Remote 2008 4 [Compatibility Mode]

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Remote 2008 4 [Compatibility Mode]

  1. 1. Smart Wireless Communications for SCADA Operations Jake Rasweiler, P.E., PMP VP IT, Engineering & Network Operations Arcadian Networks, Inc.
  2. 2. Agenda Smart Grid Concepts Architectural & Design Overview & Considerations Indicative Build-outs Application Examples & Profiles Service Delivery Design & Implementation Network Management Use Cases: Minnesota Network 2 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. Smart Grid Communications The U.S. Department of Energy assigns the following characteristics to smart grid: Self-healing from power disturbance events Enabling active participation by consumers in demand response Operating resiliently against physical and cyber attack Providing power quality for 21st century needs Accommodating all generation and storage options Enabling new products, services, and markets; and Optimizing assets and operating efficiently Communications allow for secure, two-way, high- speed communications
  4. 4. CII and Meter Wireless Potential Utility AMI type Meters Year Status Kansas City Power and Light Fixed RF 473,863.00 1996 Contracted Puget Sound Energy Fixed RF 1,325,000.00 1997 Contracted Exelon (PECO) Fixed RF 2,100,000.00 1999 Contracted United Illuminating (CT) Fixed RF 320,000.00 1999 Contracted Austin Energy Fixed RF 125,864.00 2002 Contracted WE Energies (WI) Fixed RF 1,000,000.00 2002 Contracted Colorado Springs Fixed RF 400,000.00 2005 Contracted Chathum Kent Fixed RF 100,000.00 2006 Contracted City of Seattle Fixed RF 400,000.00 2006 Contracted Southern Company Fixed RF 35,000.00 2006 Contracted Critical Assets by Vertical Industry Total Assets by Vertical Industry Arizona Public Service Fixed RF 800,000.00 2007 Utility plans Austin Energy Fixed RF 230,000.00 2007 Contracted 1,200,000 Consumers Energy Fixed RF 1,700,000.00 2007 Utility plans Duke Energy in Kentucky Fixed RF 250,000.00 2007 Utility plans 1,000,000 1,027,287 Florida Power and Light Fixed RF 100,000.00 2007 Contracted Number of Assets 800,000 Hawaiian Electric Company Fixed RF 3,000.00 2007 Contracted Northeast Utilities Fixed RF 1,181,880.00 2007 Filed AMI plan 600,000 Southern California Edison Fixed RF 4,475,000.00 2007 Filed AMI plan 534,327 529,168 WE Energies (WI) Fixed RF 100,000.00 2007 Contracted 400,000 418,620 Xcel Energy Fixed RF 710,000.00 2007 Contracted 312,473 294,351 200,000 Anaheim Utilities Fixed RF 110,635.00 2008 Utility plans Pepco Holdings Fixed RF 1,830,000.00 2008 Filed AMI plan - Electric Oil Gas Water Mining Others CenterPoint Fixed RF and BPL 1,900,000.00 2006 Contracted Total RF 19,670,242.00 BGE TBD 1,000,000.00 2007 Filed AMI plan DTE Energy TBD 1,300,000.00 2007 Utility plans Tallahassee city of TBD 107,780.00 2007 Utility plans Utilities active in market TBD 3,960,000.00 2007 Market Activity American Electric Power TBD 4,730,000.00 2008 Utility plans Consolidated Edison TBD 1,900,000.00 2008 Utility plans CPS Energy TBD 627,210.00 2008 Utility plans Explosive Growth in Wireless Duke Energy in NC TBD 2,200,000.00 2008 Filed AMI plan Energy East TBD 1,229,788.00 2008 Filed AMI plan Deployment Florida Power and Light TBD 3,900,000.00 2008 Pilot Ongoing Hawaiian Electric Company TBD 291,580.00 2008 Pilot Ongoing Portland General TBD 775,000.00 2008 Filed AMI plan San Diego Gas and Electric TBD 1,300,000.00 2008 Filed AMI plan Central Vermont Public Service TBD 175,000.00 2010 Utility plans Total RF and TBD 43,166,600.00 Source: FERC, Assessment of Demand Response & Advanced Metering: Staff Report, Docket No. AD06-2, August 7, 2007
  5. 5. Architecture and Design Use Cases
  6. 6. 700MHz Spectrum 806 698 757-758 787-788 Public Public B A AD A B C D E A B C C D C B Safety Safety 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 Contiguous & Unencumbered 2 x 1 MHz Broadband Coverage 30+States Ideal for fixed and mobile, voice and data Uniform equipment, skills and service territory Flexible channelizations supported: 12.5, 25, 50, 100, 200, 225, 333 6 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  7. 7. Integrated IP Network Consolidation Consolidation leads to: Increased service level availability Lower total cost of ownership Grouping by application types/use Reduced complexity Greater reliance on individual systems Secure 700MHz Wireless Platform Asset Management Command AMI Field Force Mobility & Control OMS/DMS Secure Wi-Fi Hot Capacitor Banks Fault Indicators Mission Critical Concentrator Transformers Mobile Asset Mobile Data Distribution Regulators Reclosers Backhaul SCADA Zones Mgt. Gas Customer Requirements 7 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  8. 8. Architectural & Design Overview & Considerations Indicative Build-outs - Minnesota 8 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  9. 9. Network Services
