Writing a Case Study


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Writing a Case Study

  1. 1. Case Studies Mr. Jeremy Rinkel
  2. 2. Case Study <ul><li>A detailed description of a particular individual that gives us insight into a person's behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Case studies include careful observations, interviews, and/or psychological testing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Benefits of the Case Study Method <ul><li>Case studies can produce a more detailed picture of principles and individuals than other methods. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used as a source of hypotheses. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Drawbacks of the Case Study Method <ul><li>The person who is the focus of a case study may be unrepresentative of the people we are trying to understand in general. </li></ul><ul><li>Not sufficient to choose one explanation for the cause of a behavior over another. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Two Types of Case Studies <ul><li>Factual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Depicts real organizations, people, and situations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fictional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not use real names or organizations (may not be a real person or organization) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Factual Cases <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide a wealth of detail </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give credibility to situations and problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide real outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can describe and solve current problems using a consultative approach </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Factual Cases <ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focuses more on the accuracy of details instead of the appropriateness of the solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Become outdated over time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If it portrays a person or organization in a negative way, questions of fairness and even libel can arise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inside information may bring the organization’s solutions into question </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Fictional Cases <ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are not constrained by the facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise creative license and solve issues they want to address </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Fictional Cases <ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can never determine if a solution worked or not </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are theoretical and don’t have the credibility of factual cases studies </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Case Study Writing Tips <ul><li>Keep your audience in mind </li></ul><ul><li>Use short-story writing techniques (use characters) </li></ul><ul><li>Opening (Grab readers attention) </li></ul><ul><li>Present situations and scenes without analyzing or determining a solution </li></ul>
  11. 11. Case Study writing tips <ul><li>Provide relevant details </li></ul><ul><ul><li>issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roadblocks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationships, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use dialogue when appropriate </li></ul><ul><li>Leave reader a clear picture of the major problems (What is to be done now?) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Case Study Format <ul><li>Each situation or scene in a case study should either: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry the narrative or description forward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be related directly to one of the major problems in the case </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide insight into the personality and motives of one or more of the characters </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Case Study Format <ul><li>There are various formats, but you need to be familiar with the ones in our text book. </li></ul><ul><li>Page 23 The Four Humors </li></ul><ul><li>Page 46 Clever Hans </li></ul><ul><li>Page 249 Little Albert </li></ul><ul><li>There are other examples throughout the textbook </li></ul>
  14. 14. Case Study Format <ul><li>Date or Time Period of Study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually the year the person or problem occurred (usually not the date the case study is being written) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Background information of study, what occurred </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Case Study Format <ul><li>Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What the experiment or case study tried to prove </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How research was done and how it was recorded </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results or Recommendation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes the findings of the case study or experiment as well as recommendations </li></ul></ul>