Facilities Management Challenges• What tools are best suited to manage facility data?• What are the potential approaches to creating and maintaining spatial facility data? – Can I get more from CAD? – Do I need to start with BIM? – Laser scanning to BIM? – What is the role of GIS?• How do I integrate spatial data and maintenance information to make good investment decisions?• What are the best practices going forward?
What Tools are Best Suited toManage Facilities?•Spatial Tools – Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) – Building Information Modeling (BIM) – Geographic Information Systems (GIS)•Management Tools – Computerized Maintenance Management (CMMS) – Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) – Computer Aided Facility Management (CAFM) – Integrated Workplace Management Systems (IWMS) – Condition Assessment/Capital Planning tools
Can we use CAD as the Basis for aFacilities Management System?•CAD data exists for many facilities•CAD products have been connected to CAFM systems for many years – Limited functionality – Challenging data synchronization•CAD suffers from same constraints as BIM – File Based – Proprietary – Not scalable – Limited security Not a Viable Solution – But we need the 2-D Data from CAD
BIM Provides Benefits for Design and Construction• Improved design process• 3-D visualization for owner (static only)• Coordination between disciplines• Interference checking• Facilitates energy efficiency and LEED• Automated quantity take offs• 4-D scheduling• Improved documentation of design intent• Potentially used for fabrication
Elements in BIM are Created at aHigh Level of Detail This data is required to convey the information needed to construct the facility. All BIM products export BIM data to and Industry Foundation Classes (IFCs)
Can We Use BIM as the Basis fora Facilities Management System?•File-based•Proprietary data formats – Exports to IFC not uniform•Not easily query-able across multiple facilities•Not scalable to large number of users – BIM Server technology limited to design focus•Limited security•No clustering, failover, etc.•Only NEW facilities are in BIM! Not a Viable Solution – But we need the 3-D Data from BIM
GIS Can Manage, Analyze &Visualize Data at All Scales Global Country Region City Campus Building Rooms Equipment Furniture
The Analytic Power of GIS• Spatial analysis and modeling – Overlay analysis (union, intersect) – Proximity analysis (buffer, near) – Surface analysis (hill shade, slope) – Linear analysis (connectivity, tracing) – Raster analysis• Geoprocessing tools• Database management• Rich API• Enterprise-ready• Field Computing-ready• Integrates with – CMMS – EAM – CAFM – IWMS
GIS Supports Enterprise Applications Space Planning Analysis/CAFM Executive Dashboard Work Order Management Decision Support Building Automation Systems FCA Data Analysis Management
CAD to GIS Integration Issues•CAD data is not spatially located•CAD data may or may not be consistently structured•CAD data is not very intelligent•CAD data is 2-D
BIM to GIS IntegrationIssues• BIM is MUCH richer in detail than GIS• GIS has only recently become fully 3-D• Design BIM contains all the information needed to construct a building, but not to manage it – Space polygons – Occupant information – Asset details (make, model, etc.) – Equipment maintenance data• Missing tabular data can be supplied by COBie – but no spatial data
bSa BIGie Project Focus• How can BIM applications and information seamlessly interact with geospatial information during across the lifecycle process to address requirements related to site conditions and surroundings?• How can BIM and geospatial applications be used to communicate campus-wide information requirements for lifecycle facility management and operations?• How can 3-D CAD and geospatial portrayal services facilitate modeling in campus-wide and facility perspectives for as-is BIM model and further extension for planning or design activities?
Significance of BIGie Effort• Multiple organizations and Federal agencies involved• Based on open data standards (ISO, OGC)• Over 50 Use Cases identified• Information Delivery Manual (IDM) being developed
ESRI’s Building Interior SpaceData Model (BISDM) for GIS - A usercommunity effort• Started in summer 2007• Built template to serve many use cases and compatible technologies• Support property, building, and asset objects – 3-D• Models, supporting documentation, tools, and sample viewers at www.esri.com/datamodels• Can be extended to include FM Data
Spectrum of Techniques for Creating 3-D Facility GIS Field Surveying Laser Scanning to BIM VALUECOST Convert CAD to GIS floor plans BIM to GIS (New facilities only) Convert CAD to GIS “jello cubes”
GIS From Scanning or SurveyingFunctionalitySupported Not Supported• Visualization • MEP/Data Network• Space Management routing (hidden features)• Move Management• Proximity analysis• Maintenance Management• Wayfinding• Energy Management• Security• Evacuation
FM – GIS Case Studies•Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport•Oakland County, Michigan•Architect of the Capitol
Phoenix Sky Harbor International•Owned by the City of Phoenix•Ninth busiest US Airport•3000 Acres inside the fence•3.5 million square feet in 3 terminals
Project Scope Enterprise class GIS Deployment Above ground, surface, underground and interior features ALL in GIS High end GIS applications and infrastructure Integrate with 10+ existing business systems
Facilities Data Development GIS Technology for inside features 3.5 Million sf in terminals and cargo facilities 7.5 Million sf in parking facilities Study conducted to determine approach What data was relevant to staff? – What precision was needed? – What sources were available? – How complete/accurate/current were they? – What is the most cost effective way to create data?
