Case Studies On Gis Fm Integration
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Case Studies On Gis Fm Integration

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An overview of different approaches for using GIS for Facilities Management

An overview of different approaches for using GIS for Facilities Management

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    Case Studies On Gis Fm Integration Case Studies On Gis Fm Integration Presentation Transcript

    • Case Studies on Facilities Management and GeographicInformation Systems Integration John Przybyla, PE, GISP Woolpert, Inc.
    • Exciting but IndependentDevelopments in Technology•3-D Visualization in BIM, CAD, and GIS•BIM to COBie to populate FM data•GIS linked to CMMS and CAFM
    • 3-D in AutoCAD (1990) - NC State
    • 3-D SketchUp – University ofNorth Carolina
    • 3-D Visualization in SketchUp (NCState)
    • 3-D Data in ESRI GIS – VanderbiltUniversity
    • 3-D in MicroStation - WPAFB
    • Many Facilities ManagementNeeds•Visualization•Maintenance Management•Space Management•Move Management•Wayfinding•Safety and Security•Energy Management•Condition Assessment•Capital Improvement Planning
    • Multiple Technology Choices•CAD•BIM•GIS•CMMS•EAM•CAFM•IWMS•FCA•CIP•Many more…
    • Facilities Management Challenges• What tools are best suited to manage facility data?• What are the potential approaches to creating and maintaining spatial facility data? – Can I get more from CAD? – Do I need to start with BIM? – Laser scanning to BIM? – What is the role of GIS?• How do I integrate spatial data and maintenance information to make good investment decisions?• What are the best practices going forward?
    • What Tools are Best Suited toManage Facilities?•Spatial Tools – Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) – Building Information Modeling (BIM) – Geographic Information Systems (GIS)•Management Tools – Computerized Maintenance Management (CMMS) – Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) – Computer Aided Facility Management (CAFM) – Integrated Workplace Management Systems (IWMS) – Condition Assessment/Capital Planning tools
    • Can we use CAD as the Basis for aFacilities Management System?•CAD data exists for many facilities•CAD products have been connected to CAFM systems for many years – Limited functionality – Challenging data synchronization•CAD suffers from same constraints as BIM – File Based – Proprietary – Not scalable – Limited security Not a Viable Solution – But we need the 2-D Data from CAD
    • BIM Provides Benefits for Design and Construction• Improved design process• 3-D visualization for owner (static only)• Coordination between disciplines• Interference checking• Facilitates energy efficiency and LEED• Automated quantity take offs• 4-D scheduling• Improved documentation of design intent• Potentially used for fabrication
    • Elements in BIM are Created at aHigh Level of Detail This data is required to convey the information needed to construct the facility. All BIM products export BIM data to and Industry Foundation Classes (IFCs)
    • Can We Use BIM as the Basis fora Facilities Management System?•File-based•Proprietary data formats – Exports to IFC not uniform•Not easily query-able across multiple facilities•Not scalable to large number of users – BIM Server technology limited to design focus•Limited security•No clustering, failover, etc.•Only NEW facilities are in BIM! Not a Viable Solution – But we need the 3-D Data from BIM
    • GIS Can Manage, Analyze &Visualize Data at All Scales Global Country Region City Campus Building Rooms Equipment Furniture
    • The Analytic Power of GIS• Spatial analysis and modeling – Overlay analysis (union, intersect) – Proximity analysis (buffer, near) – Surface analysis (hill shade, slope) – Linear analysis (connectivity, tracing) – Raster analysis• Geoprocessing tools• Database management• Rich API• Enterprise-ready• Field Computing-ready• Integrates with – CMMS – EAM – CAFM – IWMS
    • GIS Supports Enterprise Applications Space Planning Analysis/CAFM Executive Dashboard Work Order Management Decision Support Building Automation Systems FCA Data Analysis Management
    • CAD to GIS Integration Issues•CAD data is not spatially located•CAD data may or may not be consistently structured•CAD data is not very intelligent•CAD data is 2-D
    • BIM to GIS IntegrationIssues• BIM is MUCH richer in detail than GIS• GIS has only recently become fully 3-D• Design BIM contains all the information needed to construct a building, but not to manage it – Space polygons – Occupant information – Asset details (make, model, etc.) – Equipment maintenance data• Missing tabular data can be supplied by COBie – but no spatial data
    • buildingSMARTalliance BIM-GISProject (BIGie)http://www.buildingsmartalliance.org/projects/activeprojects/27
    • bSa BIGie Project Focus• How can BIM applications and information seamlessly interact with geospatial information during across the lifecycle process to address requirements related to site conditions and surroundings?• How can BIM and geospatial applications be used to communicate campus-wide information requirements for lifecycle facility management and operations?• How can 3-D CAD and geospatial portrayal services facilitate modeling in campus-wide and facility perspectives for as-is BIM model and further extension for planning or design activities?
