East Africa Mr. Jeremy Rinkel
Kenya <ul><li>Capital: Nairobi </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 34,707,817 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: limestone, gy...
Kenya <ul><li>Slightly smaller than the state of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean borders Kenya on the East </li></ul>...
The Plains <ul><li>Vast plains cover ¾ of Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Very few people live in the plains, cattle herders and n...
The Highlands <ul><li>Are made up of mostly mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Home to fertile soil and 75% of the people </li></...
The Climate <ul><li>Equator passes through the middle of Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly a savanna or steppe climate </li><...
The Economy <ul><li>Developing economy based on free enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>50% of farm products are subsistence foo...
Industries <ul><li>No major mineral deposits </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage manufacturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cement, chemi...
The People <ul><li>Harambee- means “pulling together” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many different ethnic groups speak many langua...
The People <ul><li>It is a challenge to provide enough food and jobs for the people </li></ul><ul><li>Over 40 different et...
Tanzania <ul><li>Capital: Dar es Salaam </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 37,445,392 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: hydr...
Tanzania <ul><li>Located mostly on the mainland, but also includes several small coral islands </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Kil...
Tanzania <ul><li>Western Tanzania is part of the Great African Rift Valley </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lake Victoria is the larg...
Economy <ul><li>Is a developing economy based on agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing is small </li></ul><ul><li>Ri...
Economy <ul><li>Government-run farms grow cash crops for exports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee, cotton, tea, tobacco </li><...
People <ul><li>Over 120 ethnic groups live in Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>No single group controls the country </li></ul><u...
Uganda <ul><li>Capital: Kampala </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 28,195,754 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: copper, coba...
Uganda <ul><li>Lies in the highlands region of East Africa </li></ul><ul><li>North- covered by plateaus </li></ul><ul><li>...
Economy <ul><li>Agriculture is the most important economic activity </li></ul><ul><li>Most productive areas lie along the ...
People <ul><li>2/3 of the people live in the fertile south </li></ul><ul><li>Home to more than 20 ethnic groups </li></ul>...
Rwanda <ul><li>Capital: Kigali </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 8,648,248 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: gold, tin ore,...
Rwanda <ul><li>Located south of the equator </li></ul><ul><li>High altitudes provide a mild climate </li></ul><ul><li>Lie ...
Rwanda <ul><li>Most people are farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing is also important to the economy along the lakes </li></u...
Rwanda <ul><li>Smallest and most crowded nations in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of the population belong to two ethn...
Burundi <ul><li>Capital: Bujumbura </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 8,090,068 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: nickel, ur...
Burundi <ul><li>Landlocked </li></ul><ul><li>Very mountainous </li></ul><ul><li>Akanuaru and Kagera rivers separate Burund...
Section 4 The Horn of Africa
Sudan <ul><li>Capital: Khartoum </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 41,236,378 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources: iron ore, co...
Sudan <ul><li>Largest country in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 the size of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>North- mostl...
People <ul><li>North- 2/3 are Muslim Arabs </li></ul><ul><li>South- various ethnic groups- Christian and African groups </...
Ethiopia <ul><li>Capital: Addis Ababa </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 74,777,981 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: gold, ...
Ethiopia <ul><li>Landlocked mountainous country </li></ul><ul><li>Mild temperatures and fertile soil on plateaus for farmi...
People <ul><li>One of the world’s oldest countries </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains kept it isolated and independent for years ...
Eritrea <ul><li>Capital: Asmara </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 4,786,994 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: gold, zinc, f...
Eritrea <ul><li>Won independence from Ethiopia in 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Lies on the Red Sea </li></ul><ul><li>One of the ...
Somalia <ul><li>Capital: Mogadishu </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 8,863,338 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources: uranium, c...
Somalia <ul><li>Very hot and dry </li></ul><ul><li>½ of population is nomads </li></ul><ul><li>Southern- rivers provide wa...
Somalia <ul><li>Droughts and famine starved thousands to death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fierce fighting kept the food from ge...
Djibouti <ul><li>Capital: Djibouti </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 486,530 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: geothermal a...
Djibouti <ul><li>Mostly Muslims and nomads </li></ul><ul><li>Income comes from shipping </li></ul><ul><li>Farming is diffi...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

GEO East Africa

666 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Travel, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
666
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
17
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