Category 1 Features – Critical• Building Boundary • Secure Area Boundary• Floor Level Boundary • Fire Alarm Panel Boundary• Space Classification • Fire Suppression Zone Boundary Boundary• Lease Boundary • Exterior Doors• Cost Center Boundary • Interior Doors• Ceiling Type Boundary • Interior Signage• Floor Type Boundary • Emergency Lights• Roof Area Boundary • Exit Lights• Exterior Walls +/- • Back Flow Preventer +/-• Interior Walls• Windows 3” • Fire Extinguishers • Fire Protection Equipment 2’• Columns • Fire Alarm Panels• Column Grid • CCTV Camera• Stairs • Access Control Panel• Elevators • Access Pad• Escalators • Emergency Duress Unit• Moving Walkways • AEDs • Covert Alarm Button
Category 2 Features - Wanted•HVAC Equipment •Visual/Audible Alarms•Plumbing Equipment •Magnetic Hold-Open Devices•Baggage Carousel •FIDS Monitors•Baggage/Cargo Conveyors •Paging System Monitors•Baggage Cart Racks •Sprinkler Heads•Express Pay Machines •Public Telephones•Parking Ticket Machines Speakers•Parking Garage Automatic Gates CCTV Monitor•Pull Stations Paging System Microphones•Smoke Detectors Electrical Sub-Panels•Roof Drains Service Entrance Section•Floor Drains Motor Control•Cleanouts Power Distribution Switch Gear•Grease Traps Transformers•Water Closet Generators•Urinal Trash Containers•Lavatory Display Cases•Sink Ceiling Grid
Category 3 Features – Not Required• Lights - General• Power Distribution - Raceways• HVAC Ductwork• HVAC Ductwork Accessories• HVAC Piping System• HVAC Pipe Accessories• Plumbing Piping System• Plumbing Pipe Accessories• Fire Protection Piping System• Fire Protection Pipe Accessories• Furniture• Movable Partitions
Field Data Collection ProcessSurvey Control extended into facilitiesIndividual features captured by TS or LaserFeatures created in AutoCAD MapExported to shapefilesImported into ESRI Geodatabases
Data, data, and more dataSmoke Detectors - 1499Visual Audible Alarms - 4776Doors - 5194Light Poles - 6455
Facilities Management Integrationwith SAP CMMS• Spaces/features in GIS all have SAP IDs• Anyone can view SAP information from GIS• View work orders and routine maintenance information• View specific equipment location and attribution (ie serial number, model and manufacturer).
Collaborative Asset ManagementSystem (CAMS) Elements•Based on Azteca Cityworks (GIS-Centric CMMS)•Assets converted from non-GIS based CMMS into GIS as non-spatial objects•Assets located via hierarchy•Future desire to migrate CAD floor plan data to GIS and integrate with CMMS
AOC Concept•Develop 3-D GIS from extruding CAD floor plans and scanning•Incorporate or integrate with non-spatial databases•Link to GIS-enabled CMMS (TMA) for – Space/move management – GIS-based maintenance management – Wayfinding/evacuation routing – Safety/security analysis – Capital improvement project planning•Develop custom applications as needed•Incorporate 3-D BIMs as they come
BIM Spatial Data Interchange toGIS (New facilities only)• BIM Export to Industry Foundation Class (IFC) – All Major BIM Products export and import IFC• Safe Software’s FME imports IFC – Exports over 100 CAD/GIS/3-D formats• Limitations of export and import technology Model in BIM Model in GIS