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Five Themes of Geography
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Five Themes of Geography



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  • 1. Five Themes of Geography Mr. Jeremy Rinkel
  • 2.   The Five Themes of Geography
    • Used to help understand why and how things are different in geography
    • Are used to help you think like a geographer
  • 3. Location
    • “How do I get There?”
    • Means knowing where you are
    • Exact Location: using latitude and longitude gives you an exact position on the globe
      • Also know as absolute location
    • Relative Location: Finding a place or location by finding out how far and in what direction it is from somewhere else
  • 4. Absolute Location
    • using latitude and longitude gives you an exact position on the globe
  • 5.
    • Reason for its location : understanding how the geography of an area helped or hurt the development of that area
  • 6. Place
    • “ What is it like to live there?”
    • Means more than where a place is, but also describes what a place is like.
    • Physical Characteristics
    • Human Characteristics
    • Movie
  • 7. Physical Characteristics
    • Geographers look at the following to understand place:
      • Landscape
      • Habitat
      • Climate
      • Natural Disasters
  • 8. Landscape
  • 9. Habitat
  • 10. Climate
  • 11. Natural Disasters
  • 12. Human Characteristics
    • Geographers also look at these areas to understand place:
      • Religion
      • Types of houses
      • Clothing
      • Traditions
      • Lifestyles
  • 13. Religions
  • 14. Types of Houses
  • 15. Clothing
  • 16. Traditions
  • 17. Lifestyles
  • 18. Human Environment Interaction
    • “ How do people relate to the land?”
    • Means where ever people have lived they have changed their environment or have been changed by it.
    • Adapt to the Environment
    • Change the Environment
    • Depend on the Enviroment
  • 19. Adapt to Environment
    • Clothing Styles – Summer/ Winter clothes, building houses on hillsides, irrigation of crops
  • 20. Change the Environment
    • Cut down trees and rain forests, use grasslands to graze herds, mine the earth
  • 21. Depend on the Environment
    • Depend on Coal, Iron Ore, good soil to grow crops, water supply, etc. Jobs.
  • 22. Movement
    • “ How are people, goods, and ideas moved into and out of an area?”
    • Helps geographers understand relationships among places
    • Goods: imports/exports buy/sell
    • People: immigration, naturalization, ancestors
    • By what means: ideas are transported by people, TV, Radio, automobile, plane, FAX, internet
  • 23. Region
    • “Geographers invent them.”
    • Developed by geographers based on different physical or human features