikon D700most people upgrade from a consumer is turned on. When you push themodel camera to a professional-grade cam- spring-loaded switch all the way toera like the D700. the right, the top-panel LCD illumi- nator turns on. This enables you to For information about speciﬁc view your settings when in a dimly menus and their functions, see lit environment. The LCD illumina- Chapter 3. tor turns off automatically after a few seconds or when the shutter is released. In Custom Settings menuTop of the camera (CSM) f1, you can also specify thatThe most important buttons are on the top this switch be used to display theof the D700. This is where you’ll ﬁnd the Shooting info display on the rearbuttons for the settings you’ll tend to change LCD screen.most frequently. I’ve also included is a brief ✦ Exposure mode button. This but-description of some of the features you will ton is used in conjunction with theﬁnd on the top of the lens in this section. Main Command dial and allowsAlthough your lens may vary, most of the you to change among the differentfeatures are quite similar from lens to lens. exposure modes. You can choose Programmed Auto (P), Shutter ✦ Shutter Release button. In my Priority (S), Aperture Priority (A), opinion, this is the most important or Manual (M) modes. This button button on the camera. Halfway also doubles as a format button pressing this button activates the when you press it down in con- camera’s autofocusing and light junction with the Delete button. meter. When you fully depress this Pressing and holding down these button, the shutter is released and two buttons simultaneously allows a photograph is taken. When the you to format your CompactFlash camera is set to CL or Ch, pressing (CF) card without entering the and holding this button takes a Setup menu. sequence of photos. When the ✦ Exposure Compensation button. camera has been idle and has Pressing this button in conjunction “gone to sleep,” lightly pressing the with spinning the Main Command Shutter Release button wakes the dial allows you to modify the expo- camera up. When the image review sure that is set by the D700’s light is on, lightly pressing the Shutter meter or the exposure you set in Release button turns off the LCD Manual exposure mode. Turning the control panel and prepares the Main Command dial to the right camera for another shot. decreases exposure, while turning ✦ On/Off switch/LCD illuminator. the dial to the left increases the This switch turns on the camera. exposure. This button also doubles It’s concentric with the Shutter as the camera reset button when Release button. You push the used in conjunction with the Quality switch all the way to the left to turn button. Pressing these buttons at the camera off. When the switch is the same time restores the camera in the center position, the camera to the factory default settings.
Chapter 1 ✦ Exploring the Nikon D700 7✦ LCD control panel. This displays quality of the JPEG if you are shoot- many of the main camera settings. ing that format. You can choose I cover this panel in detail later in from RAW, TIFF, JPEG, or RAW + this chapter. JPEG. Your JPEGs are saved at Fine, Normal, or Basic quality. Rotating✦ Focal plane mark. The focal plane the Sub-command dial while press- mark shows you where the plane ing this button allows you to change of the CMOS image sensor is inside the size of the image when the the camera. The sensor isn’t exactly camera is set to save in TIFF, JPEG, where the mark is; the sensor is or RAW + JPEG. Rotating the Sub- directly behind the lens opening. command dial when the camera is When doing certain types of pho- set to save RAW ﬁles has no effect. tography, particularly macro pho- tography using a bellows lens, you For more information on image need to measure the length of the quality and size settings, see bellows from the front element of Chapter 2. the lens to the focal plane. This is where the focal plane mark comes ✦ ISO button. Press this button and in handy. rotate the Main Command dial to change the ISO sensitivity. The✦ Hot shoe. You attach an accessory higher the ISO setting, the less light ﬂash to the camera body here. The needed to make an exposure. The hot shoe has an electronic contact ISO value is displayed on the LCD that tells the ﬂash to ﬁre when the control panel while the ISO button shutter is released. There are also a is pressed. The ISO value is also dis- number of other electronic contacts played in the viewﬁnder. To learn that allow the camera to communi- more about ISO, see Chapter 2. cate with the ﬂash to enable the automated features of a dedicated ✦ White Balance button. Press ﬂash unit such as the SB-600. this button and rotate the Main Command dial to choose from one✦ Release Mode dial. Rotating this of the predeﬁned white balance dial changes the release mode of (WB) settings such as Daylight, the camera. You can choose from Incandescent, or Fluorescent. You Single shot, Continuous Low mode, can also choose to set your own Continuous High mode, Live View, WB (PRE) or choose a speciﬁc color Self-timer, and Mirror up. To rotate temperature (K). White balance the dial, you must press the is used to compensate for the Release Mode dial lock release. effect that different colored light✦ Release Mode dial lock release. sources have on your photos. This button locks the Release Mode Adjusting the WB gives your images dial to prevent it from accidentally a natural look. When the D700 is being changed. set to a predeﬁned WB, holding✦ Quality button. Press this button the button and rotating the Sub- and rotate the Main Command dial command dial allows you to adjust to change the ﬁle format that your the WB by making it cooler (right) camera is saving in as well as the or warmer (left). For more on white balance settings, see Chapter 2.