GEO East Africa

  1. 1. East Africa Mr. Jeremy Rinkel
  2. 2. Kenya <ul><li>Capital: Nairobi </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 34,707,817 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: limestone, gypsum, wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues: water pollution, deforestation, poaching </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kenya <ul><li>Slightly smaller than the state of Texas </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Ocean borders Kenya on the East </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coral is a hard, rocklike material made of the skeletons of small sea animals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reef is a narrow ridge of coral, rock or sand at or near the water surface </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Very popular beaches are located here </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Plains <ul><li>Vast plains cover ¾ of Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Very few people live in the plains, cattle herders and nomads move through </li></ul><ul><li>The plain is home to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antelopes, water buffaloes, elephants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giraffes, lions, and zebras </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Highlands <ul><li>Are made up of mostly mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Home to fertile soil and 75% of the people </li></ul><ul><li>The Great Rift Valley is located in Western Kenya </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fault- crack in the earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Escarpments- steep cliffs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mount Kenya- highest peak is 17,057 feet </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Climate <ul><li>Equator passes through the middle of Kenya </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly a savanna or steppe climate </li></ul><ul><li>The coast is hot and humid year around </li></ul><ul><li>Mild climate and fertile soil make highlands important farming area </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Economy <ul><li>Developing economy based on free enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>50% of farm products are subsistence food crops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Corn, bananas, beans, cassava </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cash crops are cultivated for exports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee and tea are the main source for income </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Industries <ul><li>No major mineral deposits </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage manufacturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cement, chemicals, light machinery, household appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many tourists visit and take trips called safaris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parks are set up to protect endangered animals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poachers- are people who hunt & kill animals illegally </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The People <ul><li>Harambee- means “pulling together” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many different ethnic groups speak many languages </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The People <ul><li>It is a challenge to provide enough food and jobs for the people </li></ul><ul><li>Over 40 different ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>73% live in rural villages </li></ul><ul><li>27% live in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Mombasa- is an important Indian Ocean port </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tanzania <ul><li>Capital: Dar es Salaam </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 37,445,392 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: hydropower, tin, phosphates </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues: soil degradation, deforestation, droughts </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tanzania <ul><li>Located mostly on the mainland, but also includes several small coral islands </li></ul><ul><li>Mount Kilimanjaro is the best known site </li></ul><ul><li>Coastline- white beaches and palm trees </li></ul><ul><li>Inland- elevation rises (humid lowlands and dry plateaus </li></ul><ul><li>North- Mountainous area where Kilimanjaro is located </li></ul>
  13. 13. Tanzania <ul><li>Western Tanzania is part of the Great African Rift Valley </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lake Tanganyika- deepest point in Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unusual fish live in the deep dark water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Wildlife (thousands of square miles set aside to protect wildlife </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Serengenti National Park </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Home to lions, antelopes and zebra </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>During dry season, animals roam the plains in search of water </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Economy <ul><li>Is a developing economy based on agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing is small </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in mineral resources such as gold and diamonds </li></ul><ul><li>Raise livestock or farm on small plots of land </li></ul>
  15. 15. Economy <ul><li>Government-run farms grow cash crops for exports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee, cotton, tea, tobacco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sisal- a plant fiber used in making rope and twine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloves- a spice made from buds of clove trees </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. People <ul><li>Over 120 ethnic groups live in Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>No single group controls the country </li></ul><ul><li>80% live in rural villages </li></ul>
  17. 17. Uganda <ul><li>Capital: Kampala </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 28,195,754 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: copper, cobalt, hydropower </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues: draining of wetlands for agriculture use, soil erosion, poaching </li></ul>
  18. 18. Uganda <ul><li>Lies in the highlands region of East Africa </li></ul><ul><li>North- covered by plateaus </li></ul><ul><li>Center- large area of marshes and lakes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water from Lake Victoria forms the source for the Nile River </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southern- covered by thick forests </li></ul><ul><li>East and West Uganda are mountainous </li></ul><ul><li>Equator crosses southern Uganda </li></ul><ul><li>Temperatures are mild due to the elevation </li></ul>