    • Significance of BIGie Effort• Multiple organizations and Federal agencies involved• Based on open data standards (ISO, OGC)• Over 50 Use Cases identified• Information Delivery Manual (IDM) being developed
    • ESRI’s Building Interior SpaceData Model (BISDM) for GIS - A usercommunity effort• Started in summer 2007• Built template to serve many use cases and compatible technologies• Support property, building, and asset objects – 3-D• Models, supporting documentation, tools, and sample viewers at www.esri.com/datamodels• Can be extended to include FM Data
    • Spectrum of Techniques for Creating 3-D Facility GIS Field Surveying Laser Scanning to BIM VALUECOST Convert CAD to GIS floor plans BIM to GIS (New facilities only) Convert CAD to GIS “jello cubes”
    • 3-D GIS Jello Cubes from CAD (MIT)
    • 3-D GIS Analysis with Jello Cubes
    • GIS from Jello Cubes FunctionalitySupported Not Supported• Visualization • Maintenance Management• Space Management • Wayfinding• Move Management • Energy Management• Proximity analysis • Security • Evacuation • MEP/Data Network routing
    • Laser Scanning to GIS – Point Cloud
    • 3-D Surfaces from Scan
    • Point Cloud - Power GenerationFacility
    • Scan Data Processing
    • 3-D Model from Scan
    • GIS From Scanning or SurveyingFunctionalitySupported Not Supported• Visualization • MEP/Data Network• Space Management routing (hidden features)• Move Management• Proximity analysis• Maintenance Management• Wayfinding• Energy Management• Security• Evacuation
    • FM – GIS Case Studies•Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport•Oakland County, Michigan•Architect of the Capitol
    • Phoenix Sky Harbor International•Owned by the City of Phoenix•Ninth busiest US Airport•3000 Acres inside the fence•3.5 million square feet in 3 terminals
    • Project Scope Enterprise class GIS Deployment Above ground, surface, underground and interior features ALL in GIS High end GIS applications and infrastructure Integrate with 10+ existing business systems
    • Facilities Data Development GIS Technology for inside features 3.5 Million sf in terminals and cargo facilities 7.5 Million sf in parking facilities Study conducted to determine approach What data was relevant to staff? – What precision was needed? – What sources were available? – How complete/accurate/current were they? – What is the most cost effective way to create data?
    • Category 1 Features – Critical• Building Boundary • Secure Area Boundary• Floor Level Boundary • Fire Alarm Panel Boundary• Space Classification • Fire Suppression Zone Boundary Boundary• Lease Boundary • Exterior Doors• Cost Center Boundary • Interior Doors• Ceiling Type Boundary • Interior Signage• Floor Type Boundary • Emergency Lights• Roof Area Boundary • Exit Lights• Exterior Walls +/- • Back Flow Preventer +/-• Interior Walls• Windows 3” • Fire Extinguishers • Fire Protection Equipment 2’• Columns • Fire Alarm Panels• Column Grid • CCTV Camera• Stairs • Access Control Panel• Elevators • Access Pad• Escalators • Emergency Duress Unit• Moving Walkways • AEDs • Covert Alarm Button
    • Category 2 Features - Wanted•HVAC Equipment •Visual/Audible Alarms•Plumbing Equipment •Magnetic Hold-Open Devices•Baggage Carousel •FIDS Monitors•Baggage/Cargo Conveyors •Paging System Monitors•Baggage Cart Racks •Sprinkler Heads•Express Pay Machines •Public Telephones•Parking Ticket Machines Speakers•Parking Garage Automatic Gates CCTV Monitor•Pull Stations Paging System Microphones•Smoke Detectors Electrical Sub-Panels•Roof Drains Service Entrance Section•Floor Drains Motor Control•Cleanouts Power Distribution Switch Gear•Grease Traps Transformers•Water Closet Generators•Urinal Trash Containers•Lavatory Display Cases•Sink Ceiling Grid
    • Category 3 Features – Not Required• Lights - General• Power Distribution - Raceways• HVAC Ductwork• HVAC Ductwork Accessories• HVAC Piping System• HVAC Pipe Accessories• Plumbing Piping System• Plumbing Pipe Accessories• Fire Protection Piping System• Fire Protection Pipe Accessories• Furniture• Movable Partitions
    • Field Data Collection ProcessSurvey Control extended into facilitiesIndividual features captured by TS or LaserFeatures created in AutoCAD MapExported to shapefilesImported into ESRI Geodatabases
    • Interior Feature Symbols
    • Data, data, and more dataSmoke Detectors - 1499Visual Audible Alarms - 4776Doors - 5194Light Poles - 6455
    • Facilities Management Integrationwith SAP CMMS• Spaces/features in GIS all have SAP IDs• Anyone can view SAP information from GIS• View work orders and routine maintenance information• View specific equipment location and attribution (ie serial number, model and manufacturer).
