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Types of Paragraphs

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  1. 1. Paragraphs
  2. 2. How to Construct Paragraphs? <ul><li>All paragraphs should follow the same structural pattern. They begin with topic sentence which introduces main ideas of the whole paragraph. The following body paragraph contains arguments, examples, comparisons, etc. Terminator, the last sentence of a paragraph, serves as a conclusion to all the above. Alternatively, in longer essay forms terminator can be substituted by a transition sentence which marks the relation between following paragraphs. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How to Write the Topic Sentence <ul><li>Topic sentence should be brief, clear and directly related to the paragraph content. It announces, yet in a neutral tone, what idea or problem is about to be discussed. It should give an idea of why a certain problem has to be considered in a given context. Moreover, topic sentences mustn’t be referenced or quoted from secondary sources. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Paragraph Checklist for Proofreading <ul><li>__ 1. Is the first word indented? </li></ul><ul><li>__2. Does each sentence begin with a capital letter and have correct punctuation? </li></ul><ul><li>__3. Are any words misspelled or left out? </li></ul><ul><li>__4. Have I included any sentences which do not tell about the topic? </li></ul><ul><li>__5. Have I restated the topic sentence? </li></ul><ul><li>__6. Have I used examples, facts, reasons, or sensory details for interest? </li></ul><ul><li>__7. Have I used exact nouns, descriptive phrases, interesrting verbs, adjectives, </li></ul><ul><li>adverbs, or comparisons. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Narration or Narrative Paragraph <ul><li>Narration paragraphs are most distinctively used in fiction. As such, they will contain all necessary components of action development: protagonist, setting, goal, obstacle, climax and resolution. Writing a narration paragraph requires, consequently, sequential order and chronology. There are many descriptive elements included into the body of a narration paragraph but, if composed correctly, the paragraph will feature much more action than depiction. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Exposition or Expository Paragraph <ul><li>It’s created in order to clarify or explain a problem or a phenomenon. Writing exposition paragraphs requires strict focus on evidence and objective language. It can contain elements of comparison and contrast or cause and effect writing - both facilitate accurate exposition of its subject-matter. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Description or Descriptive Paragraph <ul><li>Preferably, description paragraphs should concentrate on action (verbs), rather than sensations (adverbs and adjectives). Writers should assume the role of readers whose idea of the described events is, in entirety, constructed by the paragraph content. Description paragraphs should be detailed, clear, and render the represented reality chronologically. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Persuasion or Persuasive Paragraph <ul><li>Persuasion paragraphs require exhortatory and dynamic language. They are aimed at persuading others into taking a particular action or adopting certain point of view. They should be devoid of descriptive content and, instead, rely on the imperative mode. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Definition Paragraph <ul><li>Definition paragraphs are used in order to explain the meaning, origin and function of things. They are used both in academic writing and in fiction. To write a definition paragraph, writers should concentrate on the role of its subject in the context of the whole essay and list comparisons as well as examples accordingly. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Classification Paragraph <ul><li>Writing a classification paragraph takes a slightly varied approach. It should rely on both defining and comparing. Writers should classify the subject of the paragraph in a specific context providing comparisons to corresponding ideas. Classification can be performed on multiple levels – semantic (comparing different meanings of things), linguistic (using vocabulary to show contrast), and more. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Process Analysis Paragraph <ul><li>It, usually, takes the form of a how-to paragraph which guides readers through a process or action to be performed. It’s very concise and uses formal, non-descriptive vocabulary. It should be written in chronological order which accounts for subsequent actions. </li></ul>