  19. 19. Economy <ul><li>Agriculture is the most important economic activity </li></ul><ul><li>Most productive areas lie along the West and North of Lake Victoria </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coffee is the largest export </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton, sugarcane, and tea are valuable exports </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. People <ul><li>2/3 of the people live in the fertile south </li></ul><ul><li>Home to more than 20 ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Autonomy- self-government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Won independence from the British </li></ul>
  21. 21. Rwanda <ul><li>Capital: Kigali </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 8,648,248 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: gold, tin ore, methane </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues: deforestation, soil erosion/exhaustion </li></ul>
  22. 22. Rwanda <ul><li>Located south of the equator </li></ul><ul><li>High altitudes provide a mild climate </li></ul><ul><li>Lie on ridge that separates the Nile and Congo River watersheds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An area drained by a river </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Rwanda <ul><li>Most people are farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Fishing is also important to the economy along the lakes </li></ul><ul><li>Very few valuable minerals </li></ul><ul><li>Very few paved roads </li></ul><ul><li>Most exports are transported by boats on Lake Tanganyinka </li></ul>
  24. 24. Rwanda <ul><li>Smallest and most crowded nations in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of the population belong to two ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hutus and Tutsis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civil War- fighting within a country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1994- fighting broke out between Hutus & Tutsis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refugees- are people who must flee his orher home and seek safety elsewhere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 million moved to surrounding countries </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Burundi <ul><li>Capital: Bujumbura </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 8,090,068 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: nickel, uranium, copper </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues: overgrazing, habitat loss </li></ul>
  26. 26. Burundi <ul><li>Landlocked </li></ul><ul><li>Very mountainous </li></ul><ul><li>Akanuaru and Kagera rivers separate Burundi from Rwanda </li></ul>
  27. 27. Section 4 The Horn of Africa
  28. 28. Sudan <ul><li>Capital: Khartoum </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 41,236,378 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources: iron ore, copper, petroleum </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental Issues: excessive hunting, periodic drought, desertification </li></ul>
  29. 29. Sudan <ul><li>Largest country in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>1/3 the size of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>North- mostly desert made up of bare rocks and sand dunes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 branches of the Nile River meet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>South-humid tropical rainforests and swamps </li></ul><ul><li>One of the leading producers of cotton </li></ul>
  30. 30. People <ul><li>North- 2/3 are Muslim Arabs </li></ul><ul><li>South- various ethnic groups- Christian and African groups </li></ul><ul><li>Has been torn by Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Drought- an extended dry period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since the early 1990s, created a lot of suffering </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Ethiopia <ul><li>Capital: Addis Ababa </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 74,777,981 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: gold, platinum, copper </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues: deforestation </li></ul>
  32. 32. Ethiopia <ul><li>Landlocked mountainous country </li></ul><ul><li>Mild temperatures and fertile soil on plateaus for farming </li></ul><ul><li>Home to deep gorges and spectacular waterfalls </li></ul><ul><li>Most live on the high plateaus </li></ul>
  33. 33. People <ul><li>One of the world’s oldest countries </li></ul><ul><li>Mountains kept it isolated and independent for years </li></ul><ul><li>Struggling to build a democracy </li></ul><ul><li>16% live in urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>Over 70 different languages are spoken </li></ul>
  34. 34. Eritrea <ul><li>Capital: Asmara </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 4,786,994 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: gold, zinc, fish </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues: soil erosion, loss of infrastructure due to civil war, deforestation </li></ul>
  35. 35. Eritrea <ul><li>Won independence from Ethiopia in 1993 </li></ul><ul><li>Lies on the Red Sea </li></ul><ul><li>One of the hottest and driest areas in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Farming is difficult due to the climate </li></ul>
  36. 36. Somalia <ul><li>Capital: Mogadishu </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 8,863,338 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural resources: uranium, copper, natural gas </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues: famine, overgrazing, health problems due to water </li></ul>
  37. 37. Somalia <ul><li>Very hot and dry </li></ul><ul><li>½ of population is nomads </li></ul><ul><li>Southern- rivers provide water for irrigation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugarcane and citrus fruits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most Somalis speak either Somali or Arabic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clans- groups of people related to one another </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disagreements have led to civil war </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Somalia <ul><li>Droughts and famine starved thousands to death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fierce fighting kept the food from getting to the people who need it most </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Djibouti <ul><li>Capital: Djibouti </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 486,530 </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resources: geothermal areas, gold, limestone </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues: inadequate water, limited arable land, endangered species </li></ul>
  40. 40. Djibouti <ul><li>Mostly Muslims and nomads </li></ul><ul><li>Income comes from shipping </li></ul><ul><li>Farming is difficult due to the dry land </li></ul><ul><li>Railroad line into Ethiopia make Djibouti an outlet for Ethiopia’s products </li></ul>

×