    • SAP Interface
    • SAP Interface – Step 1
    • SAP Interface – Step 2
    • SAP Interface – Step 3
    • Phoenix Solution Elements•Extensive, detailed 2-D GIS (Extrude to 3-D)•Data created by field surveying•Spaces and equipment loosely coupled to CMMS asset by IDs•Custom read-only GIS-CMMS interface
    • Oakland County, MICollaborative Asset Management System (CAMS)•Population – 1,300,000•Early, progressive ESRI users•Needed GIS-Centric EAM – Water/Sewer/Storm – Road Commission – Facilities – Parks – Cities, Villages, Towns – Ultimately ~1,000 users
    • Oakland County FacilitiesManagement•350+ facilities and grounds•Central campus plus multiple locations•Facilities as simple features in GIS
    • Oakland County Needs•Replace existing CMMS•Use GIS-Centric EAM – County standard•Maintain existing non-spatial asset hierarchy•Integrate with financial system•Meet current user needs
    • GIS-Based Facility Asset DataStructure
    • Facilities as GIS Features
    • Select Feature – View ObjectHierarchy
    • Select Another Facility – ViewHierarchy
    • Drill Down Through Hierarchy toAsset
    • Create Work Order Based onAsset Type
    • Collaborative Asset ManagementSystem (CAMS) Elements•Based on Azteca Cityworks (GIS-Centric CMMS)•Assets converted from non-GIS based CMMS into GIS as non-spatial objects•Assets located via hierarchy•Future desire to migrate CAD floor plan data to GIS and integrate with CMMS
    • Architect of the Capitol
    • AOC Currently•CMMS (TMA Systems) – no spatial data – Maintenance Management – Move Management•Floor plans in 2-D CAD (MicroStation) – Rooms, Spaces, Furniture – MEP asset in great detail•Numerous non-spatial databases – Facility Condition Assessments – Historic Preservation – Energy Management – Many more
    • AOC Furniture Detail
    • AOC – Mechanical Detail
    • AOC – Electrical Detail
    • AOC Concept•Develop 3-D GIS from extruding CAD floor plans and scanning•Incorporate or integrate with non-spatial databases•Link to GIS-enabled CMMS (TMA) for – Space/move management – GIS-based maintenance management – Wayfinding/evacuation routing – Safety/security analysis – Capital improvement project planning•Develop custom applications as needed•Incorporate 3-D BIMs as they come
    • TMA GIS Module Functionality
    • Full Feature Detail in 2-D GIS a. Press Select Features button b. Check the Assets Layer c. Push the Select Button d. Draw selection rectangle on map over desired features to select
    • Select Feature – Create SR or WO Press the Create Request or Create Work Order button
    • AOC 3-D GIS Concept -Wayfinding
    • BIM Spatial Data Interchange toGIS (New facilities only)• BIM Export to Industry Foundation Class (IFC) – All Major BIM Products export and import IFC• Safe Software’s FME imports IFC – Exports over 100 CAD/GIS/3-D formats• Limitations of export and import technology Model in BIM Model in GIS
    • Conceptual Integrated CAD/BIM to GIS/FM Data Workflow CMMS COBIE CAFM/IWMS BIM Data Facility/Asset E 13,089,250 E 13,089,500 E 13,089,750 E 13,090,000 E 13,090,250 E 13,090,500 E 13,090,750 E 13,091,000 835.1 836.5 827.2 825 826.8 828.1 51 837.1 835.4 834.3 828.8 827.2 8 35 828.2 830.3 829.6 833.4 835.1 828.3 829.2 837.1 8 30 835.2 829.6 836.2 829.8 840.8 836.7 830 829.8 830 830.2 834.2 829.8 829.6 836.5 835.5 825 835.7 825 RE 840 828.4 828.5 D 830 834.8 828.3 825 KE LOGG L CE E NT R 83 827.7 0 829.4 827.7 825 55 829.3 CE 835 835 835.7 827.5 835.4 834.5 828.3 834.5 830 DAR 835 833.6 835.1 S ART P AN 837.4 N 448,750 S AT E T U BRIDGE FOOT 828.2 835.7 828.4 829.3 RIV 835.5 832.2 834.7 835.8 ER 827.5 828.4 828.5 833.5 832.3 