United Nations
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  • 1. United Nations
  • 2. United Nations
    • 1 st adopted by those nations allied in opposition against Germany, Italy, & Japan during WWII.
    • 26 nation-states signed the Declaration of United Nations on January 4, 1942.
    • Charter of the UN consists of a preamble & articles similar to the U.S. Constitution.
    • Charter outlines the purposes, structure, & powers of the UN.
  • 3. The Four Purposes
    • 1. To preserve world peace.
    • 2. To encourage nations to be just in their actions toward each other.
    • 3. To help nations cooperate in solving their problems.
    • 4. To serve as an agency through which nations can work toward these three goals.
  • 4. The Seven Principles
    • 1. All members have equal rights.
    • 2. Each member is expected to carry out its duties under the charter.
    • 3. Each member agrees to the principle of settling disputes peacefully.
    • 4. Each member agrees not to use force or the threat of force against other nations except in self-defense.
  • 5.
    • 5. Each member agrees to help the UN in every action it takes to carry out the purposes of the charter.
    • 6. The UN agrees to act on the principle that nonmember states have the same duties as member states to preserve world peace & security.
    • 7. The UN accepts the principle of not interfering in the internal affairs/domestic problems of member nation, so long as these actions do not harm other nations.
  • 6. The Organization of the U.N.
    • 1. General Assembly
    • 2. The Security Council
    • 3. The Economic & Social Council
    • 4. The Trusteeship Council
    • 5. The International Court of Justice
    • 6. The Secretariat
  • 7. General Assembly
    • All members are represented.
    • Each has one vote, but may send as many as five representatives.
    • Important decisions are decided by a majority vote or by a super-majority vote (2/3), depending on importance.
    • Deliberative Organ —Deliberates on, or discusses & decides, important issues.
    • UN permanent headquarters—New York City
    • Regular assembly meetings last for three months, beginning on the third Tuesday in September.
  • 8.
    • Selects secretary-general.
    • Current: Kofi Annan (Ghana)
    • Selects the 15 judges of the International Court of Justice.
    • May admit, suspend, or expel members.
  • 9. Security Council
    • Responsibility for maintaining international peace.
    • Originally, the council consisted of eleven members: five of these were permanent members (France, United Kingdom, Russia, U.S., & China.)
    • Six were nonpermanent members elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms.
    • Amended to enlarge the council by adding four more nonpermanent members.
  • 10.
    • Five nonpermanent must come from African & Asian countries, one from Eastern European countries, two from Latin American countries, & two from Western Europe & other countries.
    • Members of the UN agree to carry out the decisions of the Security Council.
    • Any one of the five permanent members can veto a Security Council decision.
    • May call for military action by asking UN members to contribute military personnel to a UN peacekeeping force.
  • 11.
    • Korean UN peacekeeping mission.
    • Iraq, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia-Herzegovina, & others.
    • Other important UN Bodies
    • The World Health Organization (WHO)---Combats
    • health problems in underdeveloped countries.
    • The International Bank for Reconstruction &
    • Development (World Bank)---Makes loans for
    • projects in developing countries.