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Poetry Creative Writing

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  • 1. Creative Writing Poetry Mr. Jeremy Rinkel
  • 2. Elements of Poetry
    • Characterization
    • Point of View
    • Plot
    • Setting
    • Theme
  • 3. Steps in Analyzing Poetry
    • First, focus on the speaker.
      • Who is speaking?
      • What characterizes the speaker?
      • To whom is he or she speaking?
      • What is the speakers tone?
      • What is the speakers emotional state?
      • Why is he or she speaking?
  • 4. Steps in Analyzing Poetry
    • First, focus on the speaker…cont.
      • What situation is being described?
      • What are the conflicts or tensions in this situation?
      • What ideas is the speaker communicating?
  • 5. Diction
    • The poets use of words.
    • Examine the words in the poem for all their possible meanings
    • How do the meanings combine to create the overall effect
    • PAGE 100 William Wordsworth
  • 6. Tips on Studying Diction
    • Circle words you don’t know; look them up
    • Underline words that seem important; Explain:
      • Denotation- dictionary meaning
      • Connotation- is the subjective, emotional association that a word has for one person or a group of people
    • Explain how choice of words contributes to the speakers tone
  • 7. Imagery
    • Represents the descriptive passages of a poem.
    • Sensuous imagery- pleasurable for its own sake, but it also provides concreteness and immediacy
    • PAGE 102
      • John Keats poem (First Stanza)
  • 8. Figurative Language
    • Is the conscious departure from normal or conventional ways of saying things.
      • Metaphors
      • Analogy
      • similes
  • 9. Similies
    • Uses like or as to claim similarities between things that are essentially different
    • Shakespeare’s “Fair is My Love”
      • Page 103
  • 10. Metaphors
    • Claims a similarity between things that are essentially alike, but eliminates the comparative words like and as.
    • Example “Love is a Sickness” by Samuel Daniel
      • Page 103
  • 11. Analogies
    • Is a similarity between things that are basically different.
    • Personification- a kind of analogy that gives a word the attributes of a person.
  • 12. Tips on Studying Descriptive Language
    • Mark descriptive images. Name the sense appealed to.
    • Describe how the images create a sense of time.
    • Explain how the descriptive images help create and atmosphere and mood.
  • 13. Tips on Studying Figurative Language
    • Mark the similies in the poem. (Circle words that signal comparisons
    • Mark the metaphors. Explain what they contribute to the poem.
    • Poets use analogies to assist the reader in making an abstract words more concrete.
  • 14. Assignment
    • 1) Bring your favorite poem to class with you tomorrow
      • This will be an “artifact” for your portfolio project
    • 2) Write a poem using similes, metaphors, and analogies
      • MUST BE at least 12 Lines long
  • 15. Rhythm
    • Meters- recognizable patterns or rhythm in poetry.
    • Foot- unit of rhythm in a verse that determines the arrangement of a poem
    • Examples: PAGE 108- 109
  • 16. Tips on Studying Rhythm
    • Count the number of syllables per line
    • Read poem aloud (draw a vertical line between each foot in the poem)
    • Underline where the poet strays away from the metrical pattern
  • 17. Sound
    • Poets use sound to emphasize meaning, action, and emotion.
    • Sound devices
      • Onomatopoeia
      • Alliteration
      • Assonance
      • Consonance
      • Rhyme
  • 18. Sound
    • Onomatopoeia- the use of words that sound like what they mean (boom, buzz)
    • Alliteration- the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or at the beginning of accented syllables
      • “ P eter P iper p icked”
  • 19. Sound
    • Assonance- the repetition of vowel sounds followed by consonant sounds
    • Consonance – “half rhyme” the repetition of final consonant sounds that are preceded by different vowel sounds
      • “the bea st climbed fa st to the cre st
  • 20. Sound
    • Rhyme- the repetition of accented vowels and the sounds that follow. PAGE 113
      • Masculine rhyme- rhymed sounds have 1 syllable
      • Feminine rhyme- rhymed sounds have 2 or more syllables
      • Internal rhyme- the rhyme sounds are within a line
      • End rhyme- the rhymed sounds are at the end of a line
  • 21. Tips on Studying Sound
    • Underline examples of alliteration, assonance and consonance in the poem
    • Circle the rhymed words (what similarities and contrasts do these words show the reader)
    • Circle any words that have attractive or meaningful sound qualities
  • 22. Assignment
    • Write a poem using alliteration
    • Must be 12-15 lines
    • Analyze the poem you brought to class
    • DUE MONDAY
  • 23. Structure
    • Rhyme scheme- any pattern of end rhyme
    • Stanzas
      • Usually represents one idea
      • Usually have the same structure
        • The same number of lines
        • Length of lines
        • Metrical patters
        • Rhyme schemes
  • 24. Structure
    • Shakespearean sonnet- rhyme pattern
      • Abab/cdcd/efef/gg
      • PAGE 116
    • Petrarchan sonnet- rhyme pattern
      • abbaabba (first 8 lines “the octave”)
      • cdecde (last 6 lines “sestet”)
      • PAGE 117
  • 25. Other Fixed Forms
    • Ballad
    • Ode
    • Heroic couplet
    • Rhyme royal stanza
  • 26. Tips on Studying Structure
    • Mark the rhyme scheme
    • Divide the poem up (look at the examples on pages 116-117
    • Summarize the meaning of each section
    • Look at the relationships of the end rhyme
    • Look at the imagery presented within the poem
  • 27. Free Verse
    • Very difficult to see or find structural elements
    • It avoids metrical patterns and fixed line lengths
    • It finds other ways to create rhythm and sound patterns
    • PAGE 120 Walt Whitman’s Poem
  • 28. Free Verse
    • Creating rhythm and sound patterns:
      • Uses sound qualities to create associations within words
      • Creates rhythm by repeating phrases that have the same syntactical structure
      • Creates rhythms within lines by creating phrases of equal length
      • Variance in lines
  • 29. Tips on Studying Free Verse
    • Read the poem aloud
    • Underline repeated phrases
    • Explain why the lines end when they do
    • Explain the relationship between the rhythm and the meaning and purpose
    • Note the variation between short and long phrases
  • 30. Assignment
    • Write a poem using rhyme
      • Must be at least 12 lines
      • You may use any type of rhyme (internal, end, etc)
    • Begin work on your portfolio
    • Vocabulary Quiz tomorrow
  • 31. Symbolism
    • Highly suggestive in a few words
    • Symbol- physical object that represents an abstract idea or ideas
    • Most powerful symbols do not specify the ideas they represent
    • Examples:
      • Psalms 23
      • The Sick Rose by William Blake
  • 32. Tips for Studying Symbolism
    • Be alert for symbols
    • Circle the symbols in the poem
    • List the meanings for each symbol
    • Explain how each symbol contributes to the overall meaning of the poem
  • 33. Assignment
    • Write a poem using free verse
      • Must be at least 15 lines
    • Bring everything you need to work on your portfolio; we will be going to the lab to work on them.