Ills of indian society
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Ills of indian society

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Ills of indian society Ills of indian society Presentation Transcript

  • ON iLL’S OF INDIAN SOCIETY
  • Boundations INTRO DUCTION Blood Grief Pain Humiliation Struggle Sufferings Tears Terror • THE INDIAN SOCIETY HAS SEVERAL ILL PRACTISE OUT OF WHICH SOME MOST COMMON PRACTISES ARE CHILD LABOUR,DOWRY,CASTESIM AND POVERTY. • THE INCREASING POPULATION AND POVERTY ARE THE MAJOR CAUSE THAT LEADS TO CHILD LABOUR. ACCORDING TO DOWRY PROHIBITION ACT OF 1961 IT IS STRICTRLY PROHIBITED BUT NOW ALSO IT IS IN PRACTISE.CASTESIM WAS USED AS A WEAPON IN BRITISH PERIOD IN ORDER TO DIVIDE AND RULE. • THE CONSTITUTION HAS LAWS REGARDING ABOLITION OF UNTOUCHABILITY BUT IT IS EVEN PRACTISED TILL PRESENT DAY.SO, LET US DISCUSS SOME OF MAJOR ILL’S OF INDIAN SOCIETY.
  • Various Points of Concern:Population Dowry Casteism Child Labour Poverty
  • Population:According to 1981 census our population is about 68.5 crore , which is about three times in USA, having three fold size. Compared to the natural and human resources of the country India is definitely overpopulated. The reason of overpopulation may be defined as lack of awareness among the uneducated class of the
  • Factors Responsible:• Lack of proper education • Being superstitious by nature, Indians regard children as the gift of nature. • They know very little about the modern methods of population control. • They do not realise the importance of better standards of living.
  • Countries go through five stages of population growth These are shown by the Demographic transition model (DTM) Poorer, less developed countries are in the earlier stages of the DTM, whilst richer more developed countries are in the later stages.
  • • The working population pay taxes, some of which the government use to pay the state pensions of older people and to pay for services like healthcare and retirement homes. • Taxes would need to go up because there are more pensions to pay for and older people need more healthcare. The economy would grow more slowlyless money is being spent on things that help the economy e.g. education and business. • Healthcare services are stretched more because older people need more medical care. • People will need to spend more time working as unpaid carers for older family members. This means that the working population have less leisure time and are more stressed and worried. • People may have fewer children because they cant afford lots of children when they have dependant older relatives. This leads to a drop in birth rate. • The more old people there are the lower the pension will be .People will have to retire later because they cant afford to get by on a state pension.
  • Suggestions for Population control:-  Social Legislation prohibiting early marriage.  Improvement in the percentage of literacy.  Family norms should be implemented so that they are made aware of the consequences of large families
  • INTRODUTION DOWRY Dowry means the money, goods or estate that a woman brings to her husband in marriage Dowry is a continuing demand. It is not one isolated payment made initially at the time of marriage alone, but a series of gifts before and after marriage till the in-laws and the husband are appeased. This custom of dowry has been in vogue since very ancient times
  • As per the Dowry Prohibition Act 1961, Dowry is Any property or valuable security given or agreed to be given either directly or indirectly— 1. By one party to a marriage to the other party to the marriage; or 2. By parents of either party to a marriage or by any other person to either party to the marriage or to any other person, at or before or after the marriage
  • Dowry Related Crimes Dowry Death Indian law states that any suspicious death of a married woman within seven years of her marriage is considered to be a case of dowry death unless proved otherwise by the defendants It is a cognizable and non-bailable offence.
  • Dowry Deaths has been defined in under Sec. 304 B of IPC as 1. When the death of a woman is caused by any burns or bodily injury or occurs otherwise than under normal circumstances within seven years of her marriage and it is shown that soon before her death she was subjected to cruelty or harassments by her husband or by any relative of her husband for, or in connection with the any demand for dowry, such deaths shall be called 'dowry death’ and such husband or relative shall be deemed to have caused her death.
  • 2. Whoever commits dowry deaths shall be punished by imprisonment for no less than seven years, but which may extend to life imprisonment.
  • Summary This problem is frequent in low or lower middle class. Many of the victims are in the early periods of marriage with extensive burns. Moreover, newly married females are also much more vulnerable to accidental burn as they, in their new place at in-laws house, fail to acclimatize with all sorts of adversities. Though only few cases of literate women succumbed to this injury in authors study, yet literacy has little to do with these injuries as because female literacy itself as whole is low.