  10. 10. Network Services Network Management Capabilities Incident Resolution Provisioning and Visualization Tailored based on SLA MTTR Network Awareness requirements with custom escalation policies Alarm notification and correlation Technician oriented and NMS Alarm Summary Page proactive Auto-Generated Incident Ticket Root cause Steps to be taken Site access information and Troubleshooting (NOC) location Converged real-time and historical, performance & Network and Help-Desk Reporting RF, statistics Fully customizable reports Customer SLA reporting RF statistical reports for proactive optimization 10 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  11. 11. Superior Network Visibility and Surveillance
  12. 12. Network Virtualization Network awareness Geographical Asset Map Hierarchical Network Dependencies 12 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  13. 13. Networking Design Design and implementation vary based on existing conditions: Example: 700 MHz network deployed as “untrusted” VLAN segregation for Core network Payload data 700 MHz network management AES-128 IPSEC VPN security applied to all VLANs Fixed IP addressing option Radius integration Policy management & procedures
  14. 14. Last “20-mile” Network Collaborative Network Operations, Visibility 67 towers and Change Management ~600 access points (CPE) 700 MHz Firewall Arcadian NOC Backhaul Network Customer NOC Microwave, Fiber, Leased Line 20 mile radius 14
  15. 15. Smart Grid Communication IP Addressing, VLANs and VPNs 10.100.1.0/24 10.200.1.0/24  216.244.114.67 10.200.1.0/24 Transmission Customer Owned Local Direct Lines Transmission Distribution Customer Corporate HQ Generation Station  216.244.114.67 10.200.1.0/24 Transformer Municipal Local Station Station Distribution Center 10.300.1.0/24 Customer Service Distribution AN Network Management IT / Admin / Security Transmission Engineering •Options: logical IP segregation by Region or Technology :VLAN segregation by “network”: security, users, network management
  16. 16. Wireless Network Estimating & Planning
  17. 17. Architectural & Design Overview & Considerations Coverage & Capacity Capacity Coverage Application Requirements # of Intelligent End Devices Coverage Area Reading intervals ROM # of Bytes per read Coverage Simulation Maximum Latency Tolerable Equipment Capabilities # of Base stations / Sectors Frequency Payload 700MHz, 2.4GHz, 3.65GHz, 5 Duty Cycle .8GHz Bits/hertz Serial / Ethernet Maximum radios per channel 17 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  18. 18. Network Interoperability Arcadian Networks’ 700 MHz Base Station Workorder VOIP AVL / GIS TMR Management Energy Management Transmission Substation Distribution AMI System Automation Automation Automation
  19. 19. ROM: Coverage / Capacity ..ExcelArcadian Networks Sol Template - UTC.xls Bits Based System Utilization (1 minute granularity) 15.81% 12.94% Total Payload 11.97% 84.19% 87.06% Available for VoIP 88.03% 0.09% 0.01% HAN (Scenario 2) 0.01% 2.45% 0.48% Distribution Automation 0.48% 3.38% 2.71% SUBSTATIONS 2.71% 3.50% 3.44% Transfer Switches 3.44% % Capacity Utilized (Transactions + Polling) 3.60% 3.55% Switches 3.55% ` % Capacity Utilized (Raw Bits + Polling) 0.0004% 0.0004% Recloser % Capacity Utilized (Raw ELECCO Bits ONLY) 0.0004% 0.0006% 0.0006% Regulators 0.0006% 0.0023% ..DatarateOVERtimeREV5.1.xls 0.0023% Capacitor Bank 0.0023% 2.79% 2.75% Data Rate Total/m (AMI) 1.77% 100.00% 100.00% Data Rate/V/m 100.00% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Bandwidth : Range Tradeoff Channel Size : Data Rate Tradeoff
  20. 20. Application profiling examples 27 end-point locations studied SCADA EMS poll data rate: 254bps Average RTU response: 192bps Average SCADA response payload: 30 bytes ranging from 0 to 187 bytes Largest RTU (analog and status points): sent and received 317KB over a one hour period. Direct Meter Reading Average number of bytes sent and received during meter read: 24KB Average meter poll data rate: 1019bps Average meter response data rate: 3916bps Response duration of 38 seconds Transaction/sec. & legacy connections must be considered Courtesy of Great River Energy
