Illinois Constitution


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Illinois Constitution

  1. 1. Illinois Constitution
  2. 2. <ul><li>The French created settlements in Illinois territory in the mid 1680’s </li></ul><ul><li>They sent Joliet & Father Marquette to explore the region </li></ul><ul><li>These two opened the area for other explores </li></ul><ul><li>The French began to set up settlements for fur trading </li></ul><ul><li>The settlements were along the “Great American Bottom” </li></ul>
  3. 4. Illinois History <ul><li>The French lost the territory to the British following the French & Indian War </li></ul><ul><li>Following the Revolutionary War the Illinois territory was part of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>To be added as a state; Illinois followed the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 </li></ul>
  4. 5. Statehood 21st State 1818
  5. 6. Capitals in Illinois <ul><li>Kaskaskia </li></ul><ul><li>Vandalia </li></ul><ul><li>Springfield </li></ul>
  6. 7. Characteristics of State Constitutions <ul><li>Contain a Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>For the most part close to that of the U.S. Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>State Constitutions are very detailed </li></ul><ul><li>Organization follows that of the U.S. constitution </li></ul>
  7. 8. Constitutions of Illinois <ul><li>1818 </li></ul><ul><li>1848 </li></ul><ul><li>1870 </li></ul><ul><li>1970 </li></ul>
  8. 9. Legislative Branch <ul><li>Main duty : make laws </li></ul><ul><li>Main body is the General Assembly, consisting of the Senate & the House of Representatives. </li></ul><ul><li>Members must be 21 or older, resident of district for at least two years, & be a citizen. </li></ul><ul><li>Salary: $57,619 </li></ul><ul><li>Duties of General Assembly include making laws, conducting investigations, constitutional revisions, planning redistricting. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Bills must pass both houses with a majority vote </li></ul><ul><li>A bill passed by the General Assembly must be sent to the Governor within 60 days </li></ul><ul><li>Governor signs bills becomes law </li></ul><ul><li>If Governor vetoes, the houses can override with a 3/5 vote </li></ul><ul><li>There is no pocket veto </li></ul><ul><li>Governor does have a line-item veto (governor can reduce or veto any item ) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Lawmaking Process <ul><li>Bills must pass both houses & be sent to Governor. </li></ul><ul><li>A. If Governor signs, the bill is law, he/she has 60 days, if he/she does not act in 60 days the bill is law. </li></ul><ul><li>B. If the Governor vetoes, the houses can try to pass by 3/5 vote, & if they do, bill becomes law. </li></ul>
  11. 12. House of Representatives <ul><li>118 members </li></ul><ul><li>Local representative: District #102, Ron Stephens-R </li></ul><ul><li>Term: 2 years, election in even-numbered years </li></ul><ul><li>Powers: Pass bills & send to Senate, start impeachment. </li></ul><ul><li>Officers: Speaker of the House selected by the house. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Senate <ul><li>59 members </li></ul><ul><li>Your local State Senator: District # 51, Frank Watson—R </li></ul><ul><li>Terms: 4 years, ½ selected every even-numbered years. </li></ul><ul><li>Powers: Pass bills & send to House, try impeachments, approve Governor’s appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Officers: President of Senate elected by Senate. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Executive Branch <ul><li>Main duty: enforce laws </li></ul>
  14. 15. Governor <ul><li>duties: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>carrying out state laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>signing or vetoing bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>calling special sessions of General Assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>commanding the IL National Guard in peacetime </li></ul></ul>Rod Blagojevich
  15. 16. Lt. Governor <ul><li>Serves as chairman of many boards & organization </li></ul><ul><li>Assists the governor/duties assigned by the governor </li></ul><ul><li>Similar to the Vice President </li></ul>Pat Quinn (D)
  16. 17. Attorney General <ul><li>State’s chief lawyer </li></ul><ul><li>State’s chief law enforcement officer </li></ul><ul><li>Works to protect consumers & safe guard the environment </li></ul>Lisa Madigan (D)
  17. 18. Secretary of State <ul><li>State’s chief clerk & record keeper </li></ul><ul><li>Provides direct service to more IL citizens than any other public agency </li></ul><ul><li>Also oversees the State Library </li></ul>Jesse White (D)
  18. 19. Comptroller <ul><li>Chief financial officer </li></ul><ul><li>Orders payments in & out of state funds </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures units of local government prepare & submit reports </li></ul>Dan Hynes (D)
  19. 20. Treasurer <ul><li>Custodian of state funds </li></ul><ul><li>State’s banker </li></ul><ul><li>Invests the state’s money </li></ul>Alexi Giannoulius (D)
  20. 21. Judicial Branch <ul><li>Main duty: interpret laws, administer justice </li></ul><ul><li>Court system is divided into three types of courts and the state is divided into five judicial districts. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Supreme Court---Original jurisdiction, final court of appeal in cases from the Circuit Court, seven judges, 10 year elected term. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Appellate Court---appeals from Circuit Court </li></ul><ul><li>3. Circuit Courts---general trial courts, six year terms </li></ul>
  21. 22. Qualifications (Judge) <ul><li>1. Citizen of Illinois </li></ul><ul><li>2. Licensed attorney of the state </li></ul><ul><li>3. Resident of the district they represent . </li></ul>
  22. 23. State Symbols State Flower Violet
  23. 24. State Symbols State Bird Cardinal
  24. 25. State Symbols <ul><li>State Insect </li></ul><ul><li>Monarch Butterfly </li></ul>State Prairie Grass Big Bluestem
  25. 26. State Symbols State Fish Bluegill State Animal White Tail Deer
  26. 27. State Symbols State Mineral Fluorite State Fossil Tully Monster
  27. 28. State Symbols State Dance Square Dance State Song “ Illinois”