8 Part I ✦ Using the Nikon D700 ✦ Focus ring. Rotating the focus ring ✦ Focus distance scale. This displays enables you to manually focus the the approximate distance from the lens. With some lenses, such as the camera to the subject. high-end Nikkor AF-S lenses, you can manually adjust the focus at any time. On other lenses, typically older Back of the camera and non-Nikon lenses and con- The buttons that mainly control playback sumer-level AF-S lenses, you must and menu options are on the back of the switch the lens to Manual focus to camera, although there are a few that con- disable the focusing mechanism. trol some of the shooting functions. Most of ✦ Zoom ring. Rotating the zoom ring the buttons have more than one function — enables you to change the focal a lot of them are used in conjunction with length of the lens. Prime lenses do the Main Command dial or the Multi- not have a zoom ring. selector. You will also ﬁnd several key fea- tures, including the all-important viewﬁnder For more information on lenses, see Chapter 4. and LCD screen. Zoom ring Focus ring Focus distance scale Exposure mode button On/Off switch/LCD illuminator Release Mode dial lock release Shutter Release button Exposure Compensation Quality button button White Balance button Focal plane mark Release Mode dial ISO button Hot shoe LCD control panelImage courtesy of Nikon, Inc.1.1 Top of the camera controls
Chapter 1 ✦ Exploring the Nikon D700 9✦ LCD screen. This is the most obvi- ✦ Diopter adjustment control. Just ous feature on the back of the to the right of the viewﬁnder is the camera. Nikon’s 3-inch, 920,000- Diopter adjustment control. Use dot liquid crystal display (LCD) this control to adjust the viewﬁnder screen is, so far, the highest resolu- lens to suit your individual vision tion LCD on the market today (the differences (not everyone’s eyesight D3 and D300 share this feature). is the same). To adjust this, look The LCD screen is where you through the viewﬁnder; if the view- review your images after shooting, ﬁnder display, focus points, and AF or compose them using Live View. area brackets aren’t quite sharp, The menus are also displayed here. pull out the button and turn the Diopter adjustment control until✦ Viewﬁnder. This is what you look everything appears in focus. When through to compose your photo- you are satisﬁed with the results, graphs (unless you’re using Live be sure to push the button back in. View). Light coming through the lens is reﬂected from a mirror up ✦ Metering Mode dial. You use this to a pentaprism that reﬂects the dial to choose the metering mode: image through the viewﬁnder to Matrix, Center-weighted, or Spot your eye, enabling you to see metering. This dial is concentric exactly what you’re shooting (as with the Auto-Exposure/Autofocus opposed to a rangeﬁnder camera, lock (AE-L/AF-L) button. which gives you an approximate ✦ AE-L/AF-L button. The AE-L/AF-L view). Around the viewﬁnder is a button is used to lock the Auto- rubber eyepiece that serves to give Exposure (AE) and Autofocus (AF). you a softer place to rest your eye This button can be customized to and to block any extra light from perform several different functions entering the viewﬁnder as you in CSM f7. compose and shoot your images. Looking in the viewﬁnder you will ✦ AF-ON button. The Autofocus On also see a control panel; more on button activates the AF mechanism this later in the chapter. without your having to press the Shutter Release button. When in✦ Eyepiece shutter lever. Flipping Single Focus mode, the AF-ON but- this lever closed closes a shutter ton also locks in the focus until the over the viewﬁnder. You can use button is released. this option when you are shooting without looking directly in the ✦ Main Command dial. You use this viewﬁnder (for example, with timed dial to change a variety of settings exposures on a tripod or when depending on which button you you’re using Live View). This stops are using in conjunction with it. By light from entering into the view- default, it is used to change the ﬁnder and fooling the camera’s shutter speed when you’re in exposure meter, causing it to S and M mode. It can also be underexpose. You must also close used with the ISO, QUAL, and this lever to remove the eyepiece. WB buttons.
