Grammar midterm exam


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Grammar midterm exam

  1. 1. Grammar Midterm ExamFall 2012EAP 90
  2. 2. Verb FormsTime Frame AspectPast SimplePresent ProgressiveFuture Perfect Perfect Progressive Verbs: eat play
  3. 3. Present Time Frame• Present Simple vs. Present Progressive ▫ Present Simple  Recurring habits and skills I drink coffee in the morning.  Facts Flowers need water to live.  Permanent situations We live in Saint Louis.  States and Conditions Doctors have a lot of responsibility
  4. 4. Present Time Frame• Present Simple vs. Present Progressive ▫ Present Progressive  Action in progress at time of speaking/writing I am drinking coffee right now.  Action that is happening around time of speaking/writing The cold weather is killing my plants.  Temporary situations We are living in Saint Louis (until I finish my job here).  Actions The doctors are having a lot of fun at the party
  5. 5. Present Time FrameDynamic vs Nondynamic verbsDynamic: Nondynamic:Verbs that describe actions Verbs that describe states The dog is running. Dogs like to run. I am eating. I want to eat She drinks coffee. She needs coffee.
  6. 6. Present Time FrameDynamic vs Nondynamic verbsDynamic can be progressive: Nondynamic can not be progressive: The dog is running. Dogs like to run. I am eating. I want to eat She is drinking coffee. She needs coffee.
  7. 7. Present Perfect• Something that continues from past until present: ▫ I have lived in Saint Louis for 8 years. ▫ I lived in New York for 8 years.• Something that is still true now: ▫ I have learned how to adapt to American culture. ▫ I learned how to adapt to Japanese culture when I lived there (2 years ago).• Some connection to the present situation (experiences): ▫ I have been to Hawaii. ▫ I have eaten grasshoppers.
  8. 8. Present Perfect• Something that happened very recently: ▫ I have just met Barack Obama! ▫ We have just arrived here.• When using ‘ever’, ‘never’, or ‘since’: ▫ I have never learned how to play piano. ▫ Have you ever learned how to paint? ▫ She has studied at SLU since 2009.
  9. 9. Future Forms• Will Future ▫ You will have 16 children. (prediction) ▫ Don’t worry! I will pick up that glass. (decision) ▫ Plants will die if you don’t give them water (general truth)• Going to Future ▫ I’m going to play football with my friends this weekend. (plan/intention)• Present Progressive Future ▫ I’m playing football with my friends this weekend. (plan/intention – similar to going to future)
  10. 10. Future Forms• Present Simple Future ▫ Our plane leaves at 4:10. (schedule/timetable) ▫ My birthday is Friday. (schedule/event) ▫ Tomorrow is another day. (absolute certainty)• Modal to Future ▫ I should go to the zoo this weekend. (uncertainty) ▫ He might play baseball this weekend. (uncertainty)
  11. 11. Noun ModifiersDeterminer Intensifier Adjectives Noun Noun Modifying and modifier Phrases Participlesthe/a/an Really Old/new Stone Wall •Next to theSome/no Very Interesting University Campus riverMy/your Slightly Red/green •DescribedThese/those in the book
  12. 12. Noun Modifiers – adjectives orderOpinion Appearance Age Color OriginGood Big Old Red WoodenBad Heavy New Black MetalUgly Round Young Green FrenchInteresting Chipped JapaneseNice Broken
  13. 13. PassivesHow to make passives: The Egyptians constructed the Pyramids. The Pyramids were constructed by the Egyptians.
  14. 14. PassivesHow to make passives:The cookie is eaten by Steve. Past? Present Perfect? Present Progressive? Future?
  15. 15. Transitive vs. Intransitive VerbsTransitive Verbs: Verbs that have receivers (objects) for example: *Transitive Verbs can be Passive I was punished by my mother for being late.Intransitive Verbs: Verbs that do not have receivers (objects) for example: *Intransitive Verbs can not be Passive I arrived home at 11:00 PM. See page 56 for list of some intransitive verbs