Human Rights Abuses WWII

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Human Rights Abuses WWII

  1. 1. Human Rights Violations <ul><li>Bataan Death March (Japan) </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese Internment (United States) </li></ul><ul><li>Holocaust (Germany) </li></ul>
  2. 2. Bataan Death March <ul><li>April 1942 </li></ul><ul><li>American and Filipino troops fight to defend Bataan region in the Philippines </li></ul><ul><li>Japanese troops overwhelm them and capture them as prisoners </li></ul><ul><li>Forced walk to detention camp is brutal and deadly </li></ul>
  3. 3. 70 Mile March
  4. 4. <ul><li>Japan felt ready to show that they were the superior power in Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>They committed random beatings and killings of all kinds: killed men without cause, or if a guard felt that someone had looked at him the wrong way, he was at liberty to bayonet him to death. If a prisoner was found with a souvenir, he was shot immediately because his executioners assumed that the only way to obtain such an item was to kill a Japanese soldier. </li></ul>
  5. 6. End of the road…
  6. 7. Japanese-American Internment Camps
  7. 8. <ul><li>After the bombing of Pearl </li></ul><ul><li>Harbor, the US questioned </li></ul><ul><li>The loyalty of Japanese- </li></ul><ul><li>Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>President agreed to send </li></ul><ul><li>them to “relocation” camps. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>The War Relocation Authority was created to administer the assembly centers, relocation centers, and internment camps, and relocation of Japanese-Americans began in April 1942. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Japanese-Americans were forced to sell their homes and businesses at a great loss. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Where were the camps?
  11. 12. The Building of the camps……..
  12. 13. A Typical layout of a camp….
  13. 15. <ul><li>Blocks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>consisting of about 12 to 14 barracks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a mess hall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Showers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toilets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>laundry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>recreation hall. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Each barrack was about 20 by 16 to 20 by 25 feet. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One room, one family </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>The camps in the West were very dusty. </li></ul>
  15. 17. Arrival at the camps……
  16. 18. Perimeter Warning Sign…..
  17. 19. <ul><li>feeding the evacuees could not cost more than rations for the Army, which were set at 30 cents per person per day. Actual costs per evacuee were approximately 45 cents per person per day; sometimes they fell as low as 31 cents.12 </li></ul>
  18. 20. Dry Goods Canteen
  19. 21. <ul><li>This replica of a Tule Lake Internment Camp watchtower. Twenty eight of these towers surrounded the 11x4 square mile camp </li></ul>
  20. 22. Barbed Wire Fences…..
  21. 24. A Kindergarten class….
  22. 25. A High School……..
  23. 26. Waiting in line for a meal….
  24. 27. Meal time
  25. 28. Working…..
  26. 29. The Holocaust In 1922, Adolf Hitler allegedly said: 'Once I really am in power, my first and foremost task will be the annihilation of the Jews...' http://isurvived.org/TOC-I.html ).
  27. 30. Ghettos
  28. 31. <ul><li>http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/media_nm.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005143&MediaId=3372 </li></ul>
  29. 32. The Holocaust <ul><li>12 Years, 1933-1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis: conquer world, establish “Master Race”, get rid of “undesirables” </li></ul><ul><li>Killed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 million Jews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 million non-Jews </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gas chambers were efficient ways of killing </li></ul>
  30. 33. Final Solution
  31. 34. Valuables confiscated
  32. 35. Human Ashes
  33. 36. Mass graves
  34. 37. <ul><li>9,508,340 estimated Jews in Europe prior to WWII </li></ul><ul><li>63% - Estimated % Killed in Holocaust </li></ul><ul><li>5,962,129 – Estimated # Killed </li></ul><ul><li>3,546,211 – Estimated # of Holocaust Survivors </li></ul><ul><li>www.ushmm.org </li></ul><ul><li>for further information </li></ul>
  35. 38. www.ushmm.org Roll over History Click Online Exhibitions Find 4 exhibitions from DIFFERENT categories. Examine, watch movies, etc... Take notes about what you found interesting / insightful / appaling, etc. 4 exhibitions = approximately 8 minutes per topic.
  36. 39. www.ushmm.org
  37. 40. Post War Trial <ul><li>Nuremberg War Crimes Trial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Ever war crimes trial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazis on trial for brutality beyond that of acceptable wartime actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allied Judges tried prominent Nazis for the Holocaust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1946 – determined that individuals were held responsible for their actions during a war even if “just following orders.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar trials in Japan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atomic Bomb? </li></ul></ul>

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