10 Part I ✦ Using the Nikon D700✦ Multi-selector. The Multi-selector ✦ Delete button. When reviewing is another button that serves a few your pictures, if you ﬁnd some that different purposes. When the D700 you don’t want to keep, you can is in Playback mode, you use the delete them by pressing this button, Multi-selector to scroll through the marked with a trashcan icon. To photographs you’ve taken, and you prevent the accidental deletion of can also use it to view image infor- images, the camera displays a dia- mation such as histograms and log box asking you to conﬁrm that shooting settings. When the camera you want to erase the picture. Press is in Shooting mode, you can use the Delete button a second time to the Multi-selector to change the permanently erase the image. active focus point when the camera ✦ Menu button. Press this button to is in Single-point or Dynamic-area access the D700 menu options. AF mode. There are a number of different✦ Focus selector lock. You can menus including Playback, Shooting, use this switch to lock the active Custom Settings, and Retouch. Use focus point so it’s not accidentally the Multi-selector to choose the changed if the Multi-selector is menu you want to view. pushed. Slide the switch to the ✦ Protect/Help button. The Protect L position to lock the focus point. button has the icon of a key on it.✦ AF Area Mode selector. You use The primary use of the Protect but- this three-position switch to choose ton is to lock the image to prevent among focus modes: Single-area AF, it from being deleted. You can only Dynamic-area AF, or Auto-area AF. access this function when the cam- era is in Playback mode. When✦ Info button. Press this button once viewing the image you want to pro- to view the Shooting info display, tect, simply press this button. A which displays the current camera small key icon will be displayed in settings. Press this button twice to the upper-right-hand corner of enter the Quick Settings Display, images that are protected. Pressing which allows you to quickly change the Shutter Release button lightly a few options such as Noise brings you back to default shooting Reduction, Picture Controls, and mode. When you’re viewing the color space. menu options, pressing this button✦ CF card access lamp. This lamp displays a help screen that explains lights up to let you know that data the functions of that particular is being transferred between the menu option. camera and the CF card. Under no ✦ Thumbnail/Zoom out button. In circumstance should you remove Playback mode, pressing this but- the CF card while this lamp is lit. ton allows you to go from full-✦ Playback button. Pressing this frame playback (or viewing the button displays the most recently whole image) to viewing thumb- taken photograph. You can also nails. You can view thumbnails view other pictures by pressing the either four images or nine images Multi-selector left and right. on a page.
