Chapter 13 and 28 African Art

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Chapter 13 and 28 African Art

  1. 1. Chapter 13 and 28: African Art<br />AP Art History<br />Magister Ricard<br />
  2. 2. African Civilizations<br />
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  4. 4. Questions to Consider<br />Why is so much of African art focused on spirituality, the spirit world, and the role of ancestors?<br />What media do African artists prefer and why?<br />What is the purpose of art in African culture?<br />
  5. 5. Basic Ideas About African Culture<br />Despite the vast differences, there are similarities<br />Most believe in ancestor worship<br />Ancestors never die and can be consulted<br />Respect for family, blood ties, and the elders<br />Fertility is worshipped<br />Believe in animism, or spirits living throughout the world controlling natural phenomena<br />
  6. 6. African Architecture<br />Chapter 13 and 28 <br />
  7. 7. Characteristics of African Architecture<br />Built to be cool for hot African environment<br />Used lots of mud-brick construction, thatched roofs<br />Mud-brick had to be watched during rainy season<br />Most structures use organic materials, not long lasting<br />Very few stone monuments<br />
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  11. 11. African Sculpture<br />Chapter 13 and 28<br />
  12. 12. Characteristics of African Sculpture<br />Most artwork is portable<br />Large, monumental sculptures found in Egypt but not in the rest of Africa<br />Typical media is wood, ivory, and metals; stone is rare<br />Sometimes used multi-media, attaching feathers, fabrics, beads<br />Findings do not reveal use of pre-planning in artwork, sketches, etc.<br />Bodies and features can be exaggerated<br />Forms tend to be geometric abstraction, does not stress realism<br />Masks are used in ceremony; important part of culture<br />
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  22. 22. African Art In the Modern Era<br />Chapter 28<br />

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