  21. 21. Radio Frequency Design •High Resolution Terrain •Multi-factor Clutter •Signal Testing & Model Tuning 21 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  22. 22. Radio Design Coverage analysis Uses lat/long, available tower height Propagation models use current, high resolution terrain and multi-factor clutter Tune propagation models to local environment Signal test where appropriate Evaluate wide-area coverage and individual path profiles to mitigate obstruction and clearance issues Conduct pre-deployment site visits to evaluate site integration and mechanical designs
  23. 23. Architecture Arcadian Networks – Basestation freestanding indoor rack Ethernet To IP Backhaul Network 700 MHz Sector Antennas WMTS AC in UPS Surge Suppressor 23 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  24. 24. 24 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  25. 25. Service Delivery MN: Broadband IP ANI 700 Data rate varies by technology MN Throughput Downstream: 1 2 1Mbps / sector Upstream 600 kbps / sector 3 QoS: SCADA priority Best effort 700 MHz Pt-Multi-Pt Availability Design Basestation > 99.5% minimum total network availability MN Latency ~90 millisecond latency Smart grid: engineered for transactions / second Note: applies to consumer data services, equipment, and private networks
  26. 26. Product Details Arcadian Networks – End-point Radio Configuration(s) Networking Cisco IOS LAN interfaces 3 x 10/100BaseT Serial Interfaces 4 x RS232 Power Supply Console Interfaces 2 x RS232 (Control & Router) 48V DC UHF (700 MHz) RF N-Type, 50 Ohm Wi-Fi (2.4 GHz) RF Two TNC-Type, 50 Ohm Rugged IEEE-1613 26 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  27. 27. Product Details Arcadian Networks – End-point Radio Configuration(s) LAN interfaces 1 x 10/100BaseT Serial Interfaces 1 x RS232 Console Interfaces 1 x10/100BaseT Power Supply UHF (700 MHz) RF N-Type, 50 Ohm 12V DC Wi-Fi (2.4 GHz) RF Two TNC-Type, 50 Ohm Rugged NEMA4x/IP66, +85 C chipset 27 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  28. 28. Gemini G3 700 MHz ● 128 Kbps Speed; 50KHz Channel ● Standard Ethernet 10/100BaseT RJ-45 Automatic MDIX ● Two RS232 Ports Can Act as Terminal Server ● Secure with AES 128 Encryption ● Adjustable 10 to 30 Watt Output ● Dual Receivers Producing the Parallel Decode Advantage ● Embedded Web Server Provides Browser Access for Configuration and Network Parameters ● Over-the-Air Programmable ● SNMP Network Management ● Packets are embedded with GPS Data (Out-of-Band)
  29. 29. Product Details FreeWave – Form Factor and Specs FreeWave Industrial Radio 1. Narrowband serial radio Single radio acts as repeater Access point or end point in one radio Superior interference rejection Range is 30 miles -40 to +60 C Temperature range 29 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  30. 30. Minnesota/Wisconsin Network Use Cases
  31. 31. Generation & Transmission Customer Profile Great River Energy’s Business Objectives Improve EMS communications to substations Build foundation to support BlackStart Increase load management reliability Provide improved reliability of mobile radio network (failsafe “last resort”) Provide diverse redundancy at generating stations (both baseload and peaking) Build foundation for recoverability of company operations at another company (backup) site 31
  32. 32. GREs Solution Approach: Arcadian 700 MHz High speed broadband technology Always on High Speed Routable Low latency High Capacity Integrated network solution Licensed, standards-based solution Commercial off the shelf technology Available “hot spots” or access points High levels of reliability, maintainability and manageability Able to expand and re-configure
  33. 33. GRE Member’s first “20-mile” network
  34. 34. Current Deployment: 58,000 sq. miles 30 to 40 mile links
  35. 35. CPE Distance and Height 45 40 CPE Distance from Tower (Miles) Average range:10.3 miles 35 +/- 1σ :4.8 and 15.7 miles Deployed >20 Miles:4% 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 7 13 13 13 13 13 13 22 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 40 42 50 56 60 60 60 60 60 80 90 90 CPE Height (feet)
  36. 36. GRE CPE ACTIVITY CPE Activity ~600 total CPE sites in plan >526 sites installed ~500 with meters connected 100+ RTUs active 100+ distribution Coop connections Balance of sites planned for 2008 Courtesy of Great River Energy 36
  37. 37. Selected Customers Generation & Transmission Distribution: (14 total)
  38. 38. Applications
  39. 39. Data Integration Examples Multi-vendor environment SCADA RTUs Meters: MV90 and real time Load management transmitters: one-way SEL 2030 interface to relays VoIP Phone WiFi Access Point AMR/AMI Backhaul – PLC, wireless Remote Generators (customer premises) Security (video, card key access) 39 •Courtesy of Great River Energy
  40. 40. Solution Examples
  41. 41. Application Solutions – Electric Utilities Corporate, Industrial & Agricultural AMI for Load and Outage Management IED can be connected directly to radio 1 2 for bi-directional communications Equipment can be placed in NEMA enclosure if it requires protection from the elements Radio connects to broadband network 3 Data is routed via private 700MHz backhaul WWAN 4 1 2 3 4 41 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  42. 42. Connexus Energy Challenge: Converted from 900MHz substation comms due to reliability and interference challenges. Moved 900MHz resources to point-to-point applications in the field. Approach: Began installation of Arcadian 700MHz for distribution substation communications in Q1 2007. Deployment ongoing. Application: Supporting SCADA/RTU comms and critical peak load control voltage management program with GRE. Expand use for 2-way advanced metering back-haul. Deployed remote control capability for utility managed generators customer premises Enabled VOIP connectivity in substations Results: 20 substations live with ongoing roll out underway as substation data concentrator and SCADA upgrades occur across system. Communication reliability improved from mid 80’s to 99.9% Courtesy of Connexus Energy
  43. 43. Crow Wing Power Challenge: Install a cost-effective broadband network connectivity to substations across a wide geographic service territory. Support reliable and dedicated connectivity for two-way advanced metering power line carrier communication backhaul and load control applications. Approach: Began installation of Arcadian 700MHz modems for distribution substation communications in Q3 2007. Deployment ongoing. Application: Supporting high speed comms for critical peak load control voltage management program with GRE. Expanded capability and reliability for 2-way advanced metering back-haul and Landis+Gyr PLC AMI application. Results: Zero weather related outages: Improved reliability and connectivity even during Winter 2008 blizzard snow storm conditions. Communications foundation for additional smart grid applications planned. Courtesy of Crow Wing Power
  44. 44. 44 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  45. 45. Design and Meter and Mobile Workforce WiFi Deployment 45 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  46. 46. Design and Implementation Video Surveillance Deployment 46 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  47. 47. Design and Implementation Substation automation 47 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  48. 48. CPE connection in Wind Turbine array 11/18/2008 Arcadian Networks
  49. 49. Summary
  50. 50. Teaming Agreement Utility G&T Arcadian Networks Assets Towers & Infrastructure Spectrum Power & Backup Generators Carrier-grade Equipment Skills Reduced Field Engineering Radio Frequency Design Control Field Maintenance Network Operations Center Risk Compensation Utility assets Custom, private carrier services Utility Field skills Select equipment Incremental Subscribers Ongoing NOC Services 50 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  51. 51. Cell on Wheels (COW) Test platform / DR
  52. 52. Smart Grid Solutions Operating multi-utility smart grid communication network Multi-vendor Legacy serial applications Converged IP architecture Grid Virtualization AMI/AMR Distribution Automation Substation Automation (Last Mile) Secure SCADA / DCS / Telemetry Demand Response / Management Physical Security and Access Management Workforce Empowerment & Mobility VOIP / Internet Governance & Compliance NERC, IEEE
  53. 53. Industry Awards and Affiliations “The 2007 Broadband Wireless Carrier Technology “…15 privately held emerging companies we Innovation of the Year Award recognizes companies believe hold the most promise to help shape that make a significant contribution to the industry” the wireless broadband industry…” - Roberta Gamble and Shreyas Rajan, Analysts - Lynnette Luna, Editor Integrated Access 2008 UTC Apex Award Finalist Broadband services Great River Energy 53 © 2007 Arcadian Networks. All rights reserved.
  54. 54. Thank you

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