Chapter 1 ✦ Exploring the Nikon D700 11 ✦ Zoom in button. When reviewing ✦ OK button. When you’re in the your images, you can press the Menu mode, press this button Zoom in button to get a closer look to select the menu item that is at the details of your image. This is a highlighted. handy feature for checking the sharp- ness and focus of your shot. When you’re zoomed in, use the Multi- Front of the camera selector to navigate around within The front of the D700 (lens facing you) is the image. To view your other where you ﬁnd the buttons to quickly adjust images at the same zoom ratio, the ﬂash settings as well as some camera rotate the Main Command dial. To return to full-frame playback, press focusing options, and with certain lenses the Zoom out button. You may have you will ﬁnd buttons that control focusing to press the Zoom out button multi- and Vibration Reduction (VR). ple times depending on how much you have zoomed in. Viewfinder Diopter adjustment control Eyepiece shutter lever Metering Mode dial Delete button AE-L/AF-L button AF-ON button Playback Main button Command dial Menu button CF card door Multi-selector Protect/Help Multi-selector button center buttonThumbnail/Zoom Focus selector out button lock Zoom in button AF Area Mode selector OK button LCD screen CF card access lamp Info buttonImage courtesy of Nikon, Inc.1.2 Back of the camera controls
12 Part I ✦ Using the Nikon D700Right front ✦ Flash pop-up button. Press this button to open and activate theThe right front of the camera has the follow- built-in ﬂash.ing controls: ✦ Flash mode button. Pressing this ✦ Built-in ﬂash. This option is a button and rotating the Main handy feature that allows you to Command dial on the rear of the take sharp pictures in low-light situ- camera allows you to choose a ations. Although it’s not as versatile ﬂash mode. You can choose from as one of the external Nikon among Front-Curtain Sync, Red-Eye Speedlights, such as the SB-800 or Reduction, Red-Eye Reduction with SB-600, you can use the built-in Slow sync, Slow Sync, and Rear- ﬂash very effectively and it is great Curtain Sync. Pressing the Flash for snapshots. However, I don’t rec- mode button and rotating the Sub- ommend using this without ﬁrst command dial, located just below getting a pop-up ﬂash diffuser. The the Shutter Release button, enables best feature of the built-in ﬂash is you to adjust the Flash Exposure you can also use it as a com- Compensation (FEC). FEC allows mander unit to trigger Nikon CLS- you to adjust the ﬂash output to compatible Speedlights wirelessly make the ﬂash brighter or dimmer for off-camera use. depending on your needs. For more on using ﬂash, see Chapter 6. Built-in flash Flash pop-up button Flash mode button Flash sync terminal cover 10-pin remote terminal cover Lens release button Focus mode selectorImage courtesy of Nikon, Inc.1.3 Right front camera controls
Chapter 1 ✦ Exploring the Nikon D700 13 ✦ Flash sync terminal cover. is in Auto-area AF mode, or when Underneath this rubber cover is the in Dynamic- or Single-area AF and ﬂash sync terminal. This terminal, the focus point is set to the center also known as PC sync, allows you position. This illuminator also to connect a PC cord to trigger an shines when the Speedlight is set external ﬂash or studio strobe. to Red-Eye Reduction mode. The light shines on the subject, causing ✦ 10-pin remote terminal cover. the pupils to contract, which Underneath this rubber cover is the reduces the red-eye effect. When 10-pin remote terminal. This termi- the self-timer is activated, this light nal allows the camera to be con- blinks to count down the timer. It’s nected to a variety of accessories. recommended that you remove Some of these include the Nikon your lens hood when using this MC-30 remote shutter release cord feature because the hood can block and Global Positioning System the light reducing the effectiveness. (GPS) devices. ✦ Sub-command dial. You use this ✦ Lens Release button. This button dial, by default, to change the aper- disengages the locking mechanism ture setting when in Aperture of the lens, allowing the lens to be Priority and Manual exposure rotated and removed from the lens mode. You also use it to change mount. JPEG ﬁle size when used with the ✦ Focus Mode selector. This three- QUAL button and to ﬁne-tune way switch is used to choose which white balance when used with the focus mode the camera operates WB button. When you use the Sub- in: Single AF (AF-S), Continuous AF command dial in conjunction with (AF-C), or Manual (M) focus. Keep the Flash mode button, you can in mind that your lens may also adjust the Flash Exposure have a focus mode switch and that Compensation (FEC) it must be in the A or M/A position ✦ Depth-of-ﬁeld preview button. to work with the AF-S or AF-C While using the camera’s default modes. settings, pressing this button stops down the aperture of the lens so youLeft front can preview how much of the sub-The left front of the camera has the follow- ject is in focus (the depth of ﬁeld).ing controls: The image in the viewﬁnder gets darker as the aperture decreases. ✦ AF-assist illuminator. This is an You can also customize the Depth- LED that shines on the subject to of-ﬁeld preview button in CSM f6 or help the camera to focus when the in the Quick Settings Display. lighting is dim. The AF-assist illumi- nator only lights when it’s in Single For more information on aper- tures, see Chapter 5. Focus mode and when the camera
