Japan and the Koreas


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Japan and the Koreas

  1. 1. Japan and the Koreas Chapter 24
  2. 2. Section 1 Japan
  3. 3. Japan <ul><li>Is a archipelago- a chain of islands </li></ul><ul><li>Made up of thousands of islands </li></ul><ul><li>4 main islands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hokkaido </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Honshu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shikoku </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kyushu </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Land <ul><li>The islands are the peaks of mountains rising 20,000 to 30,000 feet from the floor of the ocean </li></ul><ul><li>The Ring of Fire- an area in the Pacific Ocean where the earth’s crust often shifts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquakes occur and volcanoes erupt in this area frequently </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Earthquakes <ul><li>5,000 earthquakes occur every year in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Tsunamis - huge sea waves caused by undersea earthquakes are very destructive along Japan’s Pacific coast </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mountains <ul><li>Rugged mountains and steep hills cover the landscape of Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Rocky gorges cut through the mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Thick forests grow through the slopes </li></ul><ul><li>Short rivers flow through the mountains in waterfalls before running into the sea </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sea and Plains <ul><li>Many fine harbors and ports lie on the coastlines </li></ul><ul><li>Inland Sea- allows boats to go from island to island without going into the Pacific or into the Sea of Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Kanto Plain- east coast of Honshu where Tokyo is located </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Climate <ul><li>Ocean and wind affect the climate </li></ul><ul><li>Hokkaido and Honshu- humid climate </li></ul><ul><li>Cold ocean and wind currents from Siberia result in cold winters </li></ul><ul><li>Southern Honshu and the two southern islands- humid subtropical climate </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Economy <ul><li>Is an economic giant </li></ul><ul><li>People have the highest standard of living in the world </li></ul><ul><li>They utilize every available resource: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sea </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Economy <ul><li>Farming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very limited in Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raise 60% of their country’s food on private plots of land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensive cultivation- farmers grow crops on every available piece of land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the world’s leading fishing countries </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Economy <ul><li>Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses high technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits from highly skilled workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They value education, hard work, and cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most import mineral resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exports manufactured goods to countries </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Influences of the Past <ul><li>Clans- groups of related families </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted the Buddhist religion brought by Chinese missionaries </li></ul><ul><li>Borrowed system of writing </li></ul><ul><li>790s- the Japanese emperor’s power declined </li></ul><ul><li>Samurai- the warrior class </li></ul><ul><li>Shoguns- leaders of the warrior class </li></ul>
  13. 13. Influences of the Past <ul><li>Japan strived to keep outside influence out of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Early 1900s- became the world’s leading Asian power </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, collapsing their economy </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. helped Japan rebuild and become a democracy </li></ul>
  14. 14. The People <ul><li>Has ½ the population of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>78% located in cities or coastal plains </li></ul><ul><li>Megalopolis - a huge super-city made up of several large cities and the smaller cities near them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tokyo, Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The People <ul><li>City life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very modern cities, tall office building, freeways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homes are small and very close together </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Country life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>22% live in rural areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a good standard of living </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earn less than those living in the city </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The People <ul><li>Family Life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family is the center of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grandparents, parents and children lived in the same house </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family still is very important, but are allowed more freedom now </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Culture <ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two major- (Shinto and Buddhism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shinto-teaches respect for nature, the love of simple things, and concern for good manners </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paintings usually show scenes of the countryside with verses in calligraphy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Haiku- type of Japanese poetry </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Section 2 The Two Koreas
  19. 19. A Divided Country <ul><li>North Korea- Communist </li></ul><ul><li>South Korea- non-Communist </li></ul><ul><li>After Japan lost World War II, the Soviet Union took over the Northern part of Korea </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Korean War <ul><li>1950- North Korea attacked South Korea with the goal of making the Korea peninsula Communist </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and other United Nations countries came to the aid of South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Communist China sent troops to assist North Korea </li></ul><ul><li>1953- fighting ended without a peace treaty or victory </li></ul>
  21. 25. South Korea <ul><li>Slightly larger than Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Taebaek Sanmaek Mountains cover central and eastern South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Plains and river valleys spread along the Western coast </li></ul><ul><li>Most South Koreans live along the coasts </li></ul>
  22. 26. South Korea <ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is affected by monsoons </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer is hot and humid weather </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winter brings very cold weather </li></ul></ul>
  23. 27. Korean Landscape
  24. 28. Economy <ul><li>Very strong industrial economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing, high technology, and service industries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major exporter of ships, cars, textiles, and computers </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most farmers own their own land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fishing- is a supplement income for farmers </li></ul>
  25. 29. The People <ul><li>The people of both Korea’s belong to the same ethnic group </li></ul><ul><li>79% live in cities and towns on coastal plains </li></ul><ul><li>Most live in tall apartment buildings and modern homes </li></ul><ul><li>A large number of South Koreans immigrated to the U.S. at the end of the Korean War </li></ul>
  26. 30. Religion and the Arts <ul><li>Enjoy freedom of religion </li></ul><ul><li>Some practice Buddhism or the teachings of Confucius; others practice Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>They were influenced by the Chinese, but have developed a variety of arts </li></ul><ul><li>They are known around the world for their well-crafted pottery </li></ul>
  27. 31. North Korea <ul><li>Slightly larger than South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Rugged mountains run through the center of North Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow valleys separate the mountains ranges </li></ul><ul><li>Plains and lowlands run along the coasts </li></ul>
  28. 32. North Korea <ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monsoons affect the climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot summers and cold and snowy winters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>East coast is normally warmer than the rest of the country </li></ul></ul>
  29. 33. Economy <ul><li>Very industrial economy </li></ul><ul><li>Communist government runs the factories, businesses, and farms </li></ul><ul><li>Rice is the basic food item </li></ul><ul><li>Kimchi- a spicy blend of Chinese cabbage, onions, and other vegetables </li></ul>
  30. 34. The People <ul><li>59% of population live in urban areas along the coasts and valleys </li></ul><ul><li>Pyongyang is the capital and largest city </li></ul><ul><li>Has many modern buildings and monuments to communist leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Put aside traditional culture in favor of communist ways </li></ul><ul><li>Crop shortages resulted in food shortages in the 1990s </li></ul>