Roles and Responsibilities of the Online LearnerPresentation Transcript
Roles & Responsibilities of the Online Learner Jason F. Rhode, Ph.D.
Types of Interaction in Learning
Interaction with content
With the instructor
With fellow students
The Learning Web (Palloff & Pratt, 2001, p. 140) Student Peers Instructor Content Technology The Learning Web Instructor Student Peers Technology Content
Characteristics of Successful Online Learners
Have basic computer skills and access to technology
Open minded attitude
Not hindered by the absence of auditory or visual cues
Self-motivated and self-disciplined
Willing to commit significant time to their studies weekly
Characteristics Successful Online Learners
Team players – can and do work collaboratively
Have the ability to reflect and acknowledge those reflections
Hold a belief that high quality learning can happen anywhere and anytime
Elements of Online Communities
Two Additional Elements of Online Learning Communities
The Community Puzzle (Palloff & Pratt, 1999, p. 30) Faculty Guidance Teamwork Mutually Negotiated Guidelines Community Facilitation Collaborative Learning Active creation of knowledge & meaning Interaction & Feedback Focused Outcomes Shared Goals Buy in from Everyone
Student Roles in Online Learning Communities
Student Responsibilities in Community Formation
Willingness to take on responsibility
Willingness to work collaboratively
Sharing details from work and life outside of school
Posting introductions and bios
Creating a social space in the course
Judicious use of chat for socialization
Modeling openness and humor
Developing an understanding of the nature of online learning and a willingness to “go with the flow”
Willingness to give-up control and allow learners to take charge of the learning process
Involving learners in co-creating learning opportunities
Orienting students to the roles of the instructor and learners
Being willing to give and receive feedback and share thoughts and concerns as they arise
Model open, honest communication
Orient students to appropriate communication skills and giving and receiving substantive feedback
Orient students to the realities of online learning
Provide opportunities for feedback, such as posting papers to the course site with the expectation that feedback will be given and received.
Willingness to Take the Responsibility for Community Formation
Demonstrating responsibility by taking charge of discussion and other learning activities
Rotate or share the facilitation role with students by asking them to take charge of a week or two of the online discussion
Rotate leadership of small groups
Use a “process monitor,” a student who comments on group process
Willingness to Work Collaboratively
Demonstrating the ability to work with peers in discussion as well as in collaborative small group activities
Establish minimum posting requirements and monitor those for compliance
Grade on participation
Post grading rubrics
Use collaborative small group assignments
Tips to Achieving Maximum Participation
Be clear about how much time the course will require for students and faculty in order to eliminate potential misunderstandings about course demands.
Teach students about online learning.
As the instructor, be a model of good participation
Tips to Achieving Maximum Participation
Be willing to step in and set limits if participation wanes or if the conversation is headed in the wrong direction.
Remember that there are people attached to the words on the screen. Be willing to contact students who are not participating and invite them in.
Create a warm and inviting atmosphere
Community – from an Online Student
In understanding the notion of online community, I think we must recognize the fact that no matter how attractive the option of being a sponge, it does not build community. Corals build community by each secreting their resources to build the reef and mutually supporting the group.
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