14 Part I ✦ Using the Nikon D700 AF-assist illuminator Sub-command dial Depth-of-field preview button Function buttonImage courtesy of Nikon, Inc.1.4 Left front camera controls ✦ Function button. You can custom- use if you would like to view your images ize the Function (Fn) button to per- straight from the camera as a slide show on form different functions depending your television. Or you may have a high- on user preference. You can use it deﬁnition (HD) monitor in your studio and to set exposure, ﬂash, WB bracket- use the Live View function along with ing, ﬂash value (FV) lock, and a Camera Control Pro 2 to view your images number of other settings. You can in HD before you even release the shutter. set the Function button in CSM f4. You can also attach an AC adaptor for those long studio shoots that require plenty of For more information on the CSM, see Chapter 3. juice without worrying about the batteries giving out on you. The output terminals areSides and bottom ✦ Standard video out. You use this connection, ofﬁcially calledof camera Standard video output, to connectThe sides and bottom of the camera have the camera to a standard TV or VCR for viewing your images on-screen.places for connecting and inserting things The D700 is connected with thesuch as cables, batteries, and memory cards. EG-D100 video cable that is sup- plied with the camera.Right side ✦ HDMI out. You use the HDMI (High-The D700’s various output terminals are on Deﬁnition Multimedia Interface)the right side of the camera (with the lens output terminal to connect the cam-facing you). These are the connections you era to an HD television (HDTV). The
Chapter 1 ✦ Exploring the Nikon D700 15 camera is connected with an Left side optional Type A HDMI cable that The CF card slot cover is on the left side of you can purchase at an electronics the camera (with the lens facing you). Slide store. this cover back and the door springs open. ✦ DC power in. This AC adapter input Insert the CF card with label side facing connection allows you to plug the toward the back of the camera. Press the D700 into a standard electrical out- card ﬁrmly in until the grey button pops out. let using the Nikon EH-5 or EH-5a To eject the card, ﬁrmly press the grey but- AC adapter. This allows you to ton until the CF card is loose. operate the camera without drain- ing your batteries. The AC adapter is available separately from Nikon. Bottom The bottom of the camera has a few fea- ✦ USB 2.0 port. This is where the USB tures that are quite important: cable plugs in to attach the camera to your computer to transfer images ✦ Battery chamber cover. This cov- straight from the camera. You can ers the chamber that holds the also use the USB cable to connect EN-EL3e battery that is supplied the camera to the computer when with your D700. you’re using Nikon’s optional Camera Control Pro 2 software. ✦ Tripod socket. This is where you attach a tripod or monopod to help steady your camera. HDMI out Standard video out USB 2.0 port DC power inImage courtesy of Nikon, Inc.1.5 The D700’s output terminals
16 Part I ✦ Using the Nikon D700Battery chamber cover MB-D10 contact cover Tripod socketImage courtesy of Nikon, Inc.1.6 The bottom of the D700 ✦ MB-D10 contact cover. This rubber ✦ Framing grid. When this option is cover is used to protect the contact turned on in CSM d2, you will see a points for the optional MB-D10 grid displayed in the viewing area. Multi-power Battery Grip that This helps with composition. Use attaches to the bottom of the cam- the grid to help line up elements of era. The MB-D10 allows you to use your composition to ensure that a variety of battery types as well as things are straight (or not). to control the camera when hold- ✦ AF-area brackets. These brackets ing it in the vertical position. give you a rough estimate of where the group of 51 AF points is located. Anything in the frame outside of thisViewﬁnder Display bracket cannot be locked into focus. Switching to DX mode gives youWhen looking through the viewﬁnder, you wider range of AF coverage due tosee a lot of useful information about the the reduced frame size.photo you are setting up. Most of the infor- ✦ 12mm reference circle. Thesemation is also displayed in the LCD control curves located at the top and bot-panel screen on the top of the camera, but it tom of the AF-area brackets giveis less handy on top when you are compos- you an idea of how much of aning a shot. Here is a complete list of the infor- area of the frame is used formation you get from the viewﬁnder display. Center-weighted metering. The curves show you an area of 12mm,
