Genetic Engineering of Food Sources

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Genetic Engineering of Food Sources

  1. 1. Genetic Engineering of Food Sources By Jenny Nguyen
  2. 2. Vandana Shiva’s Story <ul><li>Shiva is a well-educated freedom fighter from India </li></ul><ul><li>Shiva speaks of her Indian people and their sufferings of Monsanto’s seeds (genetically engineered seeds) </li></ul><ul><li>Many farmers in India buy Monsanto’s seeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers experience great losses from the price they have to pay for their seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why does Shiva disapprove of genetically engineered (GE) crops? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Topic Defined <ul><li>According to Dictionary.com, “Genetic engineering is the development and application of scientific methods, procedures, and technologies that permit direct manipulation of genetic material in order to alter the hereditary traits of a cell, organism, or population.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Thesis Statement <ul><li>The genetic engineering of foods is not popular in society, though, the Catholic Church supports it as long as it doesn’t endanger any organisms. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pro-Genetic Engineering of Food Sources <ul><li>Genetically Engineered (GE) foods can help end world hunger </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The mass production of more valuable foods can be sent to those in need </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The use of pesticides and herbicides will be reduced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GE foods are Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) crops which are crops with their own pesticides in them </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Pro-Genetic Engineering of Food Sources (cont.) <ul><li>There has been no evidence that GE foods have harmed anyone or anything </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No need for human studies because risks should not be very serious </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Percentages of Countries that used Genetically Modified Foods in 2003 63% 21% 6% 4% 4% 1% 1%
  8. 8. ART
  9. 9. Anti-Genetic Engineering of Food Sources <ul><li>No evidence that GE foods are safe for humans and other organisms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not enough research by scientists, especially for human studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The process of genetic engineering of foods is not precise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insertion of the gene is precise, but where it goes is not </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Anti-Genetic Engineering of Food Sources (cont.) <ul><li>The pesticides in Bt crops will not always work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research has proven that insects will find a way to overcome the pesticides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More pesticides in Bt crops than non-Bt crops </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Religious Aspects <ul><li>“ Taking the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to heaven, he said the blessing, broke the loaves, and gave them to the disciples, who in turn gave them to the crowds. They all ate and were satisfied, and they picked up the fragments left over – twelve wicker baskets full.” (Mt. 14: 19-20) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We have the duty to care for others like Jesus did </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ The imbalance grows with each passing day: while some nations produce food surplus, other nations are in desperate need of food or are unsure of their export market.” (Populorum Progressio 9) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Countries that are less fortunate should receive help from fortunate countries </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Religious Aspects (cont.) <ul><li>“ Feed the hungry is an ethical imperative for the universal Church, as she responds to the teachings of her Founder, the Lord Jesus, concerning solidarity and the sharing of goods.” (Caritas In Veritate 27) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We are called to share with our fellow brothers and sisters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Man’s dominion over inanimate and other living beings granted by the Creator is not absolute; it is limited by concern for the quality of life and his neighbor, including generations to come; it requires a religious respect for the integrity of creation.” (CCC 2415) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We have the obligation to take care of our lesser beings </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Religious Aspects (cont.) <ul><li>“ For I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me drink, a stranger and you welcomed me, naked and you clothed me, ill and you cared for me, in prison and you visited me.” (Mt. 25: 35) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We can follow the Corporal Works of Mercy to help others in need </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Definitive Statement <ul><li>The Church does not have a specific viewpoint on the genetic engineering of foods, but it ardently teaches that scientific experimentation is tolerated when it promotes the goods of others and is unacceptable in the case of disrespecting any human life. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Vandana Shiva’s Story <ul><li>Many peasant farmers go into debt by buying Monsanto seeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Promises in increased yields are empty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers go homeless and without money </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which cause mass suicides because of the debt farmers cannot pay </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vandana Shiva is very outspoken about her story on GE crops </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Thank you Any questions?
  17. 17. Works Cited <ul><li>Altieri, Miguel A. Genetic Engineering in Agriculture: The Myths, Environmental Risks, and Alternatives. Oakland: Food First Books, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>Catechism of the Catholic Church. Ligouri: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1994. </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionary.com 16 March 2010. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/genetic+engineering </li></ul><ul><li>“ Genetic Engineering: The Controversy.” Pros and Cons. 8 March 2010. http://www.rag.org.au/baa/pros+cons.htm </li></ul><ul><li>His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI. Encyclical letter Caritas In Veritate. Vatican: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>His Holiness Pope Paul VI. Populorum Progressio: Encyclical of Pope Paul VI on the </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Peoples. Vatican: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1967. </li></ul><ul><li>Lambrecht, Bill. Dinner at the new gene café. New York: Thomas Dunne Books, 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>M, Kristen. “Vandana Shiva On The Dangers of GMOs.” Food Renegade. 27 April 2009. 11 April 2010. http://www.foodrenegade.com/vandana-shiva-on-the-dangers-of-gmos/ </li></ul><ul><li>The New American Bible. Wichita: Fireside Catholic Publishing, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Say no to genetic engineering.” Greenpeace. 3 March 2010. http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/genetic-engineering </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sustainable Agriculture and Genetic Engineering.” Greenpeace. 3 March 2010. <http:// www.greenpeace.org/usa/campaigns/genetic-engineering > </li></ul>

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