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Europe Unit 4
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Europe Unit 4

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Transcript

  • 1. Unit 4 Europe
  • 2. The Land
    • Covers 1.9 million square miles
    • Seas and Coasts
      • Long jagged coast line (many peninsulas and offshore islands)
      • Being close to the sea has made it easy for most of Europe to trade
      • Sea is a source of food for many Europeans
  • 3. Mountains
    • Europe is covered mostly by mountains
    • The Pyrenees- rugged and form the border between France and Spain
    • The Alps- are located across the southern and central parts of Europe
    • Carpathians- chain of mountains that are located over eastern Europe
  • 4. Plains and Rivers
    • Fertile plains curve around the mountains
    • Farms and cities are located throughout the plains
    • Rivers provide trade links between inland areas
    • The Rhine flows through NW Europe
    • Danube River flows eastward from central Europe to the Black Sea
  • 5. Climate and Vegetation
    • A mild climate
      • Most countries enjoy a mild climate year round (due to the warm Atlantic current)
      • Northern Europe has colder longer winters and short and cool summers
    • Vegetation
      • Northern Europe- mosses and small shrubs
      • NW and Eastern- forests and grasslands
      • Air pollution has harmed many woodlands
  • 6. The Economy
    • Agriculture
      • Very productive farmland
      • Use modern equipment to produce maximum yields of grains, fruits, and vegetables
      • Raise cattle and sheep
    • Industry
      • Industrial centers developed around major mineral deposits
      • Manufacturing centers (cars, textiles, steel)
      • Service industries (banking, insurance, tourism)
  • 7. The People
    • Population- 520 million people
      • Mostly live in urban areas
    • History
      • Ancient Greeks and Romans laid the foundation for European government
      • 500-1500- Christianity shaped Europe
      • 1400s-1500s- The Renaissance (learning and arts advancement)
      • 1700s- The Industrial Revolution occurs
  • 8. The People
    • Europeans explored, settled, and conquered other lands
    • Competition for land led to two world wars
    • After WWII, Europe split, one side communist, the other side non-communist
    • 1980s- communism fell bringing countries’ governments and economies together