Chapter 1 ✦ Exploring the Nikon D700 17 which is the default circle size for only shown full time when the center-weighted metering. Note D700 is in the Single- or Dynamic- that although you can change the area AF setting. When the camera is size of the area for center-weighted set to Auto-area AF and Single metering (CSM b12), this display Focus, the focus point isn’t shown does not change. until you half-press the Shutter Release button and focus is ✦ Focus points. The ﬁrst thing you achieved. When the D700 is in are likely to notice when looking Auto-area AF and set to Continuous through the viewﬁnder is a small Focus mode, the focus point is not rectangle near the center of the displayed at all. frame. This is your active focus point. Note that the focus point is Framing grid 12mm reference circle AF area brackets Focus pointsShutterspeed lockindicator Aperture Flash exposure lock compensation indicator indicator Exposure Exposure mode compensation indicator Auto- Flash ready exposure lock indicator indicator Focus indicator Thousands indicatorMetering mode display Battery Exposures remaining indicator Flash value ISO sensitivity lock indicator Flash sync indicator Auto ISO indicator Shutter speed indicator Electronic analog exposure display F-stop indicator Aperture/f-stop display1.7 Viewﬁnder display. Note that this ﬁgure displays all possible focus points. Only theactive focus points will be visible in actual shooting conditions.
18 Part I ✦ Using the Nikon D700A black bar with LCD readouts on it appears ✦ FV lock indicator. When the FVbelow the image portion of the viewﬁnder. lock indicator is on, it means youNot only do you ﬁnd your shooting informa- have locked in the ﬂash exposuretion here, but also depending on the settings value. The ﬂash value can only beyou’ve selected, other useful indicators appear locked when the Function (oras well. From left to right these items are Preview or AE-L/AF-L) button has been set to do this. ✦ Focus indicator. This green dot ✦ Shutter speed lock indicator. This and arrows lets you know if the indicates that your shutter speed camera detects that the scene is in has been locked to prevent acci- focus. When the camera attempts dental changes. You can lock your to autofocus, the arrows located to shutter speed in CSM f8. either side of the dot blink. The left arrow or the right arrow may blink ✦ Flash sync indicator. This indicator simultaneously or one at a time, is displayed as an X. This comes on depending on where the camera when you set your camera to the is trying to focus. When focus is ﬂash sync speed limit that is set in achieved, the green dot lights up; if CSM e1. This is only available when the camera is unable to lock focus, in Shutter Priority or Manual mode. both arrows blink. When you are To set the camera to the preset focusing manually, you can use the sync speed, dial the shutter speed arrows as a guide to ﬁnd focus. down one setting past the longest When the arrow on the left is lit, shutter time, which is 30 seconds your focus is falling between the in S and bulb in M. camera and the subject. If the ✦ Shutter speed display. This shows arrow on the right is lit, the focus is how long your shutter is set to stay falling behind the subject. If the open. Rotating the Main Command camera is unable to detect enough dial when in S or M mode can contrast to determine if the subject change the shutter speed. is in focus, both arrows blink. ✦ Aperture lockindicator. This indi- ✦ Metering mode display. This dis- cates that your aperture has been play shows which metering mode locked to prevent accidental you are in: Spot, Center-weighted, changes. You can lock this aperture or Matrix. setting in CSM f8. ✦ AE lock indicator. This tells you ✦ Aperture/f-stop display. This that the auto-exposure meter is shows what your current lens locked. Depending on your settings, opening setting is. You adjust aper- the AE-L/AF-L button may be ture by rotating the Sub-command pressed or the shutter is half- dial when in M or A mode. pressed. When this is locked you can recompose the image while ✦ Exposure mode display. This tells maintaining the correct exposure you which exposure mode you are for the subject. currently using: P, S, A, or M.
