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Relative clauses commas reductions
Relative clauses commas reductions
Relative clauses commas reductions
Relative clauses commas reductions
Relative clauses commas reductions
Relative clauses commas reductions
Relative clauses commas reductions
Relative clauses commas reductions
Relative clauses commas reductions
Relative clauses commas reductions
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Relative clauses commas reductions

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  • 1. Relative Clauses: -when to use commas -reduced relative clauses
  • 2. When to use commas in relative clauses
    • No Comma:
    • Students who cheat only harm themselves.
    • The baby that is wearing a yellow jumpsuit   is my niece.
    • The candidate who had the least money lost the election.
    • With Comma:
    • Fred , who often cheats,  is just harming himself.
    • My niece , who is wearing a yellow jumpsuit,  is playing in the living room.
    • The Green party candidate , who had the least money,  lost the election.
    • What’s the difference?
    • Try writing the sentences above without the clauses.
  • 3. When to use commas in relative clauses
    • No Comma:
    • Students harm themselves.
    • The baby   is my niece.
    • The candidate lost the election.
    • With Comma:
    • Fred is just harming himself.
    • My niece is playing in the living room.
    • The Green party candidate lost the election.
    • What’s the difference?
    • Essential Information vs. Non-Essential Information
  • 4. When to use commas in relative clauses
    • No Comma:
    • Students  who cheat harm themselves.
    • The baby  that is wearing a yellow jumpsuit is my niece.
    • The candidate who had the least money  lost the election.
    • With Comma:
    • Fred is just harming himself.
    • My niece is playing in the living room.
    • The Green party candidate lost the election.
    • What’s the difference?
    • Essential Information vs. Non-Essential Information
  • 5. When to use commas in relative clauses
    • No Comma:
    • Students  who cheat harm themselves.
    • The baby  that is wearing a yellow jumpsuit is my niece.
    • The candidate who had the least money  lost the election.
    • With Comma:
    • Fred, who often cheats , is just harming himself.
    • My niece, who is wearing a yellow jumpsuit, is playing in the living room.
    • The Green party candidate , who had the least money,  lost the election.
    • What’s the difference?
    • Essential Information vs. Non-Essential Information
  • 6. Reduced Relative Clause
    • A. The man  who is in the house  likes to watch television all day.
    • B. The man  in the house  likes to watch television all day.
    • A. The man  who is swimming in the lake  is my father.
    • B. The man  swimming in the lake  is my father.
    • A. The survey  which was conducted by the government  did not indicate true public opinion.
    • B. The survey  conducted by the government  did not indicate true public opinion.
    • A. This is the house  that Jack built .
    • B. This is the house Jack built.
  • 7.
    • they are followed by a  prepositional phrase .
    • A. The man  who is in the house  likes to watch television all day.
    • B. The man  in the house  likes to watch television all day.
    • A. The books  that are on the desk  are mine.
    • B. The books  on the desk  are mine. 
  • 8.
    • 2. the main verb in the relative clause is  progressive .
    • A. The man  who is swimming in the lake  is my father.
    • B. The man  swimming in the lake  is my father.
    • A. The clothes  that are lying on the floor  belong to me.
    • B. The clothes  lying on the floor  belong to me. 
  • 9.
    • 3. the main verb in the relative clause is  passive .
    • A. The survey  which was conducted by the government  did not indicate true public opinion.
    • B. The survey  conducted by the government  did not indicate true public opinion.
    • A. The food  that was eaten  by the mice was poisonous.
    • B. The food  eaten by the mice  was poisonous.
    •  
  • 10.
    • The  relative pronoun  can be deleted if there is a  new  subject and verb following it:
    • A. This is the house  that Jack built .
    • B. This is the house Jack built.
    • A. The person  whom you see  is my father.
    • B. The person you see is my father.
    • A. This is the place  where I live .
    • B. This is the place I live.

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