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Geochinasection3

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 23 Section 3
  • 2.
    • Has a Population of 1.2 billion people
    • 22% of the world’s population
  • 3. Population
    • 94% of the population are Han Chinese
    • 6% is made up of 55 different ethnic groups
      • The people of Tibet being only one group
  • 4.
    • Chinese civilization is more than 4,000 years old
    • Dynasties – ruling families
    • Ruled China during most of their history
  • 5.
    • Chinese were the first to use paper and ink
  • 6. Ideas and Inventions
    • Learning is the key to good behavior
    • Confucius – Chinese Philosopher
      • Said people should be polite, honest, brave, and wise
      • Children should obey their parents
      • Respect the elderly
      • Obey the country’s rulers
  • 7. Chinese invented the following
    • Clock
    • Compass
    • The first Printed Book
    • Fireworks
    • Gun Powder
    • Crossbow
    • Grenade
  • 8.
    • Chinese tried to avoid outside influence
    • European countries forced China to trade during the 17-1800s
    • 1912 uprising overthrew the last dynasty
  • 9.  
  • 10. Revolution of 1949
    • Mao Zedung led communist forces against the Republic.
    • Led a people’s revolt
    • Helped to create a communist government in China
    • Controlled China for 41 years.
  • 11.
    • Chiang Kai-shek
    • Led the nationalists forces
    • Escaped to Taiwan and set up the Republic of China in Taiwan .
    • Led attacks against communist forces for many years before the revolution in 1949
    • 1947
  • 12. Communist China
    • Wanted to modern industrialized country
    • They denied freedoms to Chinese People
  • 13. Tiananmen Square
    • http://www.thebeijingguide.com/tiananmen_square/index.html
  • 14. June, 1989
  • 15. Tiananmen Square Massacre
    • Students protested against government
      • Called for Democracy
    • 1,000 students were killed by the government
    • 10,000 were arrested and many were executed
  • 16. Rural Life
    • 70% of China’s people live in rural areas
    • Most people farm
      • Labor intensive
        • Have to use hand tools because machinery is too expensive
    • Has improved in recent years
      • Villages have community centers that provide opportunities for citizens
  • 17. City Life
    • 515 million people live in cities
    • 30% of the population
    • Living conditions are crowded
    • Most homes have heat, electricity, and running water
  • 18.  
  • 19. The Arts
    • China is famous for its traditional arts
    • Craft workers make bronze bowls, jade jewelry, glazed pottery, and fine porcelain
    • China’s art is influenced by nature
  • 20. China – Why should we care?
    • http://www.christusrex.org/www2/china/