Chapter 1 ✦ Exploring the Nikon D700 19✦ Electronic analog exposure dis- ✦ Auto ISO indicator. This is dis- play. Although Nikon gives this fea- played when the Auto ISO setting is ture a long and confusing name, in activated to let you know that the simpler terms, this is your light camera is controlling the ISO set- meter. When the bars are in the tings. You can turn on Auto ISO in center, you are at the proper set- the ISO sensitivity settings located tings to get a good exposure; when in the Shooting menu. the bars are to the left, you are ✦ ISO sensitivity display. This tells overexposed; and when the bars you what the ISO sensitivity is cur- are to the right, you are underex- rently set to. posing your image. You can reverse this in CSM f12. This feature is ✦ Exposures remaining. This set of especially handy when using numbers lets you know how many Manual exposure. This display also more exposures can ﬁt on the CF doubles as the virtual horizon indi- card. The actual number of expo- cator. When the camera is tilted to sures may vary according to ﬁle the right, the bars are displayed on information and compression. the left. When the camera is tilted When you half-press the Shutter to the left, the bars are displayed Release button, the display changes on the right. When the camera is to show how many exposures can level, a single bar appears directly ﬁt in the camera’s buffer before the under the zero. buffer is full and the frame rate slows down. The buffer is in-camera RAM✦ FEC indicator. When this is dis- that stores your image data while played, your Flash Exposure the data is being written to the Compensation is on. You adjust memory card. This also shows the FEC by pressing the Flash mode WB preset recording information as button and rotating the Sub- well as your exposure compensation command dial. values.✦ Exposure compensation indica- ✦ Thousands indicator. This lets you tor. When this appears in the view- know that there are more than ﬁnder, your camera has exposure 1,000 exposures remaining on your compensation activated. You adjust memory card. exposure compensation by press- ing the Exposure Compensation ✦ Flash ready indicator. When this is button and rotating the Main displayed the ﬂash, whether it is Command dial. the built-in ﬂash or an external Speedlight attached to the hot✦ Battery indicator. When this icon shoe, is fully charged and ready to appears, your battery is low; if it ﬁre at full power. is blinking, your battery is dead and the Shutter Release button is disabled.