830.3 RED 834.5 834.5 831.4 834.4 827.6 835.8 835.4 835 833.7 832.3 832.3 834.2 CEDA 829.6 829.4 R 831.6 836.5 833.3 835.6 830.3 833.4 832.6 832.6 832.7 JE ON NIS GYMNASIUM 833.4 831.9 832.8 AND 831.2 833.4 832.4 ROAD KE LOGG P ING L ARK 830.2 836.3 832.7 LOT 66 832.6 829.4 P ING LOT ARK FIELDHOUSE 832.2 832.8 832.4 831.2 ROA 64 835.8 56 832.4 D 833.7 832.8 832.5 830.8 832.3 835.6 832.4 831.2 830.3 831.3 831.1 117 832.4 832.4 835.2 831.1 83 N 448,500 829.4 831.7 832.5 832.9 T 830.6 REE 833.8 825.6 830.6 ST 830.7 U/C 830.4 833.8 831.3 832.3 831.3 D 836.1 833.5 831.4 ROA 835.5 835.5 832.2 830.6 835.5 832.4 835 832.4 833.8 831.7 PARADE FIELD 831.2 829.3 831.5 831.8 835.5 831.7 832.3 834.7 831.6 RISON 831.7 Management 831.6 833.8 833.6 834.7 830.3 R 832.5 E 828.3 IV 832.7 832.5 HAR R 832.8 833.4 834.7 832.5 833.6 834.7 835.4 832.4 832.5 827.6 832.7 835.6 833.2 833.2 831.5 835.1 831.4 832.5 835.6 835 834.4 825 833.3 832.4 834.7 833.4 832.2 830 830.2 832.4 832.6 832.4 R 832.5 835.5 835.4 DA 831.5 833.7 835.4 CE 825 JE ON NIS 830 835 831.6 P ING L ARK OT 833.4 INTRAMURAL PARKING 831.3 67 833.5 833.5 LOT 62 D NUT RE N 448,250 835.3 T CHES 835 P ING ARK 833.5 834.7 T LB OL OOTH 834.8 508 837.6 835 835 835.8 835.4 836.5 844.6 843.4 DEMONS RAT T ION HALL 842.5 835 837.7 837.4 57 836.7 835.5 840 841.4 835.7 836.3 836.3 842.3 DEM 835.6 835.5 842.5 842.1 842.3 ONS 836.2 842.8 ZOO TRAT KALAMA ION 842.2 836.7 835.4 843.5 837.2 837.3 HALL 843.3 840 835.9 837.7 N 448,000 835.3 838.8 ROA 839.2 D 844.6 836.4 845.5 845.3 845.6 842.7 845 843.7 841.7 841.3 848.3 840.4 847.4 847.3 848.8 844.6 840.6 848.3 INTRAMURAL ECRE IV -R AT E 845 S ORT -WE T P S S 847.6 151 845 857.6 847.8 848.3 855 DIRT P E IL S 850 OAD 845.4 839.7 839.8 846.7 853.1 R 850 840 846.8 840 843.3 847.2 843.6 N 447,750 844.6 839.3 840.4 840.8 838.5 843.6 843.5 841.8 846.6 841.3 841.8 843.7 846.5 MUNN ARENA BIRCH B S RE LIN S UDE T NT 846.5 846.5 844.3 845.4 846.6 POOL 59 E NT VE S CENTER 843.6 841.2 840.4 844.3 846.7 8 45 842.7 845 841.9 845.4 832.2 843.6 846.7 841.8 846.6 846.7 850 843.3 842.3 845 TRACK 8 45 844.7 846.7 N 447,500 845.7 844.8 844.5 846.7 846.3 842.7 846.6 845 850 TITLE DWN. BY REVISIONS N DIGIT DAT AL ABASE APPVD. BY MAPPING DATE 8-89 GEOGRAPHIC 50 0 50 100 150 SCALE INFORMAT N IO SCALE IN FE T E MICHIG AN ST E UNIVERSIT AT Y 1"= 50 DWG. NO.WOOLPERT SERVICES CONT R INTE AL : 1 FOOT OU RV PHYSICAL PLANTDIVISION MSU2C FILE NO. ENGINEERING SERVICE DE ARTMENT S P CADD Data GIS BIM Tabular Data Repository Repository Spatial Data GIS Data
    • 3-D GIS Integrated with CMMSFunctionality• Maintenance Management• MEP/data network routing/analysis (if in source data)• Space Management/optimization• Move management• Public Safety – Security – Fire protection – Evacuation routing – Hazardous materials storage• Way-Finding – Proximity/routing – ADA compliant routes• Interior Space analyses – Areas (organizational, operations, leasing, etc.) – Volumes• Condition Assessment for Capital Planning• Energy Management – Real-time sensor display – Environmental contaminant analysis• Export Existing models for renovation
    • GIS for FM - Best Practices•Implement a complete solution using GIS – includes all facilities – not just the fraction from BIM – places facilities in their context•For existing facilities - create 3-D GIS via extrusion from 2-D CAD and/or scanning – Link features to CMMS/CAFM assets and spaces•For new facilities - convert BIM to 3-D GIS – Use COBie to populate CMMS/CAFM data•Use 3-D GIS to manage facilities over their lifecycle – Integrated with CMMS/CAFM and other applications
    • Questions?John.przybyla@woolpert.com