  • Even the literate woman fails to acclimatize with the situation and suicide is resulted. Many of the women die issue less or after having one or two children. Apart from this, dowry problem which results in bride burning is increasing day by day in spite of legislation. Usually the dowry problem exists in joint families and arranged marriages, where the burning of married females are seen mostly.
  • RAISE YOUR VOICE AGAINST DOWRY
  • Casteism:-• Caste system is based on the principle of inequality. It believes that some people are higher than others. They are not fit to live with the high caste people. • They are to be deprived of all privileges and facilities. • They are denied high posts and positions they can’t man theSe. • Their educational backwardness stood on the way of their consciousness, on the way of social justice. • Once backward in educational field they had least share in bureaucracy and decision making process,to their own advantage.
  • Social and economic divides still exist across India
  • Caste and community profile people below poverty line in India CASTE & COMMUNITY GROUPS RURAL URBAN Schedule Tribes 45.8 35.6 Schedule Caste 35.9 38.3 Other Backward Castes 27.0 29.5 Muslim Upper Castes 26.8 34.2 Hindu Upper Castes 11.7 09.9 Christian Upper Castes 09.6 05.4 Upper Castes Sikhs 00.0 04.9 Other Upper Castes 16.0 02.7 All group 27.0 23.4
  • Child Labour:Child labour refers to the employment of children under 18 years at regular and sustained labour. Childhood is considered to be the goLden period of one’S Life. aS every coin has two side, there are several children who are tormented and wish to quit their childhood. To escape the torture they suffer persistently they would go for anything under the sky. Some manage to get out and get a better life, but many continue to be where they are, not out of choice, but force. This is the true story of child labour.
  • What is child labor?  “Child labour” is generally speaking, work for children that harms them or exploits them in someway (physically, mentally, morally or by blocking access to education).  It is the work that exceeds a minimum number of hours depending on the age of a child and on the type of work
  • 61% in Asia, 32% in Africa, and 7% in Latin America, 1% in US, Canada, Europe and other wealthy nations. In Asia, 22% of the workforce is children. In Latin America, 17% of the workforce is children. 246 million child workers aged 5 and 17 were involved in child labor. Out of which 171 million were involved in work that by its nature is hazardous
  • Child labor in India INDIA accounts for the second highest number where child labor in the world. Africa accounts for the highest number of children employed and exploited. According to certain experts approximately 10 million bonded children laborers are working as domestic servants in India. Beyond this there are almost 55 million bonded child laborers hired across various other industries.
  • Measures to Cope Up:• Getting a child educated • Teaching children around you. • Being more active to the happenings around, can make a big difference in the current situation and condition of children of India.
  • Conclusion The social malady of child labor can be brought under control, if each individual takes responsibility of reporting about anyone employing a child below the age of 14years. Thus, instead of ignoring on should find out about reporting child labor and how such children can actually be saved. Child labor can be controlled if the government functions effectively with the support of the public.
  • Poverty:Poverty is the prime source of practically all evils , whether political , social or economic . a poverty – stricken land is an easy prey to its greedy and jealous neighbours . Poverty has brought about political revolutions, moral
  • Suggestions:• Education is the only means by which all such problems can be sorted. The pros and cons of this plight are the government continues to introduce the policies which remain merely on papers and are exempted from being implemented. • if “education for aLL” prevaiLS in the country to the zenith, then the development trap which is created can be eradicated. But being used to spoon feeding will
  • “This would require huge investments both from the private sector as well as the public sector to keep a stumbled block in the path of such holocaust to avoid great peril.”
  • Our Efforts may include:• Help a poor child to acquire proficiency in language • Monthly support for a Village Tuition Centre that provides supplementary learning to school going children • Provide Rehabilitation of the socially retarded and the youth • Sponsor the education of a girl for one year • Support 1 month tuition expenses
  • • Educate a disabled child for a year • Sponsor a child's education (inclusive of fees, books, uniforms, supplementary nutrition and medical check up) • Donate a bicycle to a poor school going child • Education, transportation and medical expenses can be provided. • part SponSor a year’S coLLege education of a needy student • 1 month Computer Training expenses
  • “An educational system isn't worth a great deal if it teaches young people how to make a living but doesn't teach them how to make a life.” "Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one."