20 Part I ✦ Using the Nikon D700 • WB preset number. When theControl Panel WB is set to one of the preset numbers, pressing the WB but-The monochrome control panel on top of ton displays the preset numberthe camera displays some of the same that is currently being used.shooting information that appears in theviewﬁnder, but there are also some settings • Bracketing sequence. Whenthat are only displayed here. This LCD con- the D700 auto-bracketingtrol panel allows you to view and change feature is activated, pressingthe settings without looking through the the Function button displays theviewﬁnder. The settings are as follows: number of shots left in the bracketing sequence. This ✦ Shutter speed. By default this set includes WB, exposure, and of numbers shows you the shutter ﬂash bracketing. speed setting. This set of numbers • Interval timer number. When also shows a myriad of other set- the camera is set to use the tings depending on which buttons interval timer for time-lapse are being pressed. photography, this displays the • Exposure compensation value. number of shots remaining in When you press the Exposure the current interval. Compensation button and • Focal length (non-CPU lenses). rotate the Sub-command dial, When the camera’s Function the exposure value (EV) com- button is set to choose a non- pensation number is displayed. CPU lens number when the • FEC value. Pressing the Flash Function button is pressed, the mode button and rotating the focal length of the non-CPU lens Sub-command dial displays the is displayed. You must enter the FEC value. lens data in the Setup menu. • ISO. The ISO sensitivity appears ✦ Shutter speed lock indicator. This when you press the ISO button. lets you know that your shutter Rotating the Main Command speed is locked to prevent acciden- dial changes the sensitivity. tal changes. The shutter speed can be locked in CSM f8. • WB ﬁne-tuning. Pressing the WB button and rotating the ✦ Flexible program indicator. Sub-command dial ﬁne-tunes This asterisk appears next to the the white balance setting. A is Exposure mode when you’re in P, warmer, and B is cooler. or Programmed Auto, mode. It lets you know that you have changed • Color temperature. When the the default auto-exposure set by WB is set to K, the panel dis- the camera to better suit your cre- plays the color temperature in ative needs. the Kelvin scale when you press the WB button. ✦ Exposure mode. This tells you which exposure mode you are For more information on white currently using: P, S, A, or M. balance and Kelvin, see Chapter 2.
Chapter 1 ✦ Exploring the Nikon D700 21 ✦ Flash mode. These icons denote Flexible program mode is discussed more in depth in Chapter 2. which ﬂash mode you are using. The ﬂash modes include Red-Eye✦ Image size. When you’re shooting Reduction, Red-Eye with Slow sync, JPEG, TIFF, or RAW + JPEG ﬁles, this Slow Sync, and Rear-Curtain Sync. tells you whether you are recording To change the ﬂash sync mode, Large, Medium, or Small ﬁles. This press the Flash mode button and display is turned off when shooting rotate the Main command dial. RAW ﬁles. ✦ Multiple exposure indicator. This✦ Image quality. This displays the icon informs you that the camera is type of ﬁle format you are record- set to record multiple exposures. ing. You can shoot RAW, TIFF, or Set multiple exposures in the JPEG. When shooting JPEG or RAW Shooting menu. + JPEG, it displays the compression ✦ F-stop/Aperture number. At quality: FINE, NORM, or BASIC. default settings, this displays the✦ WB ﬁne-tuning indicator. When aperture at which the camera is set. the white balance ﬁne-tuning fea- This indicator also displays other ture is activated, these two arrows settings as follows: are displayed. You can ﬁne-tune • Auto-bracketing compensa- WB by pressing the WB button and tion increments. The exposure rotating the Sub-command dial. bracketing can be adjusted to✦ WB setting. This shows you which over- and underexpose in 1/3- white balance setting is currently stop increments. When the selected. Function button is set to Auto- bracketing, the number of EV✦ Exposures remaining. By default, stops is displayed in this area. this displays the number of expo- The choices are 0.3, 0.7, or 1.0 sures remaining on your CF card. EV. The WB auto-bracketing can When you half-press the Shutter also be adjusted; the settings Release button to focus, the display are 1, 2, or 3. changes to show the number of shots remaining in the camera’s • Number of shots per interval. buffer. In preset WB, the icon PRE When the D700 is set to Interval appears when the camera is ready Timer shooting, the number of to set a custom WB. When using frames shot in the interval is Camera Control Pro 2 to shoot displayed here. tethered to a computer, this • Maximum aperture (non-CPU appears as PC. lenses). When the non-CPU✦ Thousands indicator. A K appears lens data is activated, the maxi- when the number of remaining mum aperture of the speciﬁed exposures exceeds 1,000. This is lens appears here. not to be confused with the K that ✦ F-stop indicator. This icon, which may appear in the WB area, which appears as a right triangle, appears is used to denote the Kelvin when a non-CPU lens is attached temperature. to the camera.