Domestic Policy
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Domestic Policy

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Domestic Policy Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Domestic Policy
  • 2. The Cost of Crime to Americans
  • 3.  
  • 4. Cracking Down on Crime
    • Felony —A serious criminal offense punishable by imprisonment for at least one year or by death.
    • Mid-80’s, politicians began to respond to increasing crime rates by passing new sentencing laws, typically called “three-strikes-and-you’re out” laws.
    • These laws require that judges sentence any individual who is convicted of a third felony to life in prison.
  • 5.
    • California, one of the first to pass these laws, has seen reduced crime rates.
    • 7% of all criminals commit between 50% & 70% of all crimes.
    • On the negative side, can lead to murder. Marijuana offenders 4X (times) more likely to be arrested.
  • 6. Eliminate Poverty
    • Poverty Line ---The income level that is used to determine who fall into the poverty category.
    • Current Poverty Line:
    • Single: $9,310
    • Family of four: $ 18,850 (2004)
    • Originally based on the cost of a nutritionally adequate food plan designed by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
  • 7.
    • Determined by multiplying the cost of the food plan by three, on the assumption that food expenses take approx. 1/3 of a poor family’s income.
    • The New Poor
    • Traditionally, the poorer segments of our population
    • have been minorities, older people, & women.
    • New groups are women who head households &
    • children.
  • 8.
    • Single females who head households:
    • 1960---10% 2000---25%
    • Nearly 33% of female householders w/o husbands
    • are living in poverty.
    • Add African American female head of households,
    • the number jumps to 44%.
    • Change to Hispanic, the number is 50%
  • 9. The Homeless
    • Lack of information
    • Some government officials claim that the total number of homeless people is small & that most of these people are mentally ill.
    • Organizations that work to help homeless people, however, claim they number from two to three million.
    • Research has revealed that most are not mentally ill.
  • 10.
    • Some claim 600,000 homeless, 1/3 of those being mentally ill.
    • 20% of homeless are families.
    • Help is given through classes in parenting classes, & assistance in getting employment & disability benefits.
  • 11. Attacking Poverty
    • Social Security ---A government program of required saving financed from payroll taxes imposes on both employers & employees. Workers pay for social security while working & receive benefits after retirement.
    • ***Projected to fall short in 2042 or about five years before people born in 1987 will be scheduled to retire.*****
  • 12.
    • Created in 1953.
    • When the insured worker dies before retirement, benefits go to the survivors, including widows &
    • children.
    • Special benefits provided for disabled workers.
    • Over 90% of all employed persons in the U.S. are covered by Social Security.
  • 13.
    • Paid as payroll taxes, which employers withhold from paychecks & send to the government.
    • These are regressive taxes , meaning the rate is the same for everyone.
  • 14. Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
    • Established a nationwide minimum income for older persons & persons w/disabilities.
    • SSI is financed & administered by the U.S. government.
    • Founded in 1974.
  • 15.
    • Welfare
    • Passage of the Welfare Reform Act in 1996—states
    • gained more responsibility for establishing welfare
    • rules & managing the welfare program.
    • U.S. government gives grants to the states---Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF).
  • 16.
    • U.S. government has placed several restrictions on those who receive TANF benefits.
    • *After two years, welfare recipients may continue to receive benefits only if they are working either in a public service job or in the private sector.
    • *TANF benefits can be paid for a maximum of five years.
    • *States are allowed to deny TANF benefits to unmarried teenage mothers.
  • 17. Food Stamps
    • Government issued coupons that can be used to purchase food.
    • Available for low income individuals & families.
    • Workers who are on strike & even some college students are eligible.
    • Cost—25.8 BILLION
  • 18. Financing Domestic Policy
    • Taxes
    • Federal tax
    • Income tax---- Progressive tax ---the higher the income, the higher the tax rate.
    • Each U.S. income earner must file a tax return, which is a form that shows the tax that is owed.
    • Businesses pay corporate income taxes.
  • 19.
    • Congress places an excise tax on the making, selling, & using of certain goods & services.
    • Estate tax must be paid on the assets of a person who has died.
    • Gifts of over $10,000 in one year are subject to a gift tax.
    • A custom duty is a tax laid on goods brought into the U.S. from another country.
  • 20.
    • Interest —a charge paid for borrowing money, & is usually a % of the amount borrowed.
    • Government makes money from people borrowing money.
    • Money also brought in from copyrights and trademarks.
    • Government is allowed to spend more money than it brings in-----called a deficit .
    • Our federal budget did not have a surplus of money between 1969 & 1998.
  • 21. Cleaning up the Environment
    • 1969/Oil well explosion/Santa Barbara
    • Congress passed the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
    • Required that an environmental impact statement be prepared for every major federal action, showing the extent to which the action would affect the quality of the environment.
    • Also authorized the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
  • 22. Global Warming
    • A gradual increase in the average temperature throughout the world due to the so-called greenhouse effect.
    • The greenhouse effect —The trapping of heat inside the earth’s atmosphere.
    • Scientists disagree